Multi-cylinder engine

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A V6, 24-valve, DOHC engine, an example of a six-cylinder engine.
An M.C.72 V24 engine for an aircraft.

A multi-cylinder engine is a reciprocating internal combustion engine with multiple cylinders. The cylinders and the crankshaft which is driven by and co-ordinates the motion of the pistons can be configured in a wide variety of ways. Multi-cylinder engines offer a number of advantages over single-cylinder engines, chiefly with their ability to neutralize imbalances by having corresponding mechanisms moving in opposing directions during the operation of the engine.[1]

Common configurations[edit]

Two-cylinder engines[edit]

Configurations of two-cylinder engines include:

Three-cylinder engines[edit]

Configurations of three-cylinder engines include:

  • Straight-three engine, also called the inline-triple engine, the most typical three-cylinder internal combustion engine.
  • V3 engine, seen on some two-stroke racing motorcycles.
  • W engine with three cylinders.
  • three cylinder turbocharged engine inline 3 with turbocharged

Four-cylinder engines[edit]

Configurations of four-cylinder engines include:

Five-cylinder engines[edit]

Configurations of five-cylinder engines include:

Six-cylinder engines[edit]

Configurations of six-cylinder engines include:

Eight-cylinder engines[edit]

Configurations of eight-cylinder engines include:

Ten-cylinder engines[edit]

Configurations of ten-cylinder engines include:

Twelve-cylinder engines[edit]

Configurations of twelve-cylinder engines include:

Larger configurations[edit]


  1. ^ Victor Albert Walter Hillier, Peter Coombes, Hillier's Fundamentals of Motor Vehicle Technology, Book 1 (2004), p. 47.