Multi-hop routing

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A typical multi-hop wireless sensor network architecture
A wireless mesh network architecture allowing otherwise out-of-range nodes 1–4 to still connect to the Internet. A key characteristic is the presence of multiple-hop links and using intermediate nodes to relay packets for others.

Multi-hop routing (or multihop routing) is a type of communication in radio networks in which network coverage area is larger than radio range of single nodes. Therefore, to reach some destination a node can use other nodes as relays.[1]

Since the transceiver is the major source of power consumption in a radio node and long distance transmission requires high power, in some cases multi-hop routing can be more energy efficient than single-hop routing.[2]

Typical applications of multi-hop routing:


  1. ^ Pešović, Uroš M.; Mohorko, Jože J.; Benkič, Karl; Čučej, Žarko F. (23–25 November 2010). "Single-hop vs. Multi-hop – Energy efficiency analysis in wireless sensor networks" (PDF). Srbija, Beograd: Telekomunikacioni forum TELFOR 2010. pp. 471–474. Retrieved 2 June 2017.
  2. ^ Fedor, Szymon; Collier, Martin (2007). "On the problem of energy efficiency of multi-hop vs one-hop routing in Wireless Sensor Networks" (PDF). 21st International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications Workshops (AINAW'07). Retrieved 2 June 2017.