Mullet (haircut)

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As seen here, this hairstyle can be achieved by shaving both sides of the head but leaving the hair long in the front and back

The mullet is a hairstyle in which the hair is cut shorter at the front and sides, but is longer at the back.

Etymology[edit]

According to the Oxford English Dictionary, use of the term mullet to describe this hairstyle was "apparently coined, and certainly popularized, by American hip-hop group the Beastie Boys",[1] who used "mullet" and "mullet head" as epithets in their 1994 song "Mullet Head", combining it with a description of the haircut: "number one on the side and don't touch the back, number six on the top and don't cut it wack, Jack."[2] They expounded on the subject at length in a six-page article entitled "Mulling Over The Mullet" in Issue 2 (1995) of their magazine Grand Royal, offering a selection of alternative names for the cut, including "Hockey Player Haircut" and "Soccer Rocker".[3]

Falsified etymology[edit]

On Slate's Decoder Ring podcast, Willa Paskin discussed the etymology of the term, noting that Oxford English Dictionary credited the Australian Street Machine automotive magazine with the first published description of the term in 1992, predating Beastie Boys.[4][5][6][7][8] Decoder Ring discovered that the magazine image had been faked; in a 2018 apology posted to imgur, the creator had admitted to faking the text, adjusting the magazine dates, and shown proof.[9]

In popular culture claims[edit]

In 2019, Kiefer Sutherland was widely reported,[10][11][12] based on an interview with Yahoo!,[13] to be the unwitting instigator of the style due to the director's requirements for his lead role in the 1987 film The Lost Boys. He also confirmed part of the inspiration for his hairstyle came from Billy Idol. In 2022 press interviews marking the 35th anniversary of the film, Sutherland again recounted the story.[14][15]

Fashion history[edit]

Mullets in antiquity[edit]

A metal figurine, dated back to the 1st-century AD and found during 2018 preparations for a new car park at the Wimpole Estate, England, was hypothesised by archaeologists to indicate that natives in ancient Britain during the Roman occupation could have worn their hair in a similar style to mullets.[16]

In the sixth century, Byzantine scholar Procopius wrote that some factions of young males wore their hair long at the back and cut it short over the forehead. This non-Roman style was termed the 'Hunnic' look.[17][18]

Researcher Alan Henderson describes the ancient hairstyle as useful, as it kept the hair out of the eyes, yet provided warmth and protection for the neck.[19]

Native America[edit]

In Mourt's Relation, author Edward Winslow described the Plymouth pilgrims' first encounter with the Native Americans, Samoset of the Abenaki in 1621:

He was a tall straight man, the hair of his head black, long behind, only short before, none on his face at all; …

1960s[edit]

Tom Jones sported a mullet in two of his three 1965 performances of his hit song "It's Not Unusual" on the Ed Sullivan Show, May 2, 1965 and June 13, 1965.[21][22]

1970s[edit]

David Bowie with a mullet in 1974

Mullets were worn by rock stars David Bowie, Rod Stewart, Keith Richards, and Paul McCartney in the early 1970s.[23][24] When writing Neil Peart's eulogy in January 2020, Greg Prato asserted Peart had a mullet, based on his observations of a 1974 video, further suggesting "he also may have been one of the first rockers to sport another hairstyle – the rattail", based on a 1985 video, "The Big Money".[25]

1980s[edit]

In Australia, the United States and the United Kingdom of the 1980s, mullets were "everywhere", according to Tess Reidy writing at The Guardian in 2019.[26] The 1980s were also the high point of the mullet's popularity in continental Europe.[27]

Also in the 1980s, the mullet became part of lesbian culture, where it came to be used as a way of identifying oneself as a member of that culture in public.[28][29][30][31]

1990s[edit]

A man with a mullet in 1992

After the much-publicized 1992 DC Comics storyline in which Superman apparently died, the character returned in the 1993 follow-up storyline "Reign of the Supermen", in which he was depicted with a mullet.[32] The cancelled Superman film project, Superman Lives, would have depicted Superman with a mullet.[33]

Punk rock band the Vandals sang of the mullets worn by country music singers and guests of The Jerry Springer Show and listed regional names for the style in the 1998 song "I've Got an Ape Drape".[34]

Vocalist Wesley Willis wrote and released the track "Cut the Mullet" in 1998 and frequently performed it at live shows.[35]

2000s[edit]

The 2001 film American Mullet documents the phenomenon of the mullet hairstyle and the people who wear it.[36]

The same year Universal Records (Canada) released the album Mullet Years: Power Ballads, a collection of hard rock ballads.[37]

This hairstyle became popular with the bogan subculture in Australia and New Zealand.[38][39]

2010s[edit]

The mullet was banned in Iran as one style on a list of "un-Islamic", "decadent Western cuts".[40][41]

K-pop artists who have worn mullets include Block B's Zico, Song Min-ho, Nam Joo-hyuk, Byun Baek-hyun, Dean, Stray Kids' Chan and Han, VIXX's N,[42] B.A.P.'s Himchan,[43] Seventeen's Woozi and The8, and BTS's V.[44]

A man showing off the Mullet hairstyle in 2013

The mullet has also experienced a revival within American sports. After winning back-to-back Stanley Cups, Phil Kessel was spotted in Pittsburgh Penguins training camp in September 2017 bringing the mullet back to its native roots of Pittsburgh Hockey. Similarly, Oklahoma State head football coach Mike Gundy wore a mullet starting in early 2017; the popularity of his mullet supposedly earned Oklahoma State millions of dollars in marketing revenue.[45] In addition, from 2010 to 2015, Patrick Kane of the Chicago Blackhawks popularized the "playoff mullet," an alternative to the traditional NHL playoff beard.[46] Current Pittsburgh Steelers running back James Conner began sporting a mullet in 2018, continuing the Yinzer tradition of the hairstyle in Western Pennsylvania.[47]

2020s[edit]

In September 2020, i-D called 2020 "the year of the mullet", attributing its boom in popularity to COVID-19 lockdowns and their closing of hair salons.[48] In an article for Vice Media, the mullet-wearing teenagers interviewed all described getting the haircut as a joke, with one stating "There’s an irony to the mullet haircut. It’s this disgustingly gross haircut, which means it’s definitely worn in an ironic way".[49] Magda Ryczko, founder of the queer-owned barbershop Hairrari in Brooklyn, notes that mullets allow for a professional front facing look for Covid-19 era Zoom meetings, while maintaining a messier, more fun look off camera, when the longer back section of hair may be revealed.[50] An annual national USA Mullet Championship began in 2020.[51][52]

Like many 90s trends, mullets have made their way back into mainstream hair styles. The most popular version is called the mullet fade. The versatility of the taper fade has modernized the classic mullet giving it a cleaner look.[53]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "mullet, n.9". Oxford University Press. OED Online. September 2013.
  2. ^ Mullet Head (Remastered 2009) on YouTube[dead link]
  3. ^ Grand Royal Issue 2, (1995) p. 44
  4. ^ "The Mullet Mystery - Episode 23 - The Oxford Comment". SoundCloud. 3 June 2015. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  5. ^ "OED Appeals: mullet". Oxford Academic (Oxford University Press) Tumblr. 5 April 2015. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  6. ^ "Appeals: mullet | Oxford English Dictionary". Oxford English Dictionary. 22 April 2013. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  7. ^ Thinkmap; Inc. (20 July 2015). "Think of "Mullet" as a 1980s Word? It's Not. : Vocabulary Shout-Out : Thinkmap Visual Thesaurus". visualthesaurus.com. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  8. ^ Levine, Sara (June 2016). "The 'mullet' mystery - Episode 23 - The Oxford Comment | OUPblog". OUPblog. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  9. ^ topsmate (21 April 2018). "An apology to the Oxford English Dictionary". Imgur. Archived from the original on 16 August 2020. Retrieved 20 August 2020. A few years ago I saw a post on reddit about the origin of the word Mullet (the Beastie Boys have the first record of it being used according to the Oxford English Dictionary). I photoshopped a 1992 magazine I had laying around to make it look like it referred to the term Mullet before it was first used in print.... The above photo is the original un-photoshopped Street Machine issue I used, and photoshopped to be a mythical "Jan '92" issue with an edited article within that proved the use of the term Mullet before the beastie boys in 1994. It should be obvious to anyone involved in the OED appeals search that it's the same magazine as the photoshopped version (in one of the images below), and the search can stop and they can save any effort going forward.
  10. ^ The Lost Boys: 10 Behind-The-Scenes Facts About The ‘80s Vampire Movie Cinemablend, 28 September 2019. Retrieved 22 January 2022
  11. ^ Kiefer Sutherland very apologetic about The Lost Boys mullet newsgroove, 24 October 2019. Retrieved 22 January 2022
  12. ^ No, Kiefer Sutherland, You Didn’t Invent the Mullet KLAQ, 25 October 2019. Retrieved 22 January 2022
  13. ^ 'The Lost Boys' star Kiefer Sutherland talks 'violent and gross' deleted scene and inventing the mullet Yahoo!, 24 October 2019. Retrieved 22 January 2022
  14. ^ Kiefer Sutherland Celebrates 35th Anniversary Of ‘The Lost Boys’ "While chatting with ET Canada’s Carlos Bustamante about the 35th anniversary of “The Lost Boys”, Canadian actor Kiefer Sutherland reveals he was blamed for the mullet becoming so popular." MSN, 8 January 2022. Retrieved 22 January 2022
  15. ^ Kiefer Sutherland Celebrates 35th Anniversary Of ‘The Lost Boys’ ET Canada. Retrieved 22 January 2022
  16. ^ "Unearthed figurine suggests ancient Britons favoured mullets". The Guardian. 19 February 2021.(registration required)
  17. ^ Toner, J. P. (2013). Popular Culture in Ancient Rome. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0745654904.
  18. ^ Heather, Peter (4 July 2013). The Restoration of Rome: Barbarian Popes & Imperial Pretenders. ISBN 978-0230772304.
  19. ^ Henderson, Alan (2013). Mullet Madness. Skyhorse.
  20. ^ William Bradford, Edward Winslow (1865). Mourt's Relation, or Journal of the Plantation at Plymouth. Boston: J. K. Wiggin.
  21. ^ Tom Jones (17 October 2020). Tom Jones "It's Not Unusual" (May 2, 1965) on The Ed Sullivan Show (Online video platform). The Ed Sullivan Show. OMbfYOaStU4. Retrieved 2 March 2022.
  22. ^ Tom Jones (3 October 2020). Tom Jones "It's Not Unusual" (June 13, 1965) on The Ed Sullivan Show (Online video platform). The Ed Sullivan Show. 4CyS9wVBNGo. Retrieved 2 March 2022.
  23. ^ Wilson, William (2011). Gobbledygook. p. 166. ISBN 978-1440529252. David Bowie's Ziggy Stardust rocked a mullet, and so did Wings-era Paul McCartney.
  24. ^ Andrew Grant Jackson (2012). Still the Greatest. ISBN 978-0810882232. he sported the mullet that Bowie would as Ziggy Stardust; cousin to the shag popularized by David Cassidy, Florence Henderson, and Rod Stewart. It almost looks cool in those early days, but when McCartney added the mustache ...
  25. ^ Prato, Greg (12 January 2020). "10 Moments That Show the Awesomeness of Rush's Neil Peart". Heavy Consequence. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
  26. ^ "Here's the long and the short of it – mullets are back". the Guardian. 24 August 2019. Retrieved 22 January 2021.(registration required)
  27. ^ "The Greatest Collection of Mullet Hairstyles You Are Ever Likely to See". The Vintage News. 3 October 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2021.
  28. ^ Bianco, Marcie (5 February 2015). "9 Ways Lesbians Have Given Straight Women A Fashion Edge". Curve. Archived from the original on 13 December 2017. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
  29. ^ Johnson, L. A. (7 October 2003). "For 'mulletheads,' it's not just a hairstyle, it's a lifestyle". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
  30. ^ Weitz, Rose (12 January 2005). Rapunzel's Daughters: What Women's Hair Tells Us About Women's Lives. Farrar, Straus and Giroux. ISBN 9781429931137.
  31. ^ Bennett, Conswella (6 June 2011). "Mullets, Flannel, and Hipster Jeans: Lesbian Fashion Now and Then". Edge Media Network.
  32. ^ Kesel, Karl (w), Grummett, Tom (p), Hazelwood, Doug (i). "Reign of the Superman!" The Adventures of Superman 505 (October 1993), DC Comics
  33. ^ The Editors of GQ (25 July 2014). "The Nicolas Cage Superman Documentary Reminds Us of the Man of Steel's Bad Hair Days". GQ. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  34. ^ "I've Got An Ape Drape lyrics". AllTheLyrics.com. Retrieved 3 May 2015.
  35. ^ Loux, Brian (14 September 2001). "Wesley Willis Live". The Tech. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
  36. ^ Rebecca Flint Marx (2008). "American Mullet (2001)". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. Archived from the original on 12 October 2008. Retrieved 3 May 2015.
  37. ^ "Compilations - Mullet Years: Power Ballads CD. Heavy Harmonies Discography".
  38. ^ Passmore, Daryl (13 November 2010). "Bogans of today evolved beyond stunned mullets". The Sunday Mail. Queensland: News Corp Australia.
  39. ^ Stark, Jill (19 December 2015). "Bogan Bingo! Get your mullet and flannies ready, it's bogan time". The Age. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  40. ^ Shahid, Aliyah (6 July 2010). "Iran launches crackdown on Western hairstyles, Culture Ministry bans mullet, ponytails, long hair". Daily News. New York Daily News. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  41. ^ Dweck, Jessica (10 July 2010), "Whence the Mullet? The history of Iran's forbidden haircut", Slate
  42. ^ yckim124 (11 July 2017). "Netizens are afraid the mullet hairstyle is becoming a trend due to idols". allkpop.com. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  43. ^ J. K (21 August 2017). "Update: B.A.P Drops Another Beautiful Trailer For "Honeymoon" - Soompi". Soompi. Viki Inc. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  44. ^ bts fancafe (16 April 2018). "My hair is like this because I want to do it~😊🐯 Please cheer for me and support me. I love you and good night 👍🏻💜". Twitter. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  45. ^ Sherman, Mitch (19 July 2017). "Gundy: Mullet worth 'millions' in OSU marketing". ESPN. Frisco, Texas. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  46. ^ Skrbina, Paul (12 May 2015). "The man behind Patrick Kane's mullet". Chicago Tribune.
  47. ^ Fowler, Jeremy (13 September 2018). "Steelers' James Conner embraces unique haircut, planning more styles". ESPN. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
  48. ^ Lanigan, Roisin (2 September 2020). "2020 is the year of the mullet". i-D. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  49. ^ Smythe, Polly. "Mullets Have Become the Must-Have Haircut at English Private Schools". Vice Media. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  50. ^ "The Queer Rebirth of the Mullet". MEL Magazine. 27 July 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  51. ^ "USA Mullet Championships - Business Up Front & Party In The Back". USA Mullet Championships. Retrieved 11 October 2021.
  52. ^ Breen, Kerry (8 October 2021). "There's a national mullet championship for kids and the finalist photos are priceless". TODAY.com. Archived from the original on 11 October 2021. Retrieved 11 October 2021.
  53. ^ "50 Cool Mullet Hairstyles For Men (2021 Haircut Styles)". Men's Hairstyles Now. 22 May 2020. Retrieved 7 June 2021.

Further reading[edit]

  • Hoskyns, Barhey (2000). The Mullet: Hairstyle of the Gods. Bloomsbury USA. ISBN 1582340641.
  • Henderson, Alan (2007). Mullet Madness!: The Haircut That's Business Up Front and a Party in the Back. Skyhorse Publishing. ISBN 978-1616088606.

External links[edit]