Mullaghmore, County Sligo
An Mullach Mór
A view of Mullaghmore
|Elevation||1 m (3 ft)|
|Irish Grid Reference||G709577|
Mullaghmore (Irish: An Mullach Mór, meaning "the great summit") is a village on the Mullaghmore peninsula in County Sligo, Ireland. It is a noted holiday destination, characterised by ocean views and a skyline dominated by the monolithic shape of Ben Bulben mountain. It is in the barony of Carbury and parish of Ahamlish.
From the 17th to the 19th century it was part of the large estate belonging to the Temple family in north Sligo. The land, some 12,000 acres, was granted to Sir John Temple, 1st Viscount Palmerston and Master of the Rolls in Dublin. The 3rd Viscount, Henry John Temple, better known as Lord Palmerston, began the building of the castle of Classiebawn a baronial style house standing on the peninsula. He also built the stone walled harbour in the village which was designed by the marine engineer Alexander Nimmo. It was built between 1822 and 1841.
The Temples were mostly absentee landlords, with the estate being run initially by middlemen, and later by land agents, such as Stewart and Kincaid a Dublin firm with offices in Sligo. These agents, in their attempts to make the estates profitable, oversaw the "assisted emigration" that took place on the Palmerston and adjacent Gore Booth (Lissadell) estate in the area that began before the famine and continued until at least the 1860s.
Thus, in May 1862 a Sligo newspaper reported: "In accordance with a custom of some years standing, about sixty persons have been selected for emigration from the Parish of Ahamlish ... whose passages and outfit has been provided by his Lordship. They consist of twenty-four young girls, and twenty young men ... [and] families who were wholly unable to support themselves ... who had asked the favour of being sent out ..... The emigrants took their passages ... this day, for Liverpool, en route for America."
It was off the Mullaghmore coast in August 1979 that Lord Mountbatten, along with The Dowager Baroness Brabourne and County Fermanagh teenager Paul Maxwell, were killed by a bomb planted by the Provisional IRA.
In 2007 it hosted the final stage of Rally Ireland.
Mullaghmore is one of the best big wave surfing locations in the world. On 8 March 2012, surfers and windsurfers from all over the world rode waves up to 15 metres (49 ft) high off Mullaghmore Head. These waves were about five metres less than the tallest wave ever recorded in Ireland in County Donegal on 13 December 2011, which was 20.4 metres (67 ft) high.
The waves in Mullaghmore were generated by a complex weather system nicknamed the "Viking storm" leading to the best big wave conditions in the area for the month of March for 15 years. Some riders suffered bruising as well as broken bones and surf boards.
A North American low pressure system moved east and combined with another cyclone in the Western Atlantic. This system moved into an area off the coast of Ireland that already had high waves owing to a series of strong systems the previous week. In addition, a strong anticyclone over the Azores created a large pressure gradient in the North Atlantic that directed a strong fetch towards Ireland. There was also an extended fetch length in the North Atlantic in the direction of Europe while the swell was created. These combined conditions produced waves that were confirmed by satellite data on 7 March 2012 to have exceeded 15 metres (49 ft) in height.
- Profile of an Irish Village: Palmerston and the Conquest, Colonisation and Evolution of Mullaghmore, Co. Sligo
- "Census 2006 – Volume 1 – Population Classified by Area" (PDF). Central Statistics Office Census 2006 Reports. Central Statistics Office Ireland. April 2007. Retrieved 2011-06-05.
- Mullaghmore Placenames Database of Ireland. Retrieved: 2012-03-21.
- Giant 20-metre high wave off Donegal Irish Times, 2011-12-13.
- Donegal wave is a new high water mark Irish Times, 2011-12-14.
- Surfers' paradise: Best March conditions in 15 years Irish Times, 2012-03-12.
- Last Minute XXL Entry From Ireland TransWorld Surf magazine, 2012-03-12.
- Ireland gets XXL surf Surfline, 2012-03-12.