Munger

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Munger
Metropolitan City
Nickname(s): Twin City, City of Yoga
Munger is located in Bihar
Munger
Munger
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 25°22′52″N 86°27′54″E / 25.381°N 86.465°E / 25.381; 86.465Coordinates: 25°22′52″N 86°27′54″E / 25.381°N 86.465°E / 25.381; 86.465
Country  India
State Bihar
District Munger
Founded by Chandragupta Maurya
Government
 • Type Mayor-council
 • Body Munger Municipal Corporation
 • Mayor Smt. Ruma Raj
 • Municipal Commissioner Dr. S.K Pathak
Area
 • Total 68 km2 (26 sq mi)
Elevation 43 m (141 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 388,000
 • Rank 5th in Bihar
 • Density 5,700/km2 (15,000/sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 811201,811202,811211,811214
Telephone code +91-6344
Vehicle registration BR-08
Website munger.bih.nic.in munger.nic.in

Munger is a twin city and a Municipal Corporation situated in the Indian state of Bihar.[2] It is the administrative headquarters of Munger district and Munger Division. It is the fifth largest city of Bihar and second largest city in Eastern Bihar.

Historically, Munger is known for being an ancient seat of rule. The twin city comprises Munger and Jamalpur situated on the southern bank of the river Ganges.[3] It is situated 60 km west of Bhagalpur, and 180 km east of capital city Patna.

Climate[edit]

The climate of Munger is subtropical (warm in summer and cold during winter). The Köppen climate classification sub-type for this climate is humid subtropical.[4]

Climate data for Munger, India
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23.5
(74.3)
26.4
(79.6)
32.5
(90.5)
37
(98.6)
37.9
(100.3)
35.5
(95.9)
31.9
(89.4)
31.2
(88.1)
31.5
(88.7)
30.8
(87.5)
27.7
(81.9)
24.2
(75.6)
30.8
(87.5)
Average low °C (°F) 9.4
(48.9)
11.9
(53.4)
16.9
(62.4)
21.8
(71.3)
24.6
(76.3)
25.4
(77.7)
24.9
(76.8)
24.8
(76.6)
24.2
(75.5)
20.9
(69.7)
14.4
(57.9)
10
(50)
19.1
(66.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 15
(0.6)
18
(0.7)
13
(0.5)
13
(0.5)
41
(1.6)
173
(6.8)
297
(11.7)
280
(11)
226
(8.9)
81
(3.2)
5
(0.2)
3
(0.1)
1,161
(45.7)
Source: weatherbase[5]

Demographics[edit]

As per 2011 census, Munger Municipal Corporation and Jamalpur Municipal Council has a total population of 3,88,000, out of which 2,00,000 were males and 1,88,000 were females. It had a sex ratio of 883. The population below 5 years was 42,260. The literacy rate of the 7+ population was 81.83 per cent.[6]

Religion in Munger
Religion
Hinduism
  
64.02%
Islam
  
35%
Christians
  
0.98%
Sikhism
  
0.30%
Others
  
0.34%
Distribution of religions [7]

Places of interest[edit]

Transport[edit]

Rail[edit]

Munger has two railway stations: Jamalpur Junction and Munger Railway Station . The former is the main railhead for the city while the latter, which was earlier called Purabsarai Railway Station, acts as suburban facility.

The rail system provides connection to cities such as New Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Banglore, Surat, Guwahati, Lucknow, Kanpur, Jammutawi, Vishakhapatnam, Bhagalpur, Patna, Gaya, Muzaffarpur, Ranchi, and Jamshedpur. The Munger Ganga Bridge, which takes both rail- and road-traffic, connects Munger to the nearby cities of Begusarai and Khagaria as well as various districts of North Bihar.[8] The bridge is the third-largest rail-cum-road bridge in India.[9]

Road[edit]

Munger is connected to major parts of India by various National and State Highways. The major cities of Bihar and Jharkhand - such as Patna, Ranchi, Bhagalpur, Muzaffarpur, Jamshedpur, Dhanbad, Gaya, Bokaro and Darbhanga - can be reached by NH 80, NH 333 and NH 333B and various state Highways. Regular bus service are provided by BSRTC for all the major cities and other destinations.

The Munger Ganga Bridge is under construction(Road part) and will link Munger to various districts of North Bihar and north-eastern India by 2019.[citation needed]

Air[edit]

Munger has a small airport with no commercial service and used only for VIP movements. Nearest domestic airport with commercial service is Patna airport around 180 km away. Patna is served by all major airlines. Nearest international airport is Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport in Kolkata Which is around 480 km away from Munger.

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

Indian Railways operates of Asia's largest and oldest railway workshops at Jamalpur. This was set up by the British Raj in 1862.[10]

Education[edit]

There are various schools, including New Era Public School, and colleges that are both affiliated to and constituents of T. M. Bhagalpur University.

Media[edit]

Aside from national radio and television broadcasters, the city has two local TV channels: NK and MCN.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India Search details". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  2. ^ "CDP Munger" (PDF). Urban department, Government of Bihar.  Retrieved 21 March 2014
  3. ^ "CDP Jamalpur" (PDF). Urban Department, Government of Bihar. Retrieved on 21 January 2014
  4. ^ "Climate Data for Munger, India". weatherbase. Retrieved on 8 April 2014
  5. ^ "weatherbase.com". weatherbase. 2014.  Retrieved on 8 April 2014.
  6. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-16. 
  7. ^ "census of india:Socio-cultural aspects". Government of India, Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved on 9 March 2014
  8. ^ "Munger bridge likely to be operational by 2014 year end". The Times of India. 15 Apr 2013. Retrieved on 14 May 2014
  9. ^ "top ten rail road bridges in india". walkthroughindia. Retrieved on 10 May 2014
  10. ^ "Minister releases stamp on Jamalpur railway workshop". Times of India. 28 Nov 2013. Reterived on 18 April 2014
  11. ^ Rajalakshmi, T. K. (30 June 2006). "Scholar of society". Frontline. 23 (12). Archived from the original on 11 June 2011. Retrieved 2017-10-10. 

External links[edit]