Multi-directional Impact Protection System
Mips (Multi-directional Impact Protection System) is a head-protection system designed to enhance the safety of various helmets. Rotational motion results in shearing and/or stretching of brain tissue and increases the risk of brain injuries. Mips stands for Multi-directional Impact Protection System. The technology was developed by specialists at the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) and a brain surgeon at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, in 1996.
Rotational motion is the result of the brain continuing to move or stretch after the head has come to a quick and sudden stop following an angled impact.
In a helmet equipped with the Mips safety system, a low-friction layer allows the helmet to slide relative to the head, resulting in a reduction of the rotational motion that may otherwise be transmitted to the brain. In this way, the MIPS approach mimics the natural safety system of the human head.
Together with Royal Institute of Technology researcher Peter Halldin, von Holst developed a technology that was designed to provide more effective protection against brain trauma. To evaluate the risk of different types of head injuries and to simulate impacts where a person is wearing a helmet, they used the Finite Element Model (FE Model), developed by Svein Klein, Professor at Sweden’s Royal Institute of Technology (KTH). After thoroughly evaluating the brain anatomy, physiology, and combining their years of testing and expertise, von Holst and Halldin produced what is now known as the MIPS Brain Protection System, a technology that mimics the brain’s own protective structure.
The company MIPS AB was founded in 2001 by five specialists in the biomechanics of the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) in Stockholm, Sweden. Following its inception in 2001, MIPS AB evolved from concept to product, introducing the technology in an equestrian helmet 2007. At that time MIPS had their own helmet model but they changed their business model to be an ingredient brand, offering their product to existing helmet brands. As MIPS grew internationally, it debuted the now instantly recognisable ‘Yellow Dot’ branding in 2009, giving the Stockholm-based company a clear and distinct identity in logo and across all online platforms.
In 2010, MIPS AB expanded into the bike and snow helmet industries, gaining widespread acceptance as both the technology, and awareness of head trauma became increasingly recognised in similarly risky sports.
In early 2014, one of the world’s largest helmet manufacturers, BRG Sports, Inc. and MIPS AB entered into a formal partnership after several years of sharing their technology, offering MIPS’ technology to a much wider global audience. Since then, MIPS AB has added several new brands to its catalog and has expanded to the American, European and Chinese markets.
In the beginning of 2020, MIPS have produced more than 14.2 million layers, are working with 103 brands and there are 583 helmet models that have MIPS BPS inside.
- "Road.cc/all you need to know about MIPS". Road.cc. Retrieved 2020-04-21.
- "Innovation — MIPS History". mipsprotection.com. Retrieved 2020-03-02.
- "MIPS". sweetprotection.com. Retrieved 2020-03-02.
- Mark Sutton (2019-12-19). "The scientific case for helmet safety: data, accuracy, and what we can measure". cyclingindustry.news. Retrieved 2020-04-23.
- "Innovation — FE Model". mipsprotection.com. Retrieved 2020-03-02.
- "MIPS Protection/How MIPS works". mipsprotection.com. Retrieved 2020-03-01.