University of Mumbai
|Motto||Sanskrit: शीलवृतफला विद्या|
Motto in English
|"The Fruit of Learning is Good Character and Righteous Conduct"|
|Established||18 July 1857|
|Chancellor||C. Vidyasagar Rao|
|Location||Mumbai, Maharashtra, India|
|Affiliations||UGC, NAAC, AIU|
The University of Mumbai is one of the first three state universities in India and the oldest in Maharashtra. It is located in the city of Mumbai in the state of Maharashtra. It is abbreviated "MU" (for Mumbai University).
The University of Mumbai offers Bachelors, Masters and Doctoral degrees apart from diplomas and certificates in many disciplines. The language of instruction for most courses is English. A majority of private colleges are also affiliated to MU. One of its two campuses in Mumbai is located in Kalina, Santacruz. The campus houses academic and administrative departments. Another campus located in Fort carries out administrative work only. Several world-renowned institutes in Mumbai were affiliated to the university. Most of them are now autonomous institutes or deemed universities. The University of Mumbai is one of the largest universities in the world in terms of the number of students. In 2011 the total number of enrolled students was 549,432. It has 711 affiliated colleges.
The University of Mumbai was established in 1857 after a petition from the Bombay Association to the then British government of India according to "Wood's despatch", drafted by Sir Charles Wood in 1854. It was modelled on the universities in Great Britain, specifically University of London. The founding faculties were the faculty of arts at Elphinstone College (founded in 1835) and faculty of medicine at Grant Medical College (founded in 1845), as these colleges pre-dated the university and surrendered their degree granting privileges to the new university. The first degrees awarded in 1862 were the bachelor of arts and the licentiate in medicine. Initially, the Town Hall building was used for the Mumbai University offices. Until 1904 the university was purely an exam conducting and affiliating body which developed and dictated curricula to the colleges. Teaching departments, research disciplines and post-graduate courses were added later. Several university departments were established, starting with the School of Sociology and Civics and Politics. After India achieved independence in 1947, the functions and powers of the university were sought to be reorganised, for which The Bombay University Act of 1953 was passed. The name of the University has been changed from "University of Bombay " to "University of Mumbai" as per a gazette of the Government of Maharashtra dated 4 September 1996.
In 1949, student enrolment was 42,272 with 80 affiliated colleges. By 1975, these numbers had grown to 156,190 and 114 respectively.
The University has two campuses in Mumbai. The Kalina campus, located in suburban Mumbai, spans an area of 230 acres (approx. 930,777 m²), the Fort campus 13 acres (approx. 52,609 m²) . It has 1.25 million square feet (381,000 m²) of built-up area, 22,000 square feet (6,705.6 m²) of classrooms, and 84,000 square feet (25,603.2 m²) of laboratory space. It has two post-graduate centres, 354 affiliated colleges, and 36 departments.[when?]
The Kalina campus has on-campus graduate training and research centres. Several departments offering courses in the streams of science, technology, commerce, and humanities are located here. However, most colleges of engineering and medicine affiliated to the University of Mumbai are privately owned. The university does not have its own engineering and medicine departments.
An indicative list of centres and institutes located in the Kalina Campus:
- Examination House, also known as Mahatma Jyotirao Phule Bhavan. It houses the office of the Controller of Examinations. The central assessment of answer books of various faculties is carried out in a separate four storey annex building. The Exam house has initiated new processes using information technology in the regime of vice chancellor Dr. Rajan Welukar. Online delivery of question papers for the examinations, assessment of answer books by scanning and deploying at remote centres are worth mentioning. In 2015, the convocation was held at university and the convocation certificate distribution programmes were conducted at different affiliated colleges simultaneously. The academic depository of the university has been started since 18 June 2015.
- National Center for Nanosciences and Nanotechnology — a research facility
- Department of Biophysics, the only department of its kind in western India.
- Jawaharlal Nehru Library
- Garware Institute of Career Education and Development. It offers courses including one in medical transcription and management courses such as agriculture business management, pharma management and tourism management.
- MUST (मस्त ) FM, the campus radio station of the university operates from here at 107.8 MHz.
- Alkesh Dinesh Mody Numismatic Museum. It displays currency from around the world belonging to many periods.
- Alkesh Dinesh Mody Institute for Financial and Management Studies (ADMI). It offers BMS, MFSM and MMS programmes.
- Department of Extra Mural Studies. It conducts weekend courses in many disciples including astronomy, astrophysics, plant and animal taxonomy, hobby robotics, and hobby electronics.
- The Institute of Distance & Open Learning (IDOL) offers distance learning courses in humanities, sciences, commerce, computer science, and information technology.
- Western Regional Instrumentation Centre (WRIC) is a research and training facility for instrumentation engineering and science.
- Centre for African Studies
- Centre for Eurasian Studies
- A rose garden where more than a hundred varieties of rose have been cultivated.
- Marathi Bhasha Bhavan Centre for learning the Marathi language conducts academic activities and cultural activities associated with the language.
The University of Bombay was established in 1857 at the Fort campus, which is located near the southern end of Mumbai. It houses the administrative division of the university. It is built in the Gothic style of architecture. The Rajabai clock tower stands in the lawns of the campus.
Rajabai Clock Tower
One of Mumbai's landmarks, the Rajabai Clock Tower houses the university library. Based on plans by British architect Sir George Gilbert Scott and completed in the 1870s, it was modelled on the Big Ben clock tower of London. Businessman Premchand Roychand contributed monetarily to the construction of the tower. It was named in memory of his mother Rajabai. It is 280 feet tall, with five storeys. At a height of 30 feet from the ground, there are eight statues representing the Indian castes. The tower clock is reported to have played 16 tunes including Rule, Britannia. During the past 135 years no work to clean up the stone masonry, repair the wear and tear was taken. With the initiative of the then Vice Chancellor Dr. Rajan Welukar the first phase of restoration of Rajabai Clock Tower was completed in May 2015. TCS gave Rs 4 crore grant for the first phase of restoration project.
A minor campus running mostly extramural courses is located in the town of Ratnagiri.
Several departments of the University of Mumbai are at places other than the Fort or Kalina campuses. These include the departments of Medicine and Medical Research located in several prominent hospitals in Mumbai, such as the Tata Memorial Hospital, Bombay Hospital and G.S. Medical College and King Edward Memorial Hospital and formerly included the Institute of Chemical Technology, then known as the UDCT, which later became a deemed university. and Tata Memorial Hospital, which is now affiliated to the Homi Bhabha National Institute.
Similarly, as per the information available on the website of the Directorate of Technical Education of Maharashtra, Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute was the first Engineering Institute under the University of Mumbai (1887) and Thadomal Shahani Engineering College was the first Engineering college in the University of Mumbai to start courses in Computer Engineering, Information Technology, Electronics Engineering and Biomedical Engineering.
Under the department of Law, Government Law College, Mumbai remains the most prominent institute since the university's inception.
The Institute of Chemical Technology was ranked 4th in the world for research in Chemical Engineering by professor Jude Sommerfeld of Georgia Institute of Technology, USA in 2014 for a 5-year period. It was a university department until it was conferred the deemed university status.
The Department of Management Studies of the University of Mumbai i.e. the Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies is consistently ranked among the top 10 management institutes of India and was established in the year 1965 in collaboration with Stanford Graduate School of Business of Stanford University.
On an average, most of the top 10 colleges in their respective streams of education under UoM, have an acceptance rate of 10% or less.
Jawaharlal Nehru Library
Jawaharlal Nehru Library (JNL) is the central library, located in the campus at Kalina. Most books in the library are on the basic sciences, social sciences, and behavioural sciences.
The technology and applied research journals and books of the University of Mumbai are kept at other libraries including those at Institute of Chemical Technology, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies, and Tata Memorial Hospital. The University of Mumbai collection comprises more than a million books, documents, and scientific journals.
Faculties and Departments
University of Mumbai has several hundred affiliated colleges offering undergraduate and post-graduate education, and conducting research, in areas of science, commerce, arts, engineering, management, law, etc. Each college has its own campus and specialized departments/centres.
The university itself also has some centres, institutes and departments in its faculties, on its campuses in Fort, Kalina, etc.
Areas of education and research are summarized in the table below:
|Faculty||Departments / Centres / Institutes|
|Engineering / Technology||
|Institutes & Centers||
- John Wilson 1857
- Raymond West
- Sir Alexander Grant, 10th Baronet, 1863–1868
- William Guyer Hunter 1869
- Herbert Mills Birdwood
- Kashinath Trimbak Telang, 1892–1893
- Ramkrishna Gopal Bhandarkar, 1893–1894
- N. G. Chandavarkar 1911−1912
- Sir John Heaton 1912-1915
- Sir Pherozeshah Mehta 1915-
- Mirza Akbar Khan, 1930–31
- R. P. Paranjpe, 1934
- Pandurang Vaman Kane
- John Matthai, 1955–1957
- V. R. Khanolkar, 1960–1963
- Dr. Shashikant Karnik
- M. D. Bengalee, 1986
- Dr. Trimbak Krishna Tope, 1971-1977
- Dr. (Smt.) Snehalata Deshmukh, −2000
- Bhalchandra Mungekar, 2000–2005
- Dr. Vijay Kholeee, 2005 – September 2009
- Dr. (Smt.) Chandra Krishnamurthy, September 2009– July 2010, Acting Vice Chancellor
- Dr. Rajan Welukar, July 2010– July 2015
- Dr Sanjay V Deshmukh, July 2015 - present 
- Lokmanya Tilak – Maker of modern India, Indian nationalist leader, savant, philosopher, mathematician and advocate of "Swaraj" (self-rule).
- Homi J. Bhabha, F.R.S – A nuclear physicist who had a major role in the development of the Indian atomic energy program.
- B. R. Ambedkar – Architect of modern India and author of the Constitution of India, social reformist and thinker.
- Mahatma Gandhi – Leader of Indian Independence Movement and Father of the Nation of India
- John Samuel Malecela – 6th Prime Minister of Tanzania from 1990–1994.
- Morarji Desai – 5th Prime Minister of India
- Lal Krishna Advani – Former Deputy Prime Minister of India
- Pratibha Patil – 12th President of India
- Shivraj Patil – Governor of Punjab and former Home Minister of India
- Yashwantrao Chavan - 1st Chief Minister of Maharashtra and 5th Deputy Prime Minister of India
- Sushilkumar Shinde - Former Home Minister of India
- Manohar Joshi - Former Chief Minister of Maharashtra
- Raj Thackeray - Founder, Leader and Chairperson of the Maharashtra Navnirman Sena
- Chaggan Bhujbal – Minister of Public Works Department and former Deputy Chief Minister, Government of Maharashtra
- P. L. Deshpande - Writer, Actor, Music Composer, Film and Television Producer and Director
- Sir Chinubhai Madhowlal Ranchhodlal, 2nd Baronet
- Sir Pherozeshah Mehta, KCIE - Indian political leader, activist, and a leading lawyer of Mumbai
- Sir Manubhai Mehta - Dewan of Baroda state; Prime Minister of Bikanir (Bikaner state).
- Gopal Krishna Gokhale, CIE - Founding social and political leader during the Indian Independence Movement
- Bhulabhai Desai - Indian independence activist and acclaimed lawyer
- Dadabhai Naoroji - Intellectual, educator, cotton trader, and an early Indian political leader, being the first Asian to sit in the British House of Commons.
- Jamsetji Tata - Founder of Tata group and the Indian Institute of Science
- Dorabji Tata - Former chairman of Tata group
- Adi Godrej - Chairman of Godrej Group
- Azim Premji - Chairman of Wipro Limited
- Mushtak Ali Kazi – Judge, High Court of Sindh & Balochistan, Pakistan.
- Kona Prabhakara Rao – Governor of Maharashtra, Lt. Governor of Pondicherry, Governor of Sikkim, Finance Minister of Andhra Pradesh, Speaker of AP State Assembly
- Ahmed Hussain A Kazi – Secretary to Government of Pakistan and Chairman Pakistan Industrial Development Corporation
- Mahadev Govind Ranade – Distinguished Indian scholar, social reformer and author
- Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan – Space scientist and former head of the Indian Space Research Organization
- Raja Ramanna - Indian nuclear scientist
- Shreeram Shankar Abhyankar – Indian American mathematician known for his contributions to algebraic geometry amd former Marshall distinguished professor and chair of mathematics at Purdue University
- Man Mohan Sharma, F.R.S – Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan, Former Director of UDCT
- M. G. K. Menon, F.R.S – Physicist and Former Director of Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
- M. S. Narasimhan, F.R.S – Mathematician and recipient of Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize (1975)
- M. S. Raghunathan, F.R.S – Mathematician and recipient of Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize, Padma Shri, Padma Bhushan
- C. S. Seshadri, F.R.S – Mathematician and recipient of Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize
- Klaus Klostermaier, F.R.S.C. - Professor Emeritus at the University of Manitoba, Scholar of Indian Studies
- R.A. Mashelkar, F.R.S – Former Director General of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
- Jagdish Bhagwati – University Professor of Economics at Columbia University
- Raghavan Narasimhan – Mathematician and Professor at University of Chicago
- Homi K. Bhabha - Anne F. Rothenberg Professor of English and American Literature and Language and Director of the Humanities Center, Harvard University
- Chandrashekhar Khare - Professor of mathematics at the University of California Los Angeles
- D. Raghavarao - Statistician and Laura H. Carnell professor and chair of statistics at Temple University
- Madhav Gadgil - Ecologist and Professor at Indian Institute of Science
- Abhas Mitra – Head of theoretical astrophysics at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
- Mustansir Barma - Director of Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
- Doraiswami Ramkrishna - Harry Creighton Peffer Distinguished Professor of Chemical Engineering at Purdue University
- Anil Kakodkar – Director of BARC and Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission and Secretary to the Government of India, Department of Atomic Energy
- Bal Dattatreya Tilak - Former Director of National Chemical Laboratory and recipient of Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize, Padma Bhushan
- Avtar Saini – Former Director for South Asia Region, Intel and one of the pioneers of the Pentium-series processors
- Vijay Gupchup – Former Pro Vice Chancellor of the University of Mumbai, Ex-Chairman of the Research Council of Structural Engg. Research Centre in Chennai and Ex-Chairman of the National Board of Accreditation, AICTE, New Delhi
- Salim Ali - Indian ornithologist and naturalist
- Nissim Ezekiel – Indian poet (English language)
- Renuka Ramnath – Founder & CEO of Multiples Private Equity, Ex CEO of ICICI Ventures
- Chanda Kochhar - CEO and MD of ICICI Bank
- Jagdish Chandra Mahindra - Industrialist, founder of Mahindra Group
- Mukesh Ambani – Chairman and MD, Reliance Industries
- Anil Ambani - Chairman of Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group
- Nita Ambani - Founder and chairperson of the Dhirubhai Ambani International School
- Anji Reddy – Founder, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories, Padma Shri
- Keki Hormusji Gharda – Founder, Gharda Chemicals
- Pankaj Patel - Chairman and MD of Cadila Healthcare
- Homai Vyarawalla – First woman photojounalist of India, Padma Vibushan
- Anant Pai – Publisher of Indian books for children especially the series Amar Chitra Katha
- Narotam Sekhsaria - Co-founder and Chairman, Ambuja Cements
- H.N. Sethna - Former Chairman, Atomic Energy Commission
- Srinivas - South Indian playback singer
- Dwarkanath Kotnis – A well-known doctor in China who helped Chinese communists army during the World War II.
- Dadasaheb Phalke - Indian producer-director-screenwriter, known as the father of Indian cinema
- Ebrahim Alkazi – Theatre director, Padma Vibhushan
- John Abraham - Bollywood actor
- Madhuri Dixit - Popular Indian Actress
- Priyanka Chopra - Miss World 2000, Bollywood actress
- Aishwarya Rai - Miss World 1993, actress
- Urmila Matondkar - Well-known Indian Actress
- Lara Dutta – Miss Universe in 2000
- Anand Patwardhan – Indian documentary film-maker
- Sunil Gavaskar – Indian cricketer
- Smita Patil – Indian film actress
- Shabana Azmi – Indian film actress
- Genelia D'souza - Indian film actress
- Edward Hamilton Aitken – humorist, naturalist
- Ramakrishna Gopal Bhandarkar – Oriental scholar and social reformer, first batch graduate, later vice-chancellor
- Acacio Gabriel Viegas – Medical practitioner credited with the discovery of the outbreak of bubonic plague in Mumbai, India in 1896.
- Georg Bühler – Scholar of ancient Indian languages and law, fellow of University of Mumbai
- Swati Dandekar - United States politician, Iowa House of Representatives
- Indira Viswanathan Peterson – Professor of Asian Studies and editor of the Norton Anthology of World Masterpieces.
- S. K. Venkataranga – lawyer and associate of Gandhi
- G.S. Maddala – American economist and mathematician
- Harish Kapadia – Himalayan Mountaineer and recipient of Patron's Medal of the Royal Geographic Society
- Mehli Mehta – Indian conductor of European classical music
- Zubin Mehta - Musical conductor of Western classical music
- Manil Suri – Indian mathematician and writer.
- Kashinath Trimbak Telang – Indian judge and oriental scholar.
- B.N. Srikrishna – Indian jurist and a Judge of the Supreme Court of India.
- Madhav Das Nalapat – Holder of the UNESCO Peace Chair.
- P. N. Bhagwati – Chief Justice of India (1985–1986)
- H. J. Kania - First Chief Justice of India
- Vasundhara Raje – Chief Minister of the state of Rajasthan, India.
- Jayant Patil – Minister of Rural Development, Government of Maharashtra
- Ranjan Ghosh – Indian screenwriter and director Aparna Sen's first co-author.
- Vidya Balan – Indian actress based in Mumbai, India.
- Gangadhar Gadgil – Marathi fiction writer.
- Rafiq Zakaria – Indian politician and Islamic scholar.
- Pandurang Vaman Kane – Indologist and Sanskrit scholar and former Vice Chancellor of University of Mumbai
- Mancherjee Bhownagree – British politician of Indian Parsi heritage.
- Nanabhoy Palkhivala – Indian jurist and economist.
- M. C. Chagla - Indian jurist, diplomat, and Cabinet Minister who served as Chief Justice of the Bombay High Court
- Sucheta Dalal – Business journalist from Mumbai, India.
- Sonakshi Sinha - Indian Actress.
- Kareena Kapoor Khan - Indian Actress (dropout).
- Thrity Umrigar – Journalist and author from Mumbai, India.
- Aditi Govitrikar - Mrs World 2000
- Zakir Naik – Muslim preacher on comparative religion.
- Sanjeev Naik – MP from Thane.
- Praful Patel – MP from Bhandara-Gondiya
- Sanjay Dina Patil – MP from Mumbai North East
- Nilesh Rane – MP from Ratnagiri-Sindhudurg
- Ajit Gulabchand – Industrialist, Chairman and MD Hindustan Construction Company
- Ravi Gomatam – Quantum Physicist, Director of Bhaktivedanta Institute
- Virchand Gandhi - Jain scholar and lawyer known for representing Jainism at the first World Parliament of Religions, Chicago 1893
- Shanti Gandhi - American physician and politician.
- Renee M. Borges - Indian ecologist.
- Rohinton Mistry - Famous author.
- Farokh Engineer - Former Indian cricketer
- Keki Mistry - Vice Chairman & CEO HDFC
Memoranda of Understanding (MoUs) have been signed with University of Amsterdam, University of Bath, Liverpool Hope University, Ryerson University, IESEG School of Management, Kühne Logistics University, Tianjin University of Technology and Nankai University in China as well as Edith Cowan University in Australia.
- List of universities in India
- Universities and colleges in India
- List of universities by number of billionaire alumni
- Education in India
- Distance Education Council
- University Grants Commission (India)
- National Assessment and Accreditation Council
- "Mumbai University records 60% rise in students" : DNA – Daily News and Analysis newspaper article, Monday, 21 March 2011.
- With 811 colleges, Pune varsity 2nd largest in country The Times of India newspaper article : 4 November 2013
- "The Cloister's Pale: A Biography of the University of Mumbai", 2nd edition, 2006, Author : Aroon Tikekar, Popular Prakashan publishers
- "History of the University of Mumbai". University of Mumbai. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
- "Alkesh Dinesh Mody Institute". Mu.ac.in. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
- "Rajabai Tower Mumbai: Tourist Attractions in Mumbai". Mumbailocal.Net.
- http://www.dnaindia.com/mumbai/report-mumbai-s-iconic-rajabai-clock-tower-reopens-after-renovation-2085267. Missing or empty
- Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies
- [dead link]
- "‘Indian students should consider studying in China’". Hindustan Times. 29 November 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
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