Multiple units of Ireland

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A wide variety of diesel and electric multiple units have been used on Ireland's railways. This page lists all those that have been used. Except with the NIR Class 3000 the numbers given by each class in the lists below are those allocated to the coaches that make up the units in that class, otherwise unit numbers are not used in Ireland.


8106/8306 at the level crossing at Bray Daly

Córas Iompair Éireann (CIÉ), which controlled the Republic's railways between 1945 and 1987, mainly used locomotives and hauled stock for its passenger trains. What diesel multiple unit cars it did have were numbered in the 26xx series. Since 1987, Iarnród Éireann (IÉ) has been increasing the use of this type of train, to replace older locomotives and carriages. The only electrified railway network in Ireland is the Dublin Area Rapid Transit (DART) system, in addition to the Luas which runs on a separate network. Its fleet of electric multiple units are numbered in the 8xxx series.

Diesel Multiple Units[edit]

Class Manufacturer In service Withdrawn Image
2600 Class (I) AEC 1952–1987 1987 Geograph-1660973-by-Aubrey-Dale.jpg,
80 Class BREL 1987–1990
Hired from NIR
1990 IE80Class.jpg
2600 Class (II) Tokyu Car Corporation 1993–present Cobh Station August 2011.JPG
2700 Class GEC Alsthom 1998–2012 2012 2722 irishrail.jpg
2750 Class GEC Alsthom 1998–2012 2012 IE DMU 2751.JPG
2800 Class Tokyu Car Corporation 2000–present IE 2800 Class.jpg
29000 Class CAF 2002–present Iarnrod Eireann Class 2900.jpg
22000 Class Hyundai Rotem 2007–present DMU IE-22000 Limerick-Colbert.jpg

Electric Multiple Units[edit]

Class Manufacturer In service Withdrawn Image
8100 Class Linke-Hofmann-Busch 1984–present Dart-8306-00.jpg
8200 Class GEC Alsthom 2000–2008 2008 DART Unit 8203.jpg
8500 Class Tokyu Car Corporation 2000–present Howth Junction railway station in 2007.jpg
8510 Class Tokyu Car Corporation 2001–present 8700 EMU - 8614.jpg
8520 Class Tokyu Car Corporation 2004–present DART Connolly.jpg

Northern Ireland[edit]

3005 stands at Belfast Central

The majority of passenger services in Northern Ireland have been operated by diesel multiple units since the mid-1950s (the major exception being the locomotive-hauled Enterprise service between Belfast and Dublin), under the tenure of both the Ulster Transport Authority (1948–1966) and Northern Ireland Railways (since 1967). From 2001, all items of rolling stock in use on NIR had 8000 added to their number so as to be part of the Translink number series, which incorporates their road vehicles. The 3000 Class stock are the first multiple units to be numbered from new in the Translink series. NIR purchased an additional 20 Class 4000 DMUs which entered service in 2011 and 2012.

Class Manufacturer Number Built In Service Withdrawn Image
AEC Class UTA Works 1951-1972 1972
MED Class UTA Works 14 x 3-car sets 1952-1978 1978 Delayed train, Lisburn - - 1087236.jpg
MPD Class UTA Works 2 x 5-car sets
10 × 3 car sets
1958-1981 1981 Lisburn railway station (4) - - 511723.jpg
70 Class UTA Works 8 x 3-car sets 1966-1986 1986 Permanent way train, Larne - - 1088463.jpg
Class 80 BREL 22 x 2/3-car sets 1974-2012 2012 Derriaghy railway station in 2004.jpg
RB3 BREL/Leyland 1 x single car 1983-1989 1989 NIR RB3 Ballymena Geograph-2091774.jpg
Class 450 BREL 9 x 3-car sets 1985-2012 2012 Downshire railway station in 2008.jpg
Class 3000 CAF 23 x 3-car sets 2005-present Lisburn railway station in 2007.jpg
Class 4000 CAF 20 x 3/4-car sets 2011-present Geograph-2739196-by-Albert-Bridge.jpg

Great Northern Railway (Ireland)[edit]

The Great Northern Railway (Ireland) straddled the border between the Republic and Northern Ireland, and so was not incorporated in either the CIE or UTA. However, mounting losses saw the network purchased jointly by the Irish and British governments on 1 September 1953. It was run as a joint board, independent of the CIE and UTA, until 30 September 1958 when it was dissolved and the remaining stock split equally between the two railways.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]