Mullerornis

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Mullerornis
Temporal range: Quaternary
Mullerornis agilis.jpg
Restoration of Mullerornis agilis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Aepyornithiformes
Family: Aepyornithidae
Genus: Mullerornis
Milne-Edwards & Grandidier 1894
Species
  • Mullerornis betsilei Milne-Edwards & Grandidier, 1894[1]
  • Mullerornis agilis Milne-Edwards & Grandidier, 1894[1]
  • Mullerornis rudis Milne-Edwards & Grandidier, 1894[1][2]
Synonyms
  • Flacourtia Andrews 1895 non Comm. ex L'Her. 1786

Mullerornis is the smaller of the two genera of extinct elephant birds (Aepyornithidae) of Madagascar (the other is Aepyornis).[3] Species include Mullerornis agilis Milne-Edwards and A. Grandidier, 1894, and M. grandis Lamberton, 1934.[4] A bone possibly belonging to Mullerornis has been radiocarbon dated to about 1260 BP,[5] suggesting that the animal was still extant at the end of the first millennium.[6]

The genus is named after Georges Muller, a French explorer who was killed in 1892 by hostile members of the Sakalava people.

Species[edit]

  • Mullerornis betsilei Milne-Edwards & Grandidier, 1894[1][7] (Betsile elephant-bird)
  • Mullerornis agilis Milne-Edwards & Grandidier, 1894[1] (Agile/coastal elephant-bird)
  • Mullerornis rudis Milne-Edwards & Grandidier, 1894[2][1][8] (Robust elephant-bird)
    • Flacourtia rudis (Milne-Edwards & Grandidier, 1894) Andrews, 1895
  • ?Mullerornis grandis Lamberton 1934

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Brands, S. (2008)
  2. ^ a b Davies, S. J. J. F. (2003)
  3. ^ Burney, et al. (1997), p. 763
  4. ^ MacPhee, et al. (1985), table II
  5. ^ Burney, et al. (2004), p. 50
  6. ^ Burney et al. (2004), p. 25
  7. ^ Julian P. Hume; Michael Walters (2012). Extinct birds. T&AD Poyser. p. 544. ISBN 1408158612. 
  8. ^ LePage, D. (2008)

References[edit]

  • Brands, Sheila (17 Oct 2009). "Systema Naturae 2000 / Taxon: Genus Mullerornis -". Project: The Taxonomicon. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Universal Taxonomic Services. Retrieved 15 Feb 2011. 
  • Burney, David A.; James, Helen F.; Grady, Frederick V.; Rafamantanantsoa, Jean-Gervais; Ramilisonina; Wright, Henry T.; Cowart, James B. (1997). "Environmental change, extinction and human activity: Evidence from caves in NW Madagascar". Journal of Biogeography. 24 (6): 755–767. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2699.1997.00146.x. 
  • Burney, David A.; Burney, Lida Pigott; Godfrey, Laurie R.; Jungers, William L.; Goodman, Steven M.; Wright, Henry T.; Jull, A. J. Timothy (2004). "A chronology for late prehistoric Madagascar". Journal of Human Evolution. 47 (1-2): 25–63. PMID 15288523. doi:10.1016/j.jhevol.2004.05.005. 
  • Davies, S. J. J. F. (2003). "Elephant birds". In Hutchins, Michael. Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia. 8 Birds I Tinamous and Ratites to Hoatzins (2 ed.). Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Group. pp. 103–104. ISBN 0-7876-5784-0. 
  • MacPhee, R. D. E.; Burney, David A.; Wells, N. A. (1985). "Early Holocene chronology and environment of Ampasambazimba, a Malagasy subfossil lemur site". International Journal of Primatology. 6 (5): 463–489. doi:10.1007/BF02735571.