Mumbra

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mumbra
मुंब्रा / ممبرا
Town/Suburb
Sunrise view of Mumbra
Sunrise view of Mumbra
Mumbra is located in Maharashtra
Mumbra
Mumbra
Location of Mumbra in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 19°10′36″N 73°01′20″E / 19.176667°N 73.022222°E / 19.176667; 73.022222Coordinates: 19°10′36″N 73°01′20″E / 19.176667°N 73.022222°E / 19.176667; 73.022222
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Thane
Metro Mumbai
Population
 • Total 900,000
Languages
 • Official Marathi, Hindi, Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN CODE 400 612
Telephone code (022) 535, 549 and 546
Vehicle registration MH-04
Lok Sabha constituency Kalyan
Vidhan Sabha constituency Mumbra-Kalwa
Mumbra SunSet

Mumbra is a town and suburb of Thane district, in the Western Indian state of Maharashtra. Within the Greater Mumbai area. It is situated on the confluence Ulhas river into Thane creek. Suburban town of Kalwa and Diva are to West and North-east respectively.

History of Mumbra[edit]

Mumbra was a flourishing shipbuilding center in early times. At that time many Arabs used to travel on the shores of the Konkan area. During their trading with the local businessmen, they used to procure food grains, spices and fruits. To carry the goods they used to order the ships which were constructed in Mumbra. During this period Mumbra was called as UMRA. Later it was named after Mumbra Devi, the prime deity of Agri and Koli tribes. The Mumba Devi goddess temple is situated at the peak of the hill.[citation needed] During the 17th century Mumbra was small village of Koli and Agri (fishermen tribes).[citation needed]

Much of the land around Mumbra was agricultural land until 1975. Between 1968 and 1975, Mumbai experienced significant population growth and greater population density. Then, about 1975, Mumbra's agricultural land was urbanised. This signaled an expansion of the greater Mumbai area, which realized significant population growth in the 1980s.[1] Wafa Hill's "A,B,C" was one of the first planned Thane Municipal Corporation (TMC) approved buildings developed in 1990's. Which lead the foundation for urbanization in Mumbra.[citation needed]

In 1991 there were about 44,000 people.[2] After the riots of 1992 many Muslims fled Mumbai and settled in Mumbra; 10 Sq mile land was allotted by state Government under custody of state waqf board for resettlement of fled Muslims of different part of Mumbai. Later, it was found that State waqf board using allotted land for cheap renting or unauthorized use. there was also an influx of people from North India about that time.[3] According to Yasin quraishi, a Corporator (TMC), Mumbra's population is now more than 9 lakh (900,000) people.[2][nb 1] About 80% of Mumbra's residents are Muslim.[2][3]

Location[edit]

Mumbra is located 28 kilometres (17 mi) north east of Mumbai on the western coast of India. It is near ThaneNavi MumbaiAiroli node via the Old Mumbai Pune Highway, or National Highway 4.

Demographics[edit]

The population of Mumbra is 9 Lakhs in thane urban agglomeration.[4] Majority of the population in Mumbra are Muslims.

Religions in Mumbra
Religion Percent
Muslims
  
80%
Buddhists
  
8.6%
Hindus
  
8%
Christians
  
1.4%
Jains
  
1.7%
Others†
  
0.3%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

Transport[edit]

Bus service is available through the Thane Municipal Transport (TMT) and Navi Mumbai Municipal Transport (NMMT).[5] Rail service is available at the Mumbra railway station.[6] Mumbra is 29 kilometres (18 mi) from the Mumbai airport.[7]

Colleges[edit]

M.S.Law College is first law college in Mumbra-kausa area. A.E.Kalsekar degree college is most popular college in mumbra.

Weather[edit]

Mumbra experiences typical coastal sultry and humid weather. The rainfall averages between 150 mm — 200 mm from the beginning of June through September. The temperature averages between 24–35 °C (75–95 °F) and the humidity ranges from 45% to 87%, the highest being in the month of August.[citation needed]

See also: Thane district climate

Economy[edit]

Mumbra's shipbuilding industry dates back to 600CE, the oldest in town, and improved during the Maratha era. Small ships, barges and tugboats are made and repaired in Mumbra. Although at the advent of 21st century ship building began to loose it fame. In 2015 ship building industry lies under a very dilapidated condition.

The MEK Industrial Complex is an approved small industrial area with tax benefits. The Kausa-Sheel belt of Mumbra has medium-sized businesses.[citation needed]

There are a number of restaurants that cater to the Muslim community. There are also restaurants that serve Chinese, Arabic, grilled, and dessert foods. The increasing quality and range of foods is attracting people from neighboring cities and towns of Mumbai, Thane, Navi Mumbai, Kalwa, and Diva.[citation needed]

Despite of having wide range of Djs in this town Dj Bablu and Dj Salman are the best well-known Dj in the town.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In 2011, Hindustan reported that there were 500,000 people in Mumbra.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (contributor) (1993). Metropolitan planning and management in the developing world: spatial decentralization policy in Bombay and Cairo. UN-HABITAT. pp. 39–40. ISBN 9211312337. 
  2. ^ a b c "Thane building collapse: Mumbra tragedy a fallout of illegal construction boom". Indian Express. 9 April 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Lesson from Mumbra". Hindustan Times. 24 November 2011. 
  4. ^ Peer, Basharat (19 June 2015) In India’s largest Muslim ghetto. The Hindu. Retrieved on 30 November 2016.
  5. ^ "Direct Mumbra-Vashi bus service from today". Times of India. 5 October 2008. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  6. ^ "Mumbra Local Station Information". Mumba Life Life. Retrieved 9 April 2013. 
  7. ^ "Distance from Mumbra to domestic airport at Mumbai". Distances Between. Retrieved 9 April 2013. 

External links[edit]