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Mumble rap

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Mumble rap is a loosely defined[6] microgenre[7] of hip hop that largely spread on the online audio distribution platform SoundCloud in the 2010s.[8] Although the name implies mumbling, many rappers who have been labeled "mumble" rappers have criticized the term as they claim they do not actually mumble in their raps, and that it is used to degrade younger rappers.[9][10] The term is often used as a pejorative to rappers that put little emphasis on lyricism.

Style and etymology

The term "mumble rap" was coined in 2016 by Wiz Khalifa.[11] There is disagreement over who first rapped in such a style, although its creation has been attributed to rappers such as Gucci Mane, Chief Keef, and especially Future.[6] The term was first used to describe rappers whose lyrics were unclear, but the use of the term has expanded to include rappers that generally put little emphasis on lyricism or lyrical quality. Some have claimed that artists such as Das EFX and Fu-Schnickens rapped in a similar style years before the term was created.[12] "Mumble rappers" tend to talk about drugs, money, jewelry, designer clothing, and partying.[13][14] Rappers labelled as "mumble rappers" also tend to use the "aye" flow, where they add words such as "yeah", "aye" and "uh" to the end or start of their lines.[15]

"Mumble rap" is often used as a derogatory term in reference to a perceived incoherence of the artist's lyrics.[16][17] Oscar Harold of the Cardinal Times stated that "mumble rap" is misleading, arguing that the rappers such as Future rely more upon pop melodies and vocal effects, such as Auto-Tune, than mumbling.[18] Justin Charity, a staff writer at The Ringer, argues that the term is unnecessarily reductive and does not in fact refer to one specific type of rapping. He wrote that many of the artists often scapegoated in conversations about the subgenre do not actually mumble, which "is the red flag that the term isn't a useful subcategorization."[19]

Criticism

Rappers who have voiced discontent with mumble rap include J. Cole,[20] Chris Webby,[21] Russ,[22] Joyner Lucas,[23] and Eminem.[24] On his album Kamikaze, Eminem dissed multiple "mumble rappers" after declaring that "The boom bap is coming back with an axe to mumble rap" in the Royce da 5'9" song "Caterpillar".[25] The 2018 Eminem single "Killshot" included a line where he pejoratively called Machine Gun Kelly a mumble rapper. Later in an interview, MGK denied being a mumble rapper and also said Eminem is "disconnected" for calling him so.[26] In rock critic Robert Christgau's opinion, "SoundCloud rap is at least as afflicted as any other kind of hip hop with sexist rhetoric I need very good reasons to hear past." He added, "I'm way sick of the word 'bitch'", particularly disliking XXXTentacion's music for these reasons.[27]

Notable artists

See also

References

  1. ^ Beaumont-Thomas, Ben (April 5, 2018). "Lil Xan: Total Xanarchy review – moronic rap to make you feel old". The Guardian. Retrieved August 6, 2018.
  2. ^ Beaumont-Thomas, Ben (April 5, 2018). "Lil Xan: Total Xanarchy review – moronic rap to make you feel old". The Guardian. Retrieved August 6, 2018.
  3. ^ Washington, Brad (April 20, 2018). "J. Cole Puts Mumble Rappers In Their Place On His New Album 'KOD' outro, '1985'". The Source. Retrieved November 29, 2018.
  4. ^ a b c Johnson, Emily (7 May 2018). "5 Ways How Mumble Rap has Influenced Urban Pop Culture". Bongminesentertainment.com. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  5. ^ https://radiomilwaukee.org/discover-music/music-news/juice-wrld-concert-review-impact-emo-rap/
  6. ^ a b "Is Mumble Rap Really Such A Terrible Thing?". Vibe. 2017-06-06. Retrieved 2018-09-04.
  7. ^ "The real 'Slim Shady' strikes again with latest album release | Arts & Entertainment". Theeastcarolinian.com. 2018-09-10. Retrieved 2018-09-27.
  8. ^ "An Aging Hip-Hop Fan and WW's Resident Hypebeast Debate the New Sound of Rap". Willamette Week. Retrieved 2018-01-29.
  9. ^ Coker, Hillary (December 5, 2017). "The Who's Who Of SoundCloud Rap". Genius. Retrieved December 5, 2018.
  10. ^ Zisook, Brian "Z". ""It's Corny": Desiigner Calls Out "Old People Talkin' That Mumble Rap"". DJBooth.net. Retrieved 2018-12-14.
  11. ^ "The Rise of 'Mumble Rap': Did Lyricism Take a Hit in 2016?". Billboard.com. Retrieved 2018-08-28.
  12. ^ Jasmine, Alyse (2017-06-06). "Is Mumble Rap Really Such A Terrible Thing?". Vibe. Retrieved 2018-01-29.
  13. ^ "Is "Mumble Rap" Killing Hip Hop?". Mic Cheque. 2017-07-22. Retrieved 2018-01-30.
  14. ^ Mushfiqur, Shanto (2018-01-11). "Mumble Rap - Either you love it or hate it". The Daily Star. Retrieved 2018-01-30.
  15. ^ "How The "Ayy" Flow Became The Hottest Thing In Hip-Hop". Genius. Retrieved 2018-01-30.
  16. ^ Hinebaugh, Jonah. "Mumble rap is abstract expressionism for hip hop". Retrieved 7 August 2018.
  17. ^ Lyons, Patrick. "Lil Yachty's "Teenage Emotions" (Review)". HotNewHipHop. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
  18. ^ a b c d e f Harold, Oscar. "Review: 'Mumble Rap' is a poor label for new Hip-Hop". Retrieved 7 August 2018.
  19. ^ Charity, Justin (April 18, 2017). "Declaring a Moratorium on the Term "Mumble Rap"". The Ringer. Retrieved May 14, 2017.
  20. ^ "What is Mumble Rap? | Features | MN2S". Mn2s.com. Retrieved 2018-01-30.
  21. ^ "Chris Webby Calls Out The Mumble Rappers In New Video "Raw Thoughts"". HotNewHipHop. Retrieved 2018-12-17.
  22. ^ "Russ: Mumble Rappers Will Never Go Down Among The Best Hip Hop Artists". AllHipHop.com. Retrieved 2018-01-30.
  23. ^ "Eminem & Joyner Lucas Rant About The State Of Hip-Hop On "Lucky You"". HotNewHipHop. Retrieved 2018-12-17.
  24. ^ "Eminem Is Frustrated With 'Mumble Rap,' According to Rick Rubin". Billboard. Retrieved 2018-01-30.
  25. ^ "All the people Eminem disses on his surprise album 'Kamikaze'". NME. 2018-08-31. Retrieved 2018-09-02.
  26. ^ Breakfast Club Power 105.1 FM. "Machine Gun Kelly Breaks Down Eminem Feud, Halsey Rumors, Mac Miller's Death, Binge EP + More". YouTube. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  27. ^ Christgau, Robert (September 18, 2018). "Xgau Sez". Robertchristgau.com. Archived from the original on 2018-09-18. Retrieved September 18, 2018.
  28. ^ Leight, Elias. "21 Savage: Talking Honesty, Politics and 'Mumble Rap' With Atlanta's No-Nonsense MC". Retrieved 26 July 2017.
  29. ^ a b c d e f "What is mumble rap? 25 essential songs from Future, Migos and more". Cleveland.com. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  30. ^ "The Rise of 'Mumble Rap': Did Lyricism Take a Hit in 2016?". Billboard.com. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  31. ^ O.G.T (13 November 2018). "Mumble Rap - What happens when you listen to Drake, 6ix9ine, Trippie-Red". Threnegadepharmacist.ocm. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  32. ^ a b ""Mumble Rap" is Hip-Hop's Latest Generation Gap". Mixolog.com. 30 January 2017. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  33. ^ Charity, Justin (18 April 2017). "Declaring a Moratorium on the Term "Mumble Rap"". The Ringer. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  34. ^ "Playboi Carti Refers To Himself As Jay Electronica Of Mumble Rap". HotNewHipHop. Retrieved 2018-09-19.
  35. ^ https://theringer.com/mumble-rap-moratorium-lil-yachty-desiigner-15bc3647dae9
  36. ^ "Madeintyo Addresses "Mumble Rap" in His 'XXL' Freshman Freestyle". Highsnobiety.com. 29 January 2019. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  37. ^ Paor-Evans, Adam de. "Mumble Rap: cultural laziness or a true reflection of contemporary times?". The Conversation. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  38. ^ "The Top "Mumble" Rappers List in 2018 - EDM Rappers". Audioassemble.com. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  39. ^ Herbst, Denika. "Big commotion over the death of rapper XXXTentacion, but who was he?". Briefly. Retrieved September 19, 2018.