Mumin

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Muʾmin or mumin (Arabic: مؤمن, romanizedmuʾmin; feminine مؤمنة muʾmina) is an Arabic name and Islamic term, frequently referenced in the Quran, meaning "believer".[1] Al-Muʼminun (Arabic: المؤمنون, al-muʼminūn; meaning: "The Believers") is the 23rd chapter (sūrah) of the Qur'an.

In the Quran[edit]

Mumin denotes a person who has complete submission to the will of God in Islam and has faith firmly established in his heart, i.e. a "faithful Muslim".[1] Also, it is used as a name and one of the names of God in Islam.[1] The opposite term of īmān (faith) is kufr (unbelief), and the opposite of muʾmin is kāfir (unbeliever).[2][3][4]

The Quran states:

O true believers, believe in God and his apostle, and the book which he hath caused to descend unto his apostle, and the book which He hath formerly sent down. And whosoever believeth not in God, and his angels, and his scriptures, and his apostles, and the last day, he surely erreth in a wide mistake.[5]

This verse addresses the believers, exhorting them to believe, implying multiple stages of belief.

There is a difference between Muslim and Muʾmin. The term Muʾmin is the preferred term used in the Qur'an to describe monotheistic believers.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Jansen, J. J. G. (2012) [1993]. "Muʾmin". In Bosworth, C. E.; van Donzel, E. J.; Heinrichs, W. P.; Lewis, B.; Pellat, Ch.; Schacht, J. (eds.). Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition. Vol. 7. Leiden and Boston: Brill Publishers. doi:10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_5493. ISBN 978-90-04-16121-4.
  2. ^ Schirrmacher, Christine (2020). "Chapter 7: Leaving Islam". In Enstedt, Daniel; Larsson, Göran; Mantsinen, Teemu T. (eds.). Handbook of Leaving Religion. Brill Handbooks on Contemporary Religion. Vol. 18. Leiden and Boston: Brill Publishers. pp. 81–95. doi:10.1163/9789004331471_008. ISBN 978-90-04-33092-4. ISSN 1874-6691.
  3. ^ Adang, Camilla (2001). "Belief and Unbelief: choice or destiny?". In McAuliffe, Jane Dammen (ed.). Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān. Vol. I. Leiden: Brill Publishers. doi:10.1163/1875-3922_q3_EQCOM_00025. ISBN 978-90-04-14743-0.
  4. ^ Willis, John Ralph, ed. (2018) [1979]. "Glossary". Studies in West African Islamic History, Volume 1: The Cultivators of Islam (1st ed.). London and New York: Routledge. p. 197. ISBN 9781138238534. Kufr: Unbelief; non-Muslim belief (Kāfir = a non-Muslim, one who has received no Dispensation or Book; Kuffār plural of Kāfir).
  5. ^ Q4:136 Quran, George Sale Translation , 50+ translations, islamawakened.com

External links[edit]