Mumbles Lighthouse

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Mumbles Lighthouse
MumblesLighthouse2.jpg
The Lighthouse at Mumbles Head
Mumbles Lighthouse is located in Wales
Mumbles Lighthouse
Wales
Location Mumbles Head
Swansea
Wales
Coordinates 51°34′01″N 3°58′16″W / 51.566853°N 3.971235°W / 51.566853; -3.971235Coordinates: 51°34′01″N 3°58′16″W / 51.566853°N 3.971235°W / 51.566853; -3.971235
Year first constructed 1794
Automated 1934
Construction brick tower
Tower shape two-stage octagonal tower with double balcony and lantern
Markings / pattern white tower and lantern
Height 17 metres (56 ft)
Focal height 35 metres (115 ft)
Current lens biformed pair of Tideland Ml300 Beacons
Light source solar power
Intensity 13,700 candela
Range 15 nautical miles (28 km; 17 mi)
Characteristic Fl (4) W 20s.
Admiralty number A5358
NGA number 5756
ARLHS number WAL-016
Managing agent

Trinity House[1]

[2]

Mumbles Lighthouse, completed in 1794, is a lighthouse located in Mumbles, near Swansea.[3] The structure, which sits on the outer of two islands off Mumbles Head, is clearly visible from any point along the five mile sweep of Swansea Bay. Along with the nearby lifeboat station, it is the most photographed landmark in the village.

Mumbles Lighthouse

The tower has two tiers and initially two open coal fire lights were displayed.[3] These open coal fire lights were difficult to maintain and were soon replaced by a single oil powered light within a cast iron lantern.[3]

In 1860, the oil powered light was upgraded to a dioptric light and the fort that surrounds the tower was built by the War Department.[4] In 1905, an occulting mechanism, where the light was made to flash, was fitted. This was partially automated in 1934.[4] By 1977, the cast iron lantern had deteriorated beyond repair and was removed. A different lantern was added in 1987.[4] In 1995, the main light was replaced and an array of solar panels and emergency monitoring equipment were added.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mumbles The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 1 June 2016
  2. ^ Mumbles Lighthouse Trinity House. Retrieved 1 June 2016
  3. ^ a b c d "Mumbles". Trinity House. Retrieved April 12, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c Matthew Jenkins. "The Mumbles Lighthouse". Chesapeake Bay Lighthouse Project. Retrieved April 12, 2011. 

External links[edit]