Mull of Galloway
|Mull of Galloway|
Mull of Galloway headland
|OS grid reference|
|• Edinburgh||112 mi (180 km)|
|• London||292 mi (470 km)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Lighthouse on the Mull of Galloway
|Location||Mull of Galloway|
|Year first constructed||1830|
|Tower shape||cylindrical tower with balcony and lantern|
|Markings / pattern||white tower, black lantern, ochre trim|
|Tower height||26 metres (85 ft)|
|Focal height||99 metres (325 ft)|
|Range||28 nautical miles (52 km; 32 mi)|
|Characteristic||Fl W 20s.|
|Managing agent||South Rhins Community Development Trust  |
The Mull of Galloway (Scottish Gaelic: Maol nan Gall, pronounced [mɯːlˠ̪ nəŋ ˈkaulˠ̪]; grid reference ) is the southernmost point of Scotland. It is situated in Wigtownshire, Dumfries and Galloway, at the end of the Rhins of Galloway peninsula.
The Mull has one of the last remaining sections of natural coastal habitat on the Galloway coast and as such supports a wide variety of plant and animal species. It is now a nature reserve managed by the RSPB. Mull means rounded headland or promontory.
The Mull of Galloway Trail, one of Scotland's Great Trails, is a 59 km (37 mi) long-distance footpath that runs from the Mull of Galloway via Stranraer to Glenapp near Ballantrae, where the trail links with the Ayrshire Coastal Path.
An active lighthouse is positioned at the point. Built in 1830 by engineer Robert Stevenson, the white-painted round tower is 26 metres (85 ft) high. The light is 99 metres (325 ft) above sea level and has a range of 28 nautical miles (52 km). The lighthouse and lighthouse keepers' houses are designated as a Category A listed building.
During World War II, on 8 June 1944 at 7.30 pm, a French member of the British Air Transport Auxiliary (ATA), Cladius Echallier, died by striking the Lighthouse in a Beaufighter, while making a low landfall from the Irish Sea.
The lighthouse is now automatic, and an old outhouse has been converted into a visitor centre, run by the South Rhins Community Development Trust, a group of local people and businesses. In 2013 there was a community buyout and the Mull of Galloway Trust purchased land and buildings, with the exception of the tower, from Northern Lighthouse Board.
In 2004 a new café was built at the Mull of Galloway, called the "Gallie Craig". Its design incorporates into the landscape with a turf roof, giving views across to Northern Ireland and southwards to the Isle of Man.
- List of lighthouses in Scotland
- List of Northern Lighthouse Board lighthouses
- Dunnet Head - Scotland's most northerly point on the mainland
- Corrachadh Mòr - Scotland's most westerly point on the mainland
- Keith Inch - Scotland's most easterly point on the mainland
- Mull of Galloway The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 16 May 2016
- Mull of Galloway Northern Lighthouse Board. Retrieved 16 May 2016
- "Mull of Galloway Trail". Scotland's Great Trails. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 November 2009. Retrieved 30 December 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Historic Environment Scotland. "Mull of Galloway Lighthouse, Lighthouse Keepers' Houses and boundary walls (Category A) (13578)". Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- The Forgotten Pilots, Lettice Curtis, Page 153
- Northern Lighthouse Board
- Area website
- Webcam of the views from the lighthouse
- Profile on VisitScotland website
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