Mobile development framework

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A mobile development framework is a software framework that is designed to support mobile app development. It is a software library that provides a fundamental structure to support the development of applications for a specific environment.

Frameworks can be in three categories: native frameworks for platform-specific development, mobile web app frameworks, and hybrid apps, which combine the features of both native and mobile web app frameworks.

History[edit]

With mobile device manufacturers each having its own preferred development environment, a growth mobile phone application developments that are World Wide Web capable and a large population of HTML savvy developers, there has arisen web-based application frameworks to help developers write applications that can be deployed on multiple devices.

March 6, 2008 - the first iPhone SDK beta is released to a limited number of developers (4,000).

March 12, 2008 - the first versions of the QuickConnectJavaScript, QuickConnectPHP, and QuickConnectErlang frameworks made available to the public. These were focused on easing browser - server communication. QuickConnectJavaScript was the basis from which the first versions of QuickConnect for the iPhone were developed.

April 8, 2008 - iPhone OS 2.0b3 Beta 3 is released to the same set of developers. Lee Barney begins development of QuickConnect for the iPhone as a hybrid application framework. This is the first iPhone SDK release that included the UIWebView component. This component allows applications to display HTML and CSS pages and run JavaScript. No database support was included at this time. QuickConnect for the iPhone development began. It was a port and partial re-write of the earlier QuickConnectJavaScript 1.0 framework that had been made available in March of the same year.

May 23, 2008 - Lee Barney publishes a seminal posting 'UIWebView Example Code' on the tetontech blog describing and providing source code on how to call from JavaScript to Objective-C and from Objective-C back up to JavaScript. This posting has had over 60,000 hits.

May 29, 2008 - iPhone OS 2.0b6 Beta 6 is released. This is the first version of the UIWebView that included SQLite database support.

July 11, 2008 - iPhone OS 2.0 and the first release version of the iPhone SDK released. All developers could now download the SDK if they registered.

August 2008 iPhoneDevCamp in San Francisco - Nitobi begins development of PhoneGap.

November 11, 2008 - A port of QuickConnect made available for Mac desktop and laptop systems.

December 16, 2008 - version 1.0 of QuickConnect for the iPhone released. This included support for embedded Google maps, geolocation, SQLite support both in the browser and with installed databases, an AJAX wrapper, drag-and-drop, phone, email, audio file recording and playing, as well as other features.

January 16, 2009 - version 1.0 beta 1 of QuickConnect for Android released. This release was an eclipse project that could be imported by the user into their workspace.

August 29, 2009 - version 1.5 of QuickConnect for the iPhone released.

November 11, 2009 - version 1.6 beta 6 of the QuickConnect family made available. This included the first support for Palm WebOS. This support was provided by an Xcode template that would build, install, and run the application into the PalmWebOS emulator. An Xcode template for Android 2.0 was also added. This template would build for both the emulator and the Android app store as well as install and run the application on the Android emulator. Templates were now available for the iPhone, Android, and Palm webOS mobile devices.

Current frameworks[edit]

Framework License Framework target Development languages Target platform Other device support Without recompiling development Enterprise data synchronization Multi-threaded applications File uploading Image library browsing In application email Application distribution support Distribution analytics Self-contained, no web required Web services Mobile APIs support Able to access the web for data Geolocation support Vibration support Accelerometer support Sound (play) support Sound (record) support Camera support Zeroconf (Bonjour) support XMPP support File system IO support Gesture / Multi-touch support Device Motion Event (accelerometer) support Device orientation event (accelerometer) support Native date/time picker support SMS support Telephone support Maps support Orientation change support Contact support SQLite support Native language application development support Graph library support
Codename One GPL Native and web application Java, Kotlin Android, iOS Desktop, Web Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes (external) Yes (external) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Flutter BSD-3-Clause Native, embedded applications Dart Android, iOS, Fuchsia Windows, macOS, Linux
Kivy MIT Embedded and enterprise applications Python iOS, Android Linux, macOS, Windows No ? Partial (Python-based.) Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes ? Yes (In progress) Yes No (On roadmap) No Yes No No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No Yes Yes No Yes No
Pega AMP Commercial Hybrid, native and enterprise applications HTML5, CSS3, JavaScript, Java, Native code or a combination of both iOS, Android - No Yes Yes No No No Yes Yes Yes, Offline Support Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes, via Cordova Yes, via Cordova Yes, via Cordova or HTML5 Audio Yes, via Cordova Yes, via Cordova Yes, via Cordova Yes, via Cordova Yes Yes, via Cordova Yes, via Cordova ? ? Yes Yes Yes Yes, via Cordova Yes, based on device support Yes Compatible with other libraries
RhoMobile Suite MIT Embedded applications JavaScript, Ruby iOS, Android Windows Phone, Windows 10, Windows CE/Mobile ? Yes, via RhoConnect Yes, via Ruby Yes Yes ? Yes, via RhoGallery No Yes Yes (REST or SOAP with JSON or XML) ? Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? Yes ? ? Yes ? ? Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes, via Rhodes extensions Yes, via HTML5 SVG or Canvas
React Native MIT Native applications Javascript with ES6 syntax support Android, iOS Web, Windows, Linux, macOS Yes Yes Yes Yes, via Linking API
Ionic MIT Hybrid applications JavaScript Android, iOS Windows, Web
Xamarin MIT Native applications C# iOS, Android tvOS, watchOS, macOS, and Windows
Titanium SDK Apache Native applications JavaScript Android, iOS macOS Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Kotlin Multiplatform Mobile[1] Kotlin Android, iOS

Discontinued and obsolete framework[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kotlin Multiplatform for Cross-Platform Mobile Development". Kotlin Multiplatform Mobile. Retrieved 2022-10-18.