Mumbai Dadar–Solapur section
|Mumbai Dadar–Solapur section|
|System||Electrified with 25kV AC from Mumbai CST till Bhigwan; beyond that electrification only after doubling|
|Depot(s)||Kalyan, Pune, Lonavla|
=historic stock=WCG-2, WCM-1, WCM-2, WCM-3, WCM-4, WCM-5, WCP-1, WCP-2, WCP-3, and WCP-4 electric locomotives.
|Track length||Main line: 446 km (277 mi)
Kurduvadi-Latur 153 km (95 mi)
Kurduvadi-Miraj 190 km (118 mi)
|Number of tracks||Main line: 2 up to Daund; the rest being doubled|
|Track gauge||1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge|
|Electrification||1.5 kV DC overhead system in 1930 for Kalyan-Pune sector|
|Operating speed||Main line: up to 130 km/h|
|Highest elevation||Lonavla 622 metres (2,041 ft)|
|Mumbai Dadar–Solapur section|
The south-eastern section of Central Line of Mumbai Suburban Railway runs from Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus to Palasdari along the Western Coastal Plains crossing the Thane Creek. Thereafter, it faces the Western Ghats.
The Western Ghats presented a big obstacle to the railway engineers in the 1860s. As of now it stretches from Palasdari to Khandala, a distance of 22 km (14 mi). The summit of the Bhor Ghat (earlier spelt as Bhore Ghat) incline being 2,027 feet. The maximum gradient was: 1 in 37 with extreme curvature. "The works on the Bhore ghat comprised 25 tunnels of a total length of nearly 4,000 yards, two of the longest being 435 yards and 341 yards respectively. The Bhore ghat have eight lofty viaducts having a total length of 2,961 feet. Two of the largest are more than 500 feet long with a maximum height of 1160 and 163 feet. There are 22 bridges of spans from 7 to 30 feet and 81 culverts of various sizes." On 25 January 1869 a runaway train on the Bhore Ghat derailed and crashed after failing to be stopped by a catch siding, and was made (in)famous by pictures in the Illustrated London News.
At the edge of the Western Ghats, the hills and valleys around Lonavla and Khandala attract large number of tourists.
Pimpri-Chinchwad is a large industrial zone in the Pune area. Industrialisation of the zone started with the setting up in 1954 of the Hindustan Antibiotics at Pimpri. As of 2013, 6195 industries including 54 large scale 621 medium scale and 5520-small scale industries are in existence. The zone houses several major automotive units and all the major information technology units amongst other industries.
The first train in India from Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus in Mumbai to Thane ran on 16 April 1853 on a track laid by the Great Indian Peninsula Railway. The GIPR line was extended to Kalyan in 1854 and then on the south-east side to Khopoli via Palasdari railway station at the foot of the Western Ghats in 1856. While construction work was in progress across the Bhor Ghat, GIPR opened to public the Khandala-Pune track in 1858. The Bhor Ghat incline connecting Palasdari to Khandala was completed in 1862, thereby connecting Mumbai and Pune. GIPR extended its line to Raichur in 1871 and met the line of Madras Railway thereby establishing direct Mumbai-Chennai link.
The Pune-Raichur sector of the Mumbai-Chennai line was opened in stages: the portion from Diksal in Pune to Barshi Road was opened in 1859, from Barshi Road to Mohol in 1860 and from Mohol to Solapur also in 1860. Work on the line from Solapur southwards was begun in 1865.
Barsi Light Railway was a 202-mile (325 km) long, 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) wide railway from Kurduwadi to Latur. It was opened in 1897 on a 22-mile (35 km) long railway track from Barsi Road to Barsi, and extended in stages. The narrow gauge line from Barsi Road to Pandharpur was extended to Miraj in 1927.
Gauge conversion from 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) to 5 ft 6 in (1,676 mm) of the Miraj-Latur track and extension of the new line to Latur Road was taken up in 1992 and completed in stages. The last phase of the 375-kilometre (233 mi) long project was completed in 2008.
The Kalyan-Pune section was electrified with 1.5 kV DC overhead system in 1930. As of October 2016, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, Mumbai-Daund section is completely on 25 kV AC overhead system. Railway tracks beyond Daund are nearing completion with electrification till Bhigwan.
There are still major roadblocks while electrifying the track beyond Bhigwan. The focus is to first double the lines all the way till Mohol and also after Solapur towards Gulbarga. Electrification would follow that. One of the biggest challenges is to eliminate the scissors crossing at Pophlaj, Bablad and Hunsihadgil which have been weirdly built on elevated mud embankments - a result of bad planning. These scissors crossings tend to waste a lot of time for trains as they first enter a loop and then reverse to the far end of the loop and once the main line train crosses they are allowed to enter the main line - a sheer wastage of time. Doubling and electrification should eliminate all these technical issues.
The Kalyan-Pune-Daund-Wadi-Secunderabad-Kazipet line and the Wadi-Raichur-Arrakonam-Chennai Central line are classified as 'Group B' lines and can take speeds up to 130 km/h.
The railway track in the Daund-Wadi sector is being doubled at a cost of Rs. 700 crore. This is expected to help in raising the speed limit from 130 km/h to 140 km/h.
Kalyan diesel loco shed houses WDM-2, WDM-3A, WDM-3D, WDP 4D, WDG-3A and WDG-4 locos. Kalyan electric loco shed houses WAP-7, WCAM-2, WCAM-3, WCAG-1, WAG-5, WAG-7 and WAG-9 locos. Pune diesel loco shed houses 175+ locos. These include WDM-2, WDM-3A, WDM-3D, WDG-3A, WDP-4D and WDG-4 locos. Pune trip shed houses WAP-4, WAP-5, WAP-7, WCAM-2/2P, WCAM-3 and WCAG-1 locos. Pune has one trip shed for WDS-4 shunters and another for Pune-Lonavla EMUs. Lonavla has an AC trip shed for Bhor Ghat bankers. Kurduwadi had a narrow gauge diesel loco shed for Barsi Light Railway. The shed was closed down after conversion of the narrow gauge railway.
Kurduwadi Workshop was set up for repair of narrow gauge steam locomotives, coaches and wagons by Barsi Light Railway in 1930. With the reduction in narrow gauge rolling stock, the Workshop has taken up new activities as per requirements. Kurduwadi Workshop now undertakes rehabilitation of 20 broad gauge wagons per month.
- Hazrat Nizamuddin Pune Duronto Express - from Kalyan to Pune
- Pune - Nagpur Garib Rath Express - Diverts to Manmad from Daund
- Pune Secunderabad Shatabdi Express
- Secunderabad Mumbai CSMT Duronto Express
- Mumbai CSMT-Solapur
- Deccan Express
- Deccan Queen Superfast Express
- Indrayani Superfast Express
- Koyna Express - Diverts to Kolhapur from Pune
- Mahalaxmi Express - Diverts to Kolhapur from Pune
- Mumbai Pune Intercity Superfast Express
- Pragati Superfast Express
- Sahyadri Express - Diverts to Kolhapur from Pune
- Sinhagad Express
- Azad Hind Express - Diverts to Manmad from Daund
- Hutatma Express
- Pune - Patliputra Express - Diverts to Manmad from Daund
- Pune Solapur Intercity Superfast Express
- Latur Express- Latur to Mumbai CST
- Chalukya Express - Diverts to Hubli from Pune
- Dadar Chennai Egmore Express
- Goa Express - Uses Pune Daund Section
- Hussainsagar Express
- Hyderabad Mumbai Express
- Konark Express
- Kanyakumari Mumbai Express
- Maharashtra Express - Uses Pune Daund Section
- Mumbai CSMT Chennai Express
- Mumbai Chennai Mail
- Udyan Express
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