Municipalities of Chiapas

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Map of Mexico with Chiapas highlighted
Map of Mexico with Chiapas highlighted

Chiapas is a state located in Southern Mexico. According to the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, it is the state that has the seventh largest population with 5,217,908[1] inhabitants and the 10th largest by land area spanning 73,560 square kilometres (28,400 sq mi).[2] Chiapas is officially divided into 124 municipalities,[3][4] although the establishment of municipal authorities in Belisario Domínguez has been suspended since 2015 pending the resolution of a territorial dispute between Chiapas and the neighbouring state of Oaxaca.[5] A 125th municipality called Honduras de la Sierra, consisting of six ejidos currently part of Siltepec, will be incorporated on October 1, 2018.[6]

Municipalities in Chiapas are administratively autonomous of the state according to the 115th article of the 1917 Constitution of Mexico.[7] Every three years, citizens elect a municipal president (Spanish: presidente municipal) by a plurality voting system who heads a concurrently elected municipal council (ayuntamiento) responsible for providing all the public services for their constituents. The municipal council consists of a variable number of trustees and councillors (regidores y síndicos).[8] Municipalities are responsible for public services (such as water and sewerage), street lighting, public safety, traffic, supervision of slaughterhouses and the maintenance of public parks, gardens and cemeteries.[9] They may also assist the state and federal governments in education, emergency fire and medical services, environmental protection and maintenance of monuments and historical landmarks. Since 1984, they have had the power to collect property taxes and user fees, although more funds are obtained from the state and federal governments than from their own income.[9]

The largest municipality by population is the state capital Tuxtla Gutiérrez, with 598,710 residents while the smallest is Sunuapa with 2,283 residents.[10] The largest municipality by land area is Ocosingo which spans 9,520.117 km2 (3,675.738 sq mi), and the smallest is Santiago el Pinar which spans 16.591 km2 (6.406 sq mi).[11]

Municipalities[edit]

  State capital State capital

Name Municipal Seat Population
(2015)[10][12]
Population
(2010)[13]
Change Land area (km2) [11] Population density Incorporation date[14]
km2 sq mi
Acacoyagua Acacoyagua 18,082 16,814 +7.5% 248.917 96.107* 72.6/km2 (188.1/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Acala Acala 31,424 28,947 +8.6% 482.778 186.402* 65.1/km2 (168.6/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Acapetahua Acapetahua 28,380 27,580 +2.9% 561.806 216.915* 50.5/km2 (130.8/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Aldama Aldama 6,712 5,072 +32.3% 26.899 10.386* 249.5/km2 (646.3/sq mi)
Altamirano Altamirano 32,872 29,865 +10.1% 958.335 370.015* 34.3/km2 (88.8/sq mi)
Amatán Amatán 19,348 21,275 −9.1% 316.969 122.382* 61.0/km2 (158.1/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Amatenango de la Frontera Amatenango de la Frontera 30,732 29,547 +4.0% 254.456 98.246* 120.8/km2 (312.8/sq mi) August 16, 1884
Amatenango del Valle Amatenango del Valle 9,913 8,728 +13.6% 152.639 58.934* 64.9/km2 (168.2/sq mi)
Angel Albino Corzo Jaltenango de la Paz 28,162 26,628 +5.8% 583.541 225.306* 48.3/km2 (125.0/sq mi)
Arriaga Arriaga 40,114 40,042 +0.2% 810.523 312.945* 49.5/km2 (128.2/sq mi) May 28, 1910
Bejucal de Ocampo Bejucal de Ocampo 7,494 7,623 −1.7% 78.999 30.502* 94.9/km2 (245.7/sq mi) May 4, 1912
Belisario Domínguez[a] Rodulfo Figueroa
Bella Vista Bella Vista 20,142 19,281 +4.5% 214.473 82.808* 93.9/km2 (243.2/sq mi)
Benemérito de las Américas Benemérito de las Américas 20,193 17,282 +16.8% 1,096.696 423.437* 18.4/km2 (47.7/sq mi)
Berriozábal Berriozábal 51,722 43,179 +19.8% 353.153 136.353* 146.5/km2 (379.3/sq mi) May 30, 1898
Bochil Bochil 34,997 30,642 +14.2% 366.423 141.477* 95.5/km2 (247.4/sq mi) August 28, 1929
Cacahoatán Cacahoatán 45,594 43,811 +4.1% 174.803 67.492* 260.8/km2 (675.5/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Capitán Luis Ángel Vidal Capitán Luis Ángel Vidal
Catazajá Catazajá 17,065 17,140 −0.4% 631.764 243.925* 27.0/km2 (70.0/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Chalchihuitán Chalchihuitán 16,803 14,027 +19.8% 185.909 71.780* 90.4/km2 (234.1/sq mi)
Chamula Chamula 87,332 76,941 +13.5% 345.665 133.462* 252.6/km2 (654.4/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Chanal Chanal 12,181 10,817 +12.6% 408.067 157.556* 29.9/km2 (77.3/sq mi)
Chapultenango Chapultenango 7,644 7,332 +4.3% 182.022 70.279* 42.0/km2 (108.8/sq mi) September 4, 1837
Chenalhó Chenalhó 39,648 36,111 +9.8% 252.233 97.388* 157.2/km2 (407.1/sq mi)
Chiapa de Corzo Chiapa de Corzo 100,751 87,603 +15.0% 833.390 321.774* 120.9/km2 (313.1/sq mi)
Chiapilla Chiapilla 5,899 5,405 +9.1% 51.578 19.914* 114.4/km2 (296.2/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Chicoasén Chicoasén 5,000 5,018 −0.4% 115.721 44.680* 43.2/km2 (111.9/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Chicomuselo Chicomuselo 34,744 31,515 +10.2% 999.914 386.069* 34.7/km2 (90.0/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Chilón Chilón 127,914 111,554 +14.7% 1,685.164 650.645* 75.9/km2 (196.6/sq mi) September 4, 1837
Cintalapa Cintalapa de Figueroa 84,455 78,114 +8.1% 2,448.753 945.469* 34.5/km2 (89.3/sq mi)
Coapilla Coapilla 9,210 8,444 +9.1% 155.526 60.049* 59.2/km2 (153.4/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Comitán de Domínguez Comitán de Domínguez 153,448 141,013 +8.8% 981.194 378.841* 156.4/km2 (405.0/sq mi) September 4, 1837
Copainalá Copainalá 21,800 21,050 +3.6% 347.565 134.196* 62.7/km2 (162.4/sq mi) September 4, 1837
El Bosque El Bosque 22,606 18,559 +21.8% 159.685 61.655* 141.6/km2 (366.7/sq mi)
El Parral El Parral
El Porvenir El Porvenir 14,121 13,201 +7.0% 82.953 32.028* 170.2/km2 (440.9/sq mi)
Emiliano Zapata 20 de Noviembre
Escuintla Escuintla 31,822 30,068 +5.8% 418.356 161.528* 76.1/km2 (197.0/sq mi)
Francisco León Rivera el Viejo Carmen 7,430 7,000 +6.1% 210.787 81.385* 35.2/km2 (91.3/sq mi)
Frontera Comalapa Frontera Comalapa 73,436 67,012 +9.6% 767.138 296.194* 95.7/km2 (247.9/sq mi)
Frontera Hidalgo Frontera Hidalgo 14,416 12,665 +13.8% 94.382 36.441* 152.7/km2 (395.6/sq mi)
Huehuetán Huehuetán 35,017 33,444 +4.7% 304.259 117.475* 115.1/km2 (298.1/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Huitiupán Huitiupán 23,172 22,536 +2.8% 340.225 131.362* 68.1/km2 (176.4/sq mi)
Huixtán Huixtán 23,625 21,507 +9.8% 311.824 120.396* 75.8/km2 (196.2/sq mi)
Huixtla Huixtla 54,332 51,359 +5.8% 397.551 153.495* 136.7/km2 (354.0/sq mi)
Ixhuatán Ixhuatan 11,342 10,239 +10.8% 94.676 36.555* 119.8/km2 (310.3/sq mi)
Ixtacomitán Ixtacomitán 10,772 10,176 +5.9% 125.662 48.518* 85.7/km2 (222.0/sq mi)
Ixtapa Ixtapa 27,198 24,517 +10.9% 280.018 108.116* 97.1/km2 (251.6/sq mi)
Ixtapangajoya Ixtapangajoya 5,384 5,478 −1.7% 107.595 41.543* 50.0/km2 (129.6/sq mi)
Jiquipilas Jiquipilas 39,109 37,818 +3.4% 1,305.749 504.153* 30.0/km2 (77.6/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Jitotol Jitotol 20,606 18,683 +10.3% 236.373 91.264* 87.2/km2 (225.8/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Juárez Juárez 21,222 21,084 +0.7% 745.208 287.726* 28.5/km2 (73.8/sq mi)
La Concordia La Concordia 46,405 44,082 +5.3% 2,580.746 996.432* 18.0/km2 (46.6/sq mi) February 14, 1849
La Grandeza La Grandeza 7,057 7,272 −3.0% 48.862 18.866* 144.4/km2 (374.1/sq mi)
La Independencia La Independencia 44,891 41,266 +8.8% 516.081 199.260* 87.0/km2 (225.3/sq mi)
La Libertad La Libertad 4,915 4,974 −1.2% 458.096 176.872* 10.7/km2 (27.8/sq mi)
La Trinitaria La Trinitaria 76,917 72,769 +5.7% 1,608.376 620.997* 47.8/km2 (123.9/sq mi)
Larráinzar San Andrés Larráinzar 23,889 20,349 +17.4% 149.292 57.642* 160.0/km2 (414.4/sq mi)
Las Margaritas Las Margaritas 122,821 111,484 +10.2% 3,025.707 1,168.232* 40.6/km2 (105.1/sq mi)
Las Rosas Las Rosas 28,261 25,530 +10.7% 235.612 90.970* 119.9/km2 (310.7/sq mi)
Mapastepec Mapastepec 47,932 43,913 +9.2% 1,223.867 472.538* 39.2/km2 (101.4/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Maravilla Tenejapa Maravilla Tenejapa 12,945 11,451 +13.0% 637.119 245.993* 20.3/km2 (52.6/sq mi)
Marqués de Comillas Zamora Pico de Oro 11,444 9,856 +16.1% 912.402 352.280* 12.5/km2 (32.5/sq mi)
Mazapa de Madero Mazapa de Madero 7,769 7,793 −0.3% 110.689 42.737* 70.2/km2 (181.8/sq mi)
Mazatán Mazatán 29,239 26,573 +10.0% 383.990 148.259* 76.1/km2 (197.2/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Metapa Metapa de Domínguez 5,743 5,033 +14.1% 27.325 10.550* 210.2/km2 (544.3/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Mezcalapa Raudales Malpaso November 14, 2011[16]
Mitontic Mitontic 11,906 11,157 +6.7% 36.690 14.166* 324.5/km2 (840.5/sq mi)
Montecristo de Guerrero Montecristo de Guerrero 7,682 6,900 +11.3% 198.593 76.677* 38.7/km2 (100.2/sq mi)
Motozintla Motozintla de Mendoza 72,967 69,119 +5.6% 586.389 226.406* 124.4/km2 (322.3/sq mi)
Nicolás Ruíz Nicolás Ruíz 4,262 4,317 −1.3% 29.629 11.440* 143.8/km2 (372.6/sq mi)
Ocosingo Ocosingo 218,893 198,877 +10.1% 9,520.117 3,675.738* 23.0/km2 (59.6/sq mi)
Ocotepec Ocotepec 12,508 11,878 +5.3% 61.341 23.684* 203.9/km2 (528.1/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Ocozocoautla de Espinosa Ocozocoautla de Espinosa 92,103 82,059 +12.2% 2,102.522 811.788* 43.8/km2 (113.5/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Ostuacán Ostuacán 18,128 17,067 +6.2% 600.458 231.838* 30.2/km2 (78.2/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Osumacinta Osumacinta 3,682 3,792 −2.9% 92.607 35.756* 39.8/km2 (103.0/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Oxchuc Oxchuc 48,126 43,350 +11.0% 417.852 161.334* 115.2/km2 (298.3/sq mi)
Palenque Palenque 119,826 110,918 +8.0% 2,897.443 1,118.709* 41.4/km2 (107.1/sq mi)
Pantelhó Pantelhó 22,011 20,589 +6.9% 193.181 74.588* 113.9/km2 (295.1/sq mi)
Pantepec Pantepec 12,136 10,870 +11.6% 106.025 40.936* 114.5/km2 (296.5/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Pichucalco Pichucalco 31,107 29,813 +4.3% 595.087 229.764* 52.3/km2 (135.4/sq mi)
Pijijiapan Pijijiapan 53,525 50,079 +6.9% 1,762.766 680.608* 30.4/km2 (78.6/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Pueblo Nuevo Solistahuacán Pueblo Nuevo Solistahuacán 31,942 31,075 +2.8% 248.252 95.851* 128.7/km2 (333.2/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Rayón Rayón 9,578 9,002 +6.4% 67.903 26.217* 141.1/km2 (365.3/sq mi)
Reforma Reforma 45,104 40,711 +10.8% 436.298 168.456* 103.4/km2 (267.8/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Rincón Chamula San Pedro[b] Rincón Chamula
Sabanilla Sabanilla 26,921 25,187 +6.9% 250.776 96.825* 107.4/km2 (278.0/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Salto de Agua Salto de Agua 63,446 57,253 +10.8% 1,232.272 475.783* 51.5/km2 (133.4/sq mi) December 11, 1882
San Andrés Duraznal San Andrés Duraznal 5,163 4,545 +13.6% 38.464 14.851* 134.2/km2 (347.7/sq mi)
San Cristóbal de las Casas San Cristóbal de las Casas 209,591 185,917 +12.7% 395.504 152.705* 529.9/km2 (1,372.5/sq mi)
San Fernando San Fernando 39,204 33,060 +18.6% 360.743 139.284* 108.7/km2 (281.5/sq mi) December 11, 1882
San Juan Cancuc San Juan Cancuc 34,829 29,016 +20.0% 173.620 67.035* 200.6/km2 (519.6/sq mi)
San Lucas San Lucas 7,202 6,734 +6.9% 94.354 36.430* 76.3/km2 (197.7/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Santiago el Pinar Santiago el Pinar 3,684 3,245 +13.5% 16.591 6.406* 222.0/km2 (575.1/sq mi)
Siltepec Siltepec 35,192 38,143 −7.7% 879.085 339.417* 40.0/km2 (103.7/sq mi)
Simojovel Simojovel de Allende 44,295 40,297 +9.9% 314.987 121.617* 140.6/km2 (364.2/sq mi)
Sitalá Sitalá 13,844 12,269 +12.8% 105.754 40.832* 130.9/km2 (339.0/sq mi)
Socoltenango Socoltenango 18,539 17,125 +8.3% 634.914 245.142* 29.2/km2 (75.6/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Solosuchiapa Solosuchiapa 8,082 8,065 +0.2% 156.842 60.557* 51.5/km2 (133.5/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Soyaló Soyaló 10,707 9,740 +9.9% 96.406 37.223* 111.1/km2 (287.6/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Suchiapa Suchiapa 24,049 21,045 +14.3% 284.847 109.980* 84.4/km2 (218.7/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Suchiate Ciudad Hidalgo 38,797 35,056 +10.7% 236.976 91.497* 163.7/km2 (424.0/sq mi)
Sunuapa Sunuapa 2,283 2,235 +2.1% 78.591 30.344* 29.0/km2 (75.2/sq mi)
Tapachula Tapachula 348,156 320,451 +8.6% 983.646 379.788* 353.9/km2 (916.7/sq mi)
Tapalapa Tapalapa 3,839 4,121 −6.8% 66.318 25.606* 57.9/km2 (149.9/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Tapilula Tapilula 12,887 12,170 +5.9% 42.735 16.500* 301.6/km2 (781.0/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Tecpatán Tecpatán 41,305 41,045 +0.6% 1,260.523 486.691* 32.8/km2 (84.9/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Tenejapa Tenejapa 43,593 40,268 +8.3% 193.124 74.566* 225.7/km2 (584.6/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Teopisca Teopisca 43,175 37,607 +14.8% 284.444 109.824* 151.8/km2 (393.1/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Tila Tila 77,554 71,432 +8.6% 803.893 310.385* 96.5/km2 (249.9/sq mi) September 12, 1824
Tonalá Tonala 89,178 84,594 +5.4% 1,858.922 717.734* 48.0/km2 (124.2/sq mi) September 12, 1824
Totolapa Totolapa 7,284 6,375 +14.3% 169.102 65.291* 43.1/km2 (111.6/sq mi) March 6, 1876
Tumbalá Tumbalá 34,305 31,723 +8.1% 403.521 155.800* 85.0/km2 (220.2/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Tuxtla Chico Tuxtla Chico 41,823 37,737 +10.8% 161.948 62.528* 258.2/km2 (668.9/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Tuxtla GutiérrezState capital Tuxtla Gutiérrez 598,710 553,374 +8.2% 336.071 129.758* 1,781.5/km2 (4,614.1/sq mi) September 12, 1824
Tuzantán Tuzantán 31,755 28,137 +12.9% 174.868 67.517* 181.6/km2 (470.3/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Tzimol Tzimol 15,316 14,009 +9.3% 359.439 138.780* 42.6/km2 (110.4/sq mi) April 1, 1931
Unión Juárez Unión Juárez 15,350 14,089 +9.0% 62.258 24.038* 246.6/km2 (638.6/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Venustiano Carranza Venustiano Carranza 65,009 61,341 +6.0% 1,364.648 526.894* 47.6/km2 (123.4/sq mi) September 12, 1824
Villa Comaltitlán Villa Comaltitlán 28,961 27,899 +3.8% 447.048 172.606* 64.8/km2 (167.8/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Villa Corzo Villa Corzo 79,003 74,477 +6.1% 2,764.482 1,067.372* 28.6/km2 (74.0/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Villaflores Villaflores 104,833 98,618 +6.3% 1,907.899 736.644* 54.9/km2 (142.3/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Yajalón Yajalón 37,833 34,028 +11.2% 209.958 81.065* 180.2/km2 (466.7/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Zinacantán Zinacantán 41,112 36,489 +12.7% 195.263 75.391* 210.5/km2 (545.3/sq mi) December 11, 1882
Chiapas 5,217,908 4,796,580 +8.8% 73,560.469 28,401.856* 70.9/km2 (183.7/sq mi)
Mexico[18] 119,938,473 112,336,538 +6.8% 1,972,550 761,610* 60.8/km2 (157.5/sq mi)


Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Municipal authorities elected in 2015 were rejected by the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation as contrary to its 2012 order prohibiting the naming of municipal authorities in the area, which is disputed by Oaxaca.[5] INEGI does not include it within its National Geostatistical Framework.[15]
  2. ^ Rincon Chamula San Pedro became a municipality in 2017 and thus does not have population or area figures.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Encuesta Intercensal 2015" (PDF) (in Spanish). INEGI. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 29, 2017. Retrieved July 28, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Resumen" (in Spanish). Cuentame INEGI. Archived from the original on June 2, 2013. Retrieved February 12, 2013. 
  3. ^ Article 2, Constitución Política del Estado Libre y Soberano de Chiapas, September 6, 2017 (in Spanish). Retrieved on January 5, 2018.
  4. ^ "En 2018 sí habrá elecciones en nuevos municipios de Chiapas: SGG". El Estado (in Spanish). September 21, 2017. Retrieved January 5, 2018. 
  5. ^ a b "Desaparecen Concejo Municipal por controversia constitucional" (in Spanish). MuralChiapas. April 20, 2016. Retrieved March 25, 2018. 
  6. ^ "Honduras de la Sierra, el nuevo municipio Chiapas" (in Spanish). Diario Ultimátum. April 25, 2018. Retrieved May 4, 2018. 
  7. ^ Article 115, Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos, 1917 (in Spanish). Retrieved on September 27, 2017.
  8. ^ OECD (Nov 12, 2004). New Forms of Governance for Economic Development. OECD Publishing. p. 121. ISBN 9264015329. 
  9. ^ a b International Business Publications (2009). Mexico Company Laws and Regulations Handbook. p. 42. ISBN 1-4330-7030-8. 
  10. ^ a b "Número de habitantes". INEGI. Retrieved July 15, 2017. 
  11. ^ a b "Unidad de Microrregiones Cedulas de Informacion Municipal (SCIM)" (in Spanish). Secretara de Desarrollo Social. Retrieved November 18, 2017. 
  12. ^ "Tabulados de la Encuesta Intercensal 2015" (xls) (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved July 15, 2017. 
  13. ^ "Localidades y su población por municipio segun tamaño de localidad" (PDF) (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved March 11, 2018. 
  14. ^ Estado de Chiapas División Territorial de 1810 a 1995 (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico: INEGI. 1996. p. 79-95. ISBN 970-13-1491-3. 
  15. ^ "Catálogo Único de Claves de Áreas Geoestadísticas Estatales, Municipales y Localidades". INEGI. November 2017. Retrieved 9 February 2018. 
  16. ^ http://www.chiapas.gob.mx/gobierno-municipales/mezcalapa
  17. ^ https://noticieros.televisa.com/ultimas-noticias/estados/2017-12-19/rincon-chamula-san-pedro-se-oficializa-como-municipio-123-chiapas/
  18. ^ "Población". INEGI. Retrieved January 20, 2018.