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Multiconfessional countries have a power sharing arrangement between people of different faiths, usually three or more significant confessional groups within the same jurisdiction. Examples of modern countries deemed multiconfessional are Lebanon and Bosnia and Herzegovina. The "National Pact" is a formal agreement altering the 1926 Constitution, which laid the foundation of Lebanon as a confessionalist state. Instead of the minority wielding the most power, political power became more representative.
- Dawahare 1998.
- Sjur Bergan; Hilligje van't Land (2010). Speaking Across Borders: The Role of Higher Education in Furthering Intercultural Dialogue. Council of Europe. pp. 167–. ISBN 978-92-871-6941-9.
- Mary McIntosh; Dan Abele; University of Strathclyde. Centre for the Study of Public Policy (1996). Tolerance for a multiethnic Bosnia-Hercegovina: testing alternative theories. Centre for the Study of Public Policy, University of Strathclyde.
- R. Rabil (12 September 2011). Religion, National Identity, and Confessional Politics in Lebanon: The Challenge of Islamism. Palgrave Macmillan US. ISBN 978-0-230-33925-5.
- Thomas Max Safley (9 June 2011). A Companion to Multiconfessionalism in the Early Modern World. BRILL. ISBN 90-04-20697-3.
- Michael D. Dawahare (1998). Multiconfessionalism, Asabiya, and Civil Society in Lebanon: Toward a Hermeneutic Theory of the Public Sphere in Comparative Studies. University of Kentucky.