Sunrise view of Mumbra
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|PIN CODE||400 612|
|Telephone code||(022) 535, 549 and 546|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Kalyan|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Mumbra-Kalwa|
Mumbra is a town and suburb of Thane district, in the Western Indian state of Maharashtra. Within the Greater Mumbai area. It is situated on the confluence Ulhas river into Thane creek. Suburban town of Kalwa and Diva are to West and North-east respectively.
History of Mumbra
Mumbra was a flourishing ship-building center in 600 CE. At that time many Arabs used to travel on the shores of the Konkan area. During their trading with the local businessmen, they used to procure food grains, spices and fruits. To carry the goods they used to order the ships which were constructed in Mumbra. During this period Mumbra was called as UMRA. Later it was named after Mumbra Devi, the prime deity of Agri and Koli tribes. The Mumba Devi goddess temple is situated at the peak of the hill. During the 17th century Mumbra was small village of Koli and Agri (fishermen tribes).
Much of the land around Mumbra was agricultural land until 1975. Between 1968 and 1975, Mumbai experienced significant population growth and greater population density. Then, about 1975, Mumbra's agricultural land was urbanised. This signaled an expansion of the greater Mumbai area, which realized significant population growth in the 1980s. Wafa Hill's "A,B,C" was one of the first planned Thane Municipal Corporation (TMC) approved buildings developed in 1990's. Which lead the foundation for urbanization in Mumbra.
In 1991 there were about 44,000 people. After the riots of 1992 many Muslims fled Mumbai and settled in Mumbra; 10 Sq mile land was allotted by state Government under custody of state waqf board for resettlement of fled muslims of different part of Mumbai. Later, it was found that State waqf board using allotted land for cheap renting or unauthorized use. there was also an influx of people from North India about that time. According to Yasin quraishi, a Corporator (TMC), Mumbra's population is now more than 9 lakh (900,000) people.[nb 1] About 80% of Mumbra's residents are Muslim.
Bus service is available through the Thane Municipal Transport (TMT) and Navi Mumbai Municipal Transport (NMMT). Rail service is available at the Mumbra railway station. Mumbra is 29 kilometres (18 mi) from the Mumbai airport.
Mumbra experiences typical coastal sultry and humid weather. The rainfall averages between 150 mm — 200 mm from the beginning of June through September. The temperature averages between 24–35 °C (75–95 °F) and the humidity ranges from 45% to 87%, the highest being in the month of August.
- See also: Thane district climate
Mumbra's shipbuilding industry dates back to 600CE, the oldest in town, and improved during the Maratha era. Small ships, barges and tugboats are made and repaired in Mumbra. Although at the advent of 21st century ship building began to loose it fame. In 2015 ship building industry lies under a very dilapidated condition.
The MEK Industrial Complex is an approved small industrial area with tax benefits. The Kausa-Sheel belt of Mumbra has medium-sized businesses.
There are a number of restaurants that cater to the Muslim community. There are also restaurants that serve Chinese, Arabic, grilled, and dessert foods. The increasing quality and range of foods is attracting people from neighboring cities and towns of Mumbai, Thane, Navi Mumbai, Kalwa, and Diva.
Thane Plus is a daily hyperlocal newspaper, distributed with the Times of India, has about 1.3 lakh (130,000) readers. It covers – Thane, Kalwa and Mumbra. There are also several weekly local newspapers in Mumbra, including Naazaafrinsamachar, Aapka Prahar Times, Mumbra Samachar, Quami Paigham, Shaher Buland Ujala.
Mumbra Samachar is one of the oldest Local newspaper from last 19 years, Editor is Mr. Anwar Noori
Studies conducted on Mumbra
- Samant, Hrishikesh P. Subramanyan, V. (Guide), Geomorphic analysis of the Mumbai-Mumbra region and its applications using a geographic information system. - Ph.D.Thesis. (R) (Earth Science) Mumbai: IIT, 1996
- Investigation on landslides, Mumbra-Highway by pass (Mumbai, PWD).
- Environmental Monitoring Network of Maharashtra, Surface water locations for Thane Region, Mumbra (SWMP)
- P.K. Shajahan, Social Topography article - Mumbra
- Ahmed Abdullah Garib Private Industrial Training Institute, ITI.
- There Are Certain Colleges As A.E Kalsekar Degree College, D.R.T Junior College, S.N.M Girls Junior College, M.S College Of Law & Junior College, National College, ST. Mary's College and G.R patil College,Queen Mary's High School & Jr. College, etc.
- In 2011, Hindustan reported that there were 500,000 people in Mumbra.
- Dj Salman & Dj B@blu, The Best Dj Operator In Mumbra
- United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (contributor) (1993). Metropolitan planning and management in the developing world: spatial decentralization policy in Bombay and Cairo. UN-HABITAT. pp. 39–40. ISBN 9211312337.
- "Thane building collapse: Mumbra tragedy a fallout of illegal construction boom". Indian Express. 9 April 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- "Lesson from Mumbra". Hindustan Times. 24 November 2011.
- "Mumbra Mumbai Distance". Distances Between. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- "Direct Mumbra-Vashi bus service from today". Times of India. 5 October 2008. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
- "Mumbra Local Station Information". Mumba Life Life. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- "Distance from Mumbra to domestic airport at Mumbai". Distances Between. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- [ww.dvet.gov.in/Search/Region_DistrictwiseInstList.aspx "vocational training in mumbai- thane region"] Check
|url=value (help). Directorate of Vocational Education & Training, Maharashtra. Retrieved 2016-02-13.
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