मुंब्रा / ممبرا
Sunrise view of Mumbra
|• Official||Marathi, Hindi, Urdu|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|PIN CODE||400 612|
|Telephone code||(022) 535, 549 and 546|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Kalyan|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Mumbra-Kalwa|
Mumbra is a town and suburb of Thane district, in the Western Indian state of Maharashtra. Within the Greater Mumbai area. It is situated on the confluence Ulhas river into Thane creek. Suburban town of Kalwa and Diva are to West and North-east respectively.
History of Mumbra
Mumbra was a flourishing shipbuilding center in early times. At that time many Arabs used to travel on the shores of the Konkan area. During their trading with the local businessmen, they used to procure food grains, spices and fruits. To carry the goods they used to order the ships which were constructed in Mumbra. During this period Mumbra was called as UMRA. Later it was named after Mumbra Devi, the prime deity of Agri and Koli tribes. The Mumba Devi goddess temple is situated at the peak of the hill. During the 17th century Mumbra was small village of Koli and Agri (fishermen tribes).
Much of the land around Mumbra was agricultural land until 1975. Between 1968 and 1975, Mumbai experienced significant population growth and greater population density. Then, about 1975, Mumbra's agricultural land was urbanised. This signaled an expansion of the greater Mumbai area, which realized significant population growth in the 1980s. Wafa Hill's "A,B,C" was one of the first planned Thane Municipal Corporation (TMC) approved buildings developed in 1990's. Which lead the foundation for urbanization in Mumbra.
In 1991 there were about 44,000 people. After the riots of 1992 many Muslims fled Mumbai and settled in Mumbra; 10 Sq mile land was allotted by state Government under custody of state waqf board for resettlement of fled Muslims of different part of Mumbai. Later, it was found that State waqf board using allotted land for cheap renting or unauthorized use. there was also an influx of people from North India about that time. According to Yasin quraishi, a Corporator (TMC), Mumbra's population is now more than 9 lakh (900,000) people.[nb 1] About 80% of Mumbra's residents are Muslim.
Bus service is available through the Thane Municipal Transport (TMT) and Navi Mumbai Municipal Transport (NMMT). Rail service is available at the Mumbra railway station. Mumbra is 29 kilometres (18 mi) from the Mumbai airport.
M.S.Law College is first law college in Mumbra-kausa area. A.E.Kalsekar degree college is most popular college in mumbra.
Mumbra experiences typical coastal sultry and humid weather. The rainfall averages between 150 mm — 200 mm from the beginning of June through September. The temperature averages between 24–35 °C (75–95 °F) and the humidity ranges from 45% to 87%, the highest being in the month of August.
- See also: Thane district climate
Mumbra's shipbuilding industry dates back to 600CE, the oldest in town, and improved during the Maratha era. Small ships, barges and tugboats are made and repaired in Mumbra. Although at the advent of 21st century ship building began to loose it fame. In 2015 ship building industry lies under a very dilapidated condition.
The MEK Industrial Complex is an approved small industrial area with tax benefits. The Kausa-Sheel belt of Mumbra has medium-sized businesses.
There are a number of restaurants that cater to the Muslim community. There are also restaurants that serve Chinese, Arabic, grilled, and dessert foods. The increasing quality and range of foods is attracting people from neighboring cities and towns of Mumbai, Thane, Navi Mumbai, Kalwa, and Diva.
Despite of having wide range of Djs in this town Dj Bablu and Dj Salman are the best well-known Dj in the town.
- In 2011, Hindustan reported that there were 500,000 people in Mumbra.
- United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (contributor) (1993). Metropolitan planning and management in the developing world: spatial decentralization policy in Bombay and Cairo. UN-HABITAT. pp. 39–40. ISBN 9211312337.
- "Thane building collapse: Mumbra tragedy a fallout of illegal construction boom". Indian Express. 9 April 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- "Lesson from Mumbra". Hindustan Times. 24 November 2011.
- Peer, Basharat (19 June 2015) In India’s largest Muslim ghetto. The Hindu. Retrieved on 30 November 2016.
- "Direct Mumbra-Vashi bus service from today". Times of India. 5 October 2008. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
- "Mumbra Local Station Information". Mumba Life Life. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- "Distance from Mumbra to domestic airport at Mumbai". Distances Between. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
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