Sunrise view of Mumbra
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|PIN CODE||400 612|
|Telephone code||(022) 535, 549 and 546|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Kalyan|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Mumbra-Kalwa|
Mumbra was a flourishing ship-building centre in 600CE. At that time many Arabs used to travel on the shors of the Kokan area. During their trading with the local businessmen, they used to procure food grains, spices and fruits. To carry the goods they used to order the ships which were constructed in Mumbra. During this period Mumbra was called as UMRA.Later it was named after Mumbra Devi, the prime deity of Koli and Agri tribes. The goddess temple is situated at the peak of the hill. During the 17th century Mumbra was small village of Koli and Agri (fishermen tribes).
Much of the land around Mumbra was agricultural land until 1975. Between 1968 and 1975, Mumbai experienced significant population growth and greater population density. Then, about 1975, Mumbra's agricultural land was urbanised. This signaled an expansion of the greater Mumbai area, which realized significant population growth in the 1980s. Wafa Hill's "A,B,C" was one of the first planned Thane Municipal Corporation (TMC) approved buildings developed in 1990's. Which lead the foundation for urbanization in Mumbra.
In 1991 there were about 44,000 people. After the riots of 1992 many Muslims fled Mumbai and settled in Mumbra; there was also an influx of people from North India about that time. According to Yasin Surme, a Corporator (TMC), Mumbra's population is now more than 9 lakh (900,000) people.[nb 1] About 80% of Mumbra's residents are Muslim.
The population of Mumbra is 9 Lakhs in thane urban agglomeration. Mumbra is predominantly resided by Muslims.
Bus service is available through the Thane Municipal Transport (TMT) and Navi Mumbai Municipal Transport (NMMT). Rail service is available at the Mumbra railway station. Mumbra is 29 kilometres (18 mi) from the Mumbai airport.
Mumbra experiences typical coastal sultry and humid weather. The rainfall averages between 150 mm — 200 mm from the beginning of June through September. The temperature averages between 24–35 °C (75–95 °F) and the humidity ranges from 45% to 87%, the highest being in the month of August.
- See also: Thane district climate
Mumbra's shipbuilding industry dates back to 600CE, the oldest in town, and improved during the Maratha era. Small ships, barges and tugboats are made and repaired in Mumbra. A larger employer is Bharat Gears Ltd, a Raunak Group enterprises, that makes gears for automobile companies. Scientific Devices makes measurement and control instruments for petroleum, chemical, food and cement industries.
The MEK Industrial Complex is an approved small industrial area with tax benefits. The Kausa-Sheel belt of Mumbra has medium-sized businesses.
There are a number of restaurants that cater to the Muslim community. There are also restaurants that serve Chinese, Arabic, grilled, and dessert foods. The increasing quality and range of foods is attracting people from neighboring cities and towns of Mumbai, Thane, Navi Mumbai, Kalwa, and Diva.
Thane Plus is a daily hyperlocal newspaper, distributed with the Times of India, has about 1.3 lakh (130,000) readers. It covers – Thane, Kalwa and Mumbra. There are also several weekly local newspapers in Mumbra, including Mumbra Samachar, Aapka Prahar Times, Quami Paigham, Shaher Buland Ujala.
Studies conducted on Mumbra
- Samant, Hrishikesh P. Subramanyan, V. (Guide), Geomorphic analysis of the Mumbai-Mumbra region and its applications using a geographic information system. - Ph.D.Thesis. (R) (Earth Science) Mumbai: IIT, 1996
- Investigation on landslides, Mumbra-Highway by pass (Mumbai, PWD).
- Environmental Monitoring Network of Maharashtra, Surface water locations for Thane Region, Mumbra (SWMP)
- Anas Parkar, Natural Therapy
- P.K. Shajahan, Social Topography article - Mumbra
- Ahmed Abdullah Garib Private Industrial Training Institute, ITI.
- There Are Certain Colleges As A.E Kalsekar Degree College, D.R.T Junior College, S.N.M Girls Junior College, M.S College Of Law & Junior College, National College, ST. Mary's College and G.R patil College etc.
- Many Tutorials Are Available In Mumbra Such As Kazmi Tutorials and Resultant Academy Etc.
- In 2011, Hindustan reported that there were 500,000 people in Mumbra.
- United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (contributor) (1993). Metropolitan planning and management in the developing world: spatial decentralization policy in Bombay and Cairo. UN-HABITAT. pp. 39–40. ISBN 9211312337.
- "Thane building collapse: Mumbra tragedy a fallout of illegal construction boom". Indian Express. 9 April 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- "Lesson from Mumbra". Hindustan Times. 24 November 2011.
- "Mumbra Mumbai Distance". Distances Between. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- "Direct Mumbra-Vashi bus service from today". Times of India. 5 October 2008. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
- "Mumbra Local Station Information". Mumba Life Life. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- "Distance from Mumbra to domestic airport at Mumbai". Distances Between. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
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