Multiple-conclusion logic

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A multiple-conclusion logic is one in which logical consequence is a relation, , between two sets of sentences (or propositions). is typically interpreted as meaning that whenever each element of is true, some element of is true; and whenever each element of is false, some element of is false.

This form of logic was developed in the 1970s by D. J. Shoesmith and Timothy Smiley[1] but has not been widely adopted.

Some logicians favor a multiple-conclusion consequence relation over the more traditional single-conclusion relation on the grounds that the latter is asymmetric (in the informal, non-mathematical sense) and favors truth over falsity (or assertion over denial).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ D. J. Shoesmith and T. J. Smiley, Multiple Conclusion Logic, Cambridge University Press, 1978