Muni Ki Reti
Muni Ki Reti
A study group by the eastern banks of Ganges at Muni ki Reti
|• Type||Municipal Council|
|• Body||Muni Ki Reti Municipal Council|
|• Total||1.82 km2 (0.70 sq mi)|
|Elevation||456 m (1,496 ft)|
|• Density||5,835/km2 (15,110/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Sex ratio||581 ♂ / ♀|
Muni Ki Reti is a town and a municipal council in Tehri Garhwal district in the Indian state of Uttarakhand. It lies close to the pilgrimage town of Rishikesh and is known for its ashrams, including the Divine Life Society of Sivananda Saraswati.
Literally meaning "Sand of the sages" (muni), Muni Ki Reti is traditionally considered the gateway for the Char Dham pilgrimage — Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri, and Yamunotri. It is also known as the place where King Bharata of Ramayana did penance.
In modern history, 'Kailash Ashram' was established here in 1880 by Dhanraj Giri. It was one of the first large ashrams to be established in Rishikesh. Before that it was mostly as a place for individual seekers or pilgrims to stop over on way to Char Dham temples pilgrimage.
Subsequently, Swami Atmananda founded Swargashram in 1908; Sivananda Ashram was established by Swami Sivananda in 1936. Gradually other ashrams came up and soon it became a popular destination for yoga and meditation practitioners and seekers of Vedantic knowledge. The town became a Nagar Panchayat on 30 November 1949 and elevated to Municipal Council in 2015. Over the years other ashrams have come up in the area — Gita Bhawan, Parmarth Niketan of Swami Chidanand Saraswati and Vanprastha Ashram — all on the opposite bank of the Ganges.
In February 1968 The Beatles visited the now-closed Maharishi Mahesh Yogi's ashram. John Lennon recorded 'The Happy Hrishikesh Song' here. The Beatles composed nearly 48 songs during their time at the Maharishi's ashram, many of which appear on the White Album. Several other artists, including Mike Love of The Beach Boys, Donovan and Gyp Mills, visited the site to contemplate and meditate.
For years boats were the only way to go across the Ganges where numerous ashrams lie, but in 1986, the building of the 222 ft Ram Jhula, similar to the Lakshman Jhula at Rishikesh, allowed easy access and rapid growth to the area.
According to the 2011 Census of India, Muni Ki Reti had a population of 10,620. Males constitute 63% of the population and females 37%. The town has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 63%. In Muni Ki Reti, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Ram Jhula, the bridge over the Ganges.
The Shiva statue overlooking the ghats, near Parmarth Niketan.
Meditation chambers at the old Maharishi Mahesh Yogi Ashram, now in ruins, Muni Ki Reti.
Gita Press outlet, Gita Bhavan, Muni Ki Reti.
- Swami Krishnananda; S. Bhagyalakshmi (1986). Facets of Spirituality: Dialogues and Discourses of Swami Krishnananda. Motilal Banarsidass. p. 23. ISBN 978-81-208-0087-8.
- Alfonso Caycedo (1966). India of yogis. National Pub. House. p. 66.
- John Shakespear (1849). A dictionary, Hindustani and English. Richardson. p. 2372.
- Nitya Nand; Kamlesh Kumar (1989). The Holy Himalaya: A Geographical Interpretation of Garhwal. Daya Publishing House. pp. 372–. ISBN 978-81-7035-055-2.
- Sarah Strauss (2005). Positioning Yoga. Berg. pp. 30–. ISBN 978-1-85973-739-2.
- Town Profile[permanent dead link] Uttarakhand Govt. Official website.
- Local attractions[permanent dead link].
- Site dedicated to the visit of the Beatles to Rishikesh Archived 12 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine Beatles in Rishikesh by Paul Saltzman, 2000, Penguin Studio Books. ISBN 0-670-89261-0.
- The Happy Hrishikesh Song - Beatles[permanent dead link]
- The Happy Hrishikesh Song
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
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