Multinational Joint Task Force

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Multinational Joint Task Force
Active1994–present
Countries Benin
 Cameroon
 Chad
 Niger
 Nigeria
TypeMultinational force
RoleCombined operations
Size7,500–10,000
EngagementsBoko Haram insurgency
Websitehttps://www.mnjtf.org
Commanders
Current
commander
Maj. Gen. Lucky Irabor

The Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF) is a combined multinational formation, comprising units, mostly military, from Benin, Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria. It is headquartered in N'Djamena and is mandated to bring an end to the Boko Haram insurgency.

History[edit]

The task force was first organised as a solely Nigerian force in 1994, during the administration of Sani Abacha, to "checkmate banditry activities and to facilitate free movement" along its northern border.[1][2] In 1998 it was expanded to include units from neighbouring Chad and Niger with the purpose of dealing with common cross-border security issues in the Lake Chad region, with its headquarters in the town of Baga, Borno State.[2]

The Islamist insurgency in northern Nigeria intensified in the latter part of the 2000s, and security forces across the region were increasingly directly challenged by jihadist militant groups. Boko Haram and Ansaru were the most active and well known. In April 2012, the MNJTF's mandate was expanded to encompass counter-terrorism operations.[2]

Brig. Gen. Enitan Ransome-Kuti, son of Beko Ransome-Kuti and nephew of the musician Fela Kuti was a previous commander of the force.[1]

Development[edit]

In January 2015 the MNJTF headquarters in Baga, Nigeria, was overrun by militants of Boko Haram, who then proceeded to massacre local residents [2][3] and destroy the town, displacing many citizens.[4] At the time, only Nigerian soldiers were present in the HQ. There were reports that they fled the attackers.[5] It was an ignominious moment for the MNJTF, and indeed the contributing nations. The political process of expanding the MNJTF was reinvigorated and led to swifter progress, including the expansion of troop numbers and mandate, and relocation of the HQ to N'Djamena, Chad.[6][7]

The most significant structural changes for the MNJTF that emerged from the meetings in 2015 were a rise in numbers, the creation of a new Concept of Operations under the supervision of the Lake Chad Basin Commission, and the move of the HQ to N'Djamena. It was agreed that a Nigerian officer would be the Force Commander for the duration of the mission against Boko Haram, with a Cameroonian as Deputy Commander and Chadian Chief of Staff. Major-General Tukur Yusuf Buratai (Nigerian) was appointed first Commander of the rejuvenated MNJTF in May 2015.[8] However, his command was short lived as in July 2015 he was appointed Nigeria's Chief of Army Staff and handed command to Major-General Iliya Abbah (Nigerian) on 31 July 2015.[9] Nigerian Major-General Lamidi Adeosun, was appointed MNJTF Commander in January 2016.[10] Adeosun was in turn replaced as commander by Major-General Lucky Irabor in May 2017.[11]

The Force is structured in four national sectors: Sector 1 (Cameroon) headquartered at Mora; Sector 2 (Chad) headquartered at Baga-Sola; Sector 3 (Nigeria) based in Baga; and Sector 4 (Niger), based in the town of Diffa.[12]

There is still considerable skepticism in the international community that the new force can deliver results,[13] and its success or otherwise as a multinational endeavour will be closely monitored.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Musa, Sagir (7 May 2015). "Multinational Joint Task Forces, BHTs And Host Community". Sahara Reporters. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d "Boko Haram suffers heavy defeat in surprise attack on military base". News Express. 5 January 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
  3. ^ "BBC News - Boko Haram attack: What happened in Baga?". BBC News. Retrieved 11 February 2016.
  4. ^ "Boko Haram displaces 1,636 in Baga". News Express. 7 January 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
  5. ^ Roggio, Bill (4 January 2015). "Boko Haram overruns Multinational Joint Task Force base". Long War Journal. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
  6. ^ Tchioffo Kodjo. "Experts Meeting on the elaboration of operational documents for the Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF) of the Member States of the Lake Chad Basin Commission and Benin against the Boko Haram terrorist group -African Union - Peace and Security Department". African Union,Peace and Security Department. Retrieved 11 February 2016.
  7. ^ "PSC Report - PSC to approve final plans for the regional fight against Boko Haram". ISS Africa. Retrieved 11 February 2016.
  8. ^ Iroegbu, S. (2015) 'Military General Appointed Commander of the MNJTF', This Day (Lagos), 3 June 2015.
  9. ^ Iroegbu, S. (2015) 'Buratai Hands Over MNJTF Command to Abbah', This Day (Lagos), 1 August 2015.
  10. ^ 'New Commander for Troops Fighting Boko Haram Assumes Duty', Premium Times (Abuja), 4 January 2016.
  11. ^ Omonobi, K., Marama, N. & Erunke, J. (2017) 'Massive Shake-Up in Army', Vanguard (Lagos), 11 May 2017.
  12. ^ Assanvo, W., Abatan, J.E.A. & Sawadogo, W.A. (2016) Assessing the Multinational Joint Task Force against Boko Haram. West Africa Report issue 19, Institute for Security Studies, Pretoria, https://issafrica.s3.amazonaws.com/site/uploads/war19.pdf
  13. ^ Peter Dörrie. "The African Union Readies an Army to Fight Boko Haram — War Is Boring". Medium. Retrieved 11 February 2016.
  14. ^ "A Regional Multinational Joint Task Force to Combat Boko Haram". Retrieved 11 February 2016.