Munger

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This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Munger district.
For other uses, see Munger (disambiguation).
Munger
मुंगेर,মুঙ্গের
Metropolitan City
Nickname(s): Twin City, City of Yoga
Munger is located in Bihar
Munger
Munger
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 25°22′52″N 86°27′54″E / 25.381°N 86.465°E / 25.381; 86.465Coordinates: 25°22′52″N 86°27′54″E / 25.381°N 86.465°E / 25.381; 86.465
Country  India
State Bihar
District Munger
Division Munger
Founded by Chandragupta Maurya
Named for Mudgal Rishi
Government
 • Type Mayor-council
 • Body Munger Municipal Corporation
 • Mayor Kumkum Devi
 • Municipal Commissioner Prabhat Kumar Sinha
Area
 • Total 68 km2 (26 sq mi)
Area rank 3rd in Bihar
Elevation 43 m (141 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 213,303
 • Rank 5th in Bihar
 • Density 3,100/km2 (8,100/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Mungerites
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 811201,811202,811211,811214
Telephone code +91-6344
Vehicle registration BR-08
Website munger.bih.nic.in

Munger (Angika and Hindi:मुंगेर) (Bengali:মুঙ্গের) is a twin city and a Municipal Corporation situated in the Indian state of Bihar.[2] It is the administrative headquarters of Munger district and Munger Division. Among its industries are those involved in railway, gun, tobacco and dairy product manufacture.

Historically, Munger is known for being an ancient seat of rule. The twin city comprises Munger and Jamalpur situated on the southern bank of the river Ganges.[3] It is situated 60 km west of Bhagalpur and 180 km east of capital city Patna.

Climate[edit]

The climate of Munger is subtropical (warm in summer and cold during winter). The Köppen climate classification sub-type for this climate is humid subtropical.[4]

Climate data for Munger, India
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23.5
(74.3)
26.4
(79.6)
32.5
(90.5)
37
(98.6)
37.9
(100.3)
35.5
(95.9)
31.9
(89.4)
31.2
(88.1)
31.5
(88.7)
30.8
(87.5)
27.7
(81.9)
24.2
(75.6)
30.84
(87.53)
Average low °C (°F) 9.4
(48.9)
11.9
(53.4)
16.9
(62.4)
21.8
(71.3)
24.6
(76.3)
25.4
(77.7)
24.9
(76.8)
24.8
(76.6)
24.2
(75.5)
20.9
(69.7)
14.4
(57.9)
10
(50)
19.1
(66.38)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 15
(0.6)
18
(0.7)
13
(0.5)
13
(0.5)
41
(1.6)
173
(6.8)
297
(11.7)
280
(11)
226
(8.9)
81
(3.2)
5
(0.2)
3
(0.1)
1,165
(45.8)
Source: weatherbase[5]

Demographics[edit]

As per 2011 census, Munger Municipal Corporation had a total population of 3,88,000, out of which 2,00,000 were males and 1,88,000 were females. It had a sex ratio of 883. The population below 5 years was 42,260. The literacy rate of the 7+ population was 81.83 per cent.[6]

Religion in Munger
Religion
Hinduism
  
91.02%
Islam
  
7.36%
Christians
  
0.98%
Sikhism
  
0.30%
Others
  
0.34%
Distribution of religions [7]

Places of interest[edit]

Transport[edit]

Rail[edit]

see:Jamalpur Junction

Munger city has two railway station Jamalpur Junction and purabsarai. Jamalpur Junction is the main rail head for the Munger city while Purabsarai Railway Station act as suburban Railway Station connecting Jamalpur to the city.Jamalpur Junction(code:JMP) is situated around 9 km from Munger city center. Munger is well connected to major cities of India like New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Banglore, Surat, Guwahati, Lucknow, Kanpur, Jammutawi, Vishakhapatnam, Bhagalpur, Patna, Gaya, Muzzafarpur, Ranchi, Jamshedpur and other major cities of the country by rail.a mega rail cum road bridge Munger Ganga Bridge is under construction which would connect Munger city to nearby cities of Begusarai, Khagaria and various other Districts of North Bihar in the near future.the bridge is most likely to be thrown open to public by 2014 year end.[8] it will be the 3rd largest rail cum road bridge in India.[9]Jamalpur Junction is one of the major railway junctions in India. Buses, taxis and autorickshaws are available round the clock at Jamalpur Junction for Munger city. Jamalpur Junction is originating station for many Express and Passenger trains. The important trains originating from the Jamalpur Junction are: 1. Jamalpur-Howrah express 2. Jamalpur-Malda town Inter city Express and many passengers trains originate for nearby destination.

Road[edit]

see:NH-80

Munger is well connected to major parts of India by various National Highways and State Highways. It is well connected to major cities of Bihar and Jharkhand like Patna, Ranchi, Bhagalpur, Muzaffarpur, Jamshedpur, Dhanbad, Gaya, Bokaro and Darbhanga by NH 80,NH 333 and NH 333B and various other state Highways.regular Bus service are provided by BSRTC for all the major cities and nearby destination. Buses, Taxi and Auto Rickshaw are available for intra city transport. A mega Munger Ganga Bridge is under construction which will link Munger to various Districts of North Bihar and North Eastern part of the India by 2014 year end.

Air[edit]

Munger has a small airport with no commercial service and used only for VIP movements. Nearest domestic airport with commercial service is Patna airport around 180 km away. Patna is served by all major airlines. Nearest international airport is Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport in Kolkata Which is around 480 km away from Munger.

Waterways[edit]

Munger is located on National Waterway No-1 running from Allahabad(U.P) to Haldia(W.B).it is well connected to major cities like Patna, Bhagalpur, Varanasi, Kolkata, and Allahabad through waterway.

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

Munger city has many industries in and around the city. The Indian Railway has one of Asia's largest and oldest railway workshops at Jamalpur. This workshop was set up by the Britishers in the year 1862. Junior railway Minister Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury released a commemorative postal stamp on Jamalpur Locomotive Workshop on the completion of 150 years of the workshop.[10] Munger has India's oldest tobacco manufacturing unit. Initially it was started by Britishers; later it was taken over by ITC Limited. The tobacco manufacturing unit was started in 1905. Munger is also famous for gun manufacturing. Gun manufacturing in Munger is more than 200 years old.ITC Limited is also going to set up its first dairy plant in India in Munger city by mid-2014. It will be a modern state-of-the-art dairy plant set up at cost of 150 cr.[11] Together with Jamalpur Locomotive Workshop, Gun Manufacturing and ITC Limited Dairy plant Munger has got Total investiment of around 500cr.[12] Munger city has many small scale industries in and around the city.

Education[edit]

Schools[edit]

Munger Municipal Corporation operates many primary and secondary schools.

Colleges[edit]

University[edit]

  • Bihar School of Yoga (deemed university for yogic studies)
  • Jamia Rahmani Khanqah (Urdu university)

Media[edit]

Print Media available in the city are The Times Of India, Hindustan Times, The Telegraph, Dainik Jagran, Prabhat khabar and Hindustan. Radio broadcasting is provided by All India Radio and various other FM channels. Tele communications are provided by BSNL, Airtel, Aircel, Idea, Vodafone, Uninor and Reliance. The city based local TV channels are NK channel and MCN channel.

Famous personalities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India Search details". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  2. ^ "CDP Munger" (PDF). Urban department, Government of Bihar.  Retrieved 21 March 2014
  3. ^ "CDP Jamalpur" (PDF). Urban Department, Government of Bihar. Retrieved on 21 January 2014
  4. ^ "Climate Data for Munger, India". weatherbase. Retrieved on April 8, 2014
  5. ^ "weatherbase.com". weatherbase. 2014.  Retrieved on April 8, 2014.
  6. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-16. 
  7. ^ "census of india:Socio-cultural aspects". Government of India, Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved on 9 March 2014
  8. ^ "Munger bridge likely to be operational by 2014 year end". The Times of India. 15 Apr 2013. Retrieved on 14 May 2014
  9. ^ "top ten rail road bridges in india". walkthroughindia. Retrieved on 10 May 2014
  10. ^ "Minister releases stamp on Jamalpur railway workshop". Times of India. 28 Nov 2013. Reterived on April 18, 2014
  11. ^ "ITC begins construction of milk plant". Economic Times. 17 December 2012. Retrieved on 15 April 2014
  12. ^ "Munger gets investiments worth Rs 500 cr". Times of India. 18 Feb 2015. Reterived on 16 march,2015
  13. ^ ndamunger.comRetrieved on 12 APR,2014
  14. ^ www.notredamejamalpur.orgRetrieved on 14 Aug 2014
  15. ^ davmunger.comRetrieved on 13 March 2014
  16. ^ www.nepsmunger.comReterived on 17 Nov,2014
  17. ^ www.rdanddjcollegemunger.org
  18. ^ www.brmcollege.in
  19. ^ www.jamalpurcollegetmbu.org
  20. ^ www.jrscollege.org

External links[edit]