Municipalities of Hidalgo

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Map of Mexico with Hidalgo highlighted
Map of Mexico with Hidalgo highlighted

Hidalgo is a state in East Mexico that is divided into 84 municipalities.[1] According to the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, Hidalgo is the 17th most populous state with 2,858,359 inhabitants and the 26th largest by land area spanning 20,813 square kilometres (8,036 sq mi).[1][2]

Municipalities in Hidalgo are administratively autonomous of the state according to the 115th article of the 1917 Constitution of Mexico.[3] Every three years, citizens elect a municipal president (Spanish: presidente municipal) by a plurality voting system who heads a concurrently elected municipal council (ayuntamiento) responsible for providing all the public services for their constituents. The municipal council consists of a variable number of trustees and councillors (regidores y síndicos).[4] Municipalities are responsible for public services (such as water and sewerage), street lighting, public safety, traffic, supervision of slaughterhouses and the maintenance of public parks, gardens and cemeteries.[5] They may also assist the state and federal governments in education, emergency fire and medical services, environmental protection and maintenance of monuments and historical landmarks. Since 1984, they have had the power to collect property taxes and user fees, although more funds are obtained from the state and federal governments than from their own income.[5]

The largest municipality by population in Hidalgo is Pachuca de Soto, with 277,375 residents, and the smallest is Eloxochitlán with 2,667 residents.[1] The largest municipality by area in Hidalgo is Zimapán, which spans 824.20 km2 (318.23 sq mi), while Tlahuelilpan is the smallest at 28.20 km2 (10.89 sq mi).[2] The first municipality to incorporate was Huichapan on March 11, 1824, and the newest municipality is Progreso de Obregón which incorporated January 8, 1970.[6]

Municipalities[edit]

State capital State capital

Name Municipal seat Population
(2015)[1][7]
Population
(2010)[8]
Change Land area [2] Population density
(2015)
Incorporation date[6]
km2 sq mi
Acatlán Acatlán 21,044 20,077 +4.8% 241.6 93.28 87.1/km2 (225.6/sq mi) August 8, 1865
Acaxochitlán Acaxochitlán 43,774 40,583 +7.9% 238.9 92.24 183.9/km2 (476.4/sq mi) February 15, 1826
Actopan Actopan 56,429 54,299 +3.9% 271.9 104.98 207.5/km2 (537.5/sq mi) August 6, 1824
Agua Blanca de Iturbide Agua Blanca de Iturbide 9,116 8,994 +1.4% 120.0 46.33 76.0/km2 (196.8/sq mi) March 27, 1874
Ajacuba Ajacuba 18,320 17,055 +7.4% 253.1 97.72 72.4/km2 (187.5/sq mi) June 16, 1936
Alfajayucan Alfajayucan 20,332 18,879 +7.7% 433.5 167.38 46.9/km2 (121.5/sq mi) February 15, 1826
Almoloya Almoloya 12,310 11,294 +9.0% 272.3 105.14 45.2/km2 (117.1/sq mi) October 17, 1868
Apan Apan 44,576 42,563 +4.7% 322.2 124.40 138.3/km2 (358.3/sq mi) August 6, 1824
El Arenal El Arenal 18,807 17,374 +8.2% 137.6 53.13 136.7/km2 (354.0/sq mi) February 15, 1826
Atitalaquía Atitalaquía 29,683 26,904 +10.3% 63.4 24.48 468.2/km2 (1,212.6/sq mi) February 15, 1826
Atlapexco Atlapexco 19,902 19,452 +2.3% 142.7 55.10 139.5/km2 (361.2/sq mi) December 7, 1870
Atotonilco El Grande Atotonilco El Grande 27,433 26,940 +1.8% 457.1 176.49 60.0/km2 (155.4/sq mi) February 15, 1826
Atotonilco de Tula Atotonilco de Tula 38,564 31,078 +24.1% 121.3 46.83 317.9/km2 (823.4/sq mi) May 31, 1867
Calnali Calnali 17,163 16,962 +1.2% 211.0 81.47 81.3/km2 (210.7/sq mi) February 15, 1826
Cardonal Cardonal 18,346 18,426 −0.4% 593.6 229.19 30.9/km2 (80.0/sq mi) March 6, 1827
Cuautepec de Hinojosa Cuautepec de Hinojosa 58,301 54,500 +7.0% 391.4 151.12 149.0/km2 (385.8/sq mi) August 8, 1865
Chapantongo Chapantongo 13,789 12,271 +12.4% 278.3 107.45 49.5/km2 (128.3/sq mi) May 31, 1865
Chapulhuacán Chapulhuacán 23,961 22,402 +7.0% 232.3 89.69 103.1/km2 (267.1/sq mi) February 15, 1826
Chilcuautla Chilcuautla 18,169 17,436 +4.2% 222.8 86.02 81.5/km2 (211.2/sq mi) June 2, 1850
Eloxochitlán Eloxochitlán 2,667 2,800 −4.7% 239.5 92.47 11.1/km2 (28.8/sq mi) September 21, 1937
Emiliano Zapata Emiliano Zapata 14,825 13,357 +11.0% 123.0 47.49 120.5/km2 (312.2/sq mi) November 11, 1942
Epazoyucan Epazoyucan 14,693 13,830 +6.2% 139.6 53.90 105.3/km2 (272.6/sq mi) August 8, 1865
Francisco I. Madero Tepatepec [es] 35,872 33,901 +5.8% 105.0 40.54 341.6/km2 (884.8/sq mi) May 16, 1927
Huasca de Ocampo Huasca de Ocampo 17,728 17,182 +3.2% 302.8 116.91 58.5/km2 (151.6/sq mi) February 15, 1826
Huautla Huautla 21,244 22,621 −6.1% 292.3 112.86 72.7/km2 (188.2/sq mi) February 15, 1826
Huazalingo Huazalingo 13,986 12,779 +9.4% 107.5 41.51 130.1/km2 (337.0/sq mi) February 15, 1826
Huehuetla Huehuetla 25,989 23,563 +10.3% 214.8 82.93 121.0/km2 (313.4/sq mi) April 26, 1827
Huejutla de Reyes Huejutla de Reyes 129,919 122,905 +5.7% 394.1 152.16 329.7/km2 (853.8/sq mi) August 6, 1824
Huichapan Huichapan 45,959 44,253 +3.9% 660.7 255.10 69.6/km2 (180.2/sq mi) March 11, 1824
Ixmiquilpan Ixmiquilpan 93,502 86,363 +8.3% 486.6 187.88 192.2/km2 (497.7/sq mi) August 6, 1824
Jacala de Ledezma Jacala 13,399 12,804 +4.6% 441.0 170.27 30.4/km2 (78.7/sq mi) February 15, 1826
Jaltocan Jaltocan 11,818 10,933 +8.1% 48.8 18.84 299.9/km2 (776.9/sq mi) February 15, 1826
Juárez Hidalgo Juárez 3,108 3,193 −2.7% 38.4 14.83 80.9/km2 (209.6/sq mi) October 1, 1920
Lolotla Lolotla 9,461 9,843 −3.9% 177.1 68.38 53.4/km2 (138.4/sq mi) February 15, 1826
Metepec Metepec 11,801 11,429 +3.3% 146.3 56.49 80.7/km2 (208.9/sq mi) August 8, 1865
San Agustín Metzquititlán Mezquititlán 9,437 9,364 +0.8% 245.7 94.87 38.4/km2 (99.5/sq mi) February 15, 1826
Metztitlán Metztitlán 20,111 21,623 −7.0% 796.9 307.68 25.2/km2 (65.4/sq mi) August 6, 1824
Mineral del Chico Mineral del Chico 9,028 7,980 +13.1% 193.8 74.83 46.6/km2 (120.7/sq mi) March 13, 1828
Mineral del Monte Mineral del Monte 14,640 13,864 +5.6% 53.4 20.62 274.2/km2 (710.1/sq mi) February 15, 1826
La Misión La Misión 10,139 10,452 −3.0% 232.8 89.88 43.6/km2 (112.8/sq mi) September 21, 1920
Mixquiahuala de Juárez Mixquiahuala 46,224 42,843 +7.9% 136.6 52.74 338.4/km2 (876.4/sq mi) February 15, 1826
Molango de Escamilla Molango 11,587 11,209 +3.4% 198.3 76.56 58.4/km2 (151.3/sq mi) February 15, 1826
Nicolás Flores Nicolás Flores 7,031 6,614 +6.3% 249.7 96.41 28.2/km2 (72.9/sq mi) March 3, 1870
Nopala de Villagrán Nopala 16,898 15,666 +7.9% 341.3 131.78 49.5/km2 (128.2/sq mi) February 15, 1826
Omitlán de Juárez Omitlán de Juárez 9,636 8,963 +7.5% 79.7 30.77 120.9/km2 (313.1/sq mi) August 8, 1865
San Felipe Orizatlán Orizatlán 38,952 39,181 −0.6% 323.9 125.06 120.3/km2 (311.5/sq mi) February 15, 1826
Pacula Pacula 5,139 5,049 +1.8% 385.2 148.73 13.3/km2 (34.6/sq mi) January 16, 1869
Pachuca de Soto Pachuca 277,375 267,862 +3.6% 154.1 59.50 1,800.0/km2 (4,661.9/sq mi) August 6, 1824
Pisaflores Pisaflores 17,379 18,244 −4.7% 180.2 69.58 96.4/km2 (249.8/sq mi) August 25, 1877
Progreso de Obregón Progreso 23,451 22,217 +5.6% 91.0 35.14 257.7/km2 (667.4/sq mi) January 8, 1970
Mineral de la Reforma Pachuquilla 150,176 127,404 +17.9% 115.2 44.48 1,303.6/km2 (3,376.3/sq mi) April 13, 1920
San Agustín Tlaxiaca San Agustín Tlaxiaca 36,079 32,057 +12.5% 297.2 114.75 121.4/km2 (314.4/sq mi) October 16, 1872
San Bartolo Tutotepec San Bartolo Tutotepec 18,986 18,137 +4.7% 358.5 138.42 53.0/km2 (137.2/sq mi) August 8, 1865
San Salvador San Salvador 35,547 32,773 +8.5% 205.7 79.42 172.8/km2 (447.6/sq mi) December 28, 1870
Santiago de Anaya Santiago de Anaya 17,032 16,014 +6.4% 256.2 98.92 66.5/km2 (172.2/sq mi) December 28, 1870
Santiago Tulantepec de Lugo Guerrero Santiago Tulantepec 37,292 33,495 +11.3% 64.3 24.83 580.0/km2 (1,502.1/sq mi) April 1, 1944
Singuilucan Singuilucan 16,235 14,851 +9.3% 420.2 162.24 38.6/km2 (100.1/sq mi) March 6, 1827
Tasquillo Tasquillo 16,403 16,865 −2.7% 240.0 92.66 68.3/km2 (177.0/sq mi) February 15, 1861
Tecozautla Tecozautla 37,674 35,067 +7.4% 535.1 206.60 70.4/km2 (182.3/sq mi) May 31, 1865
Tenango de Doria Tenango de Doria 18,766 17,206 +9.1% 176.6 68.19 106.3/km2 (275.2/sq mi) February 15, 1826
Tepeapulco Tepeapulco 54,373 51,664 +5.2% 242.9 93.78 223.8/km2 (579.8/sq mi) February 15, 1826
Tepehuacán de Guerrero Tepehuacán de Guerrero 30,750 29,125 +5.6% 347.3 134.09 88.5/km2 (229.2/sq mi) September 28, 1882
Tepeji del Rio de Ocampo Tepeji del Rio de Ocampo 87,442 80,612 +8.5% 353.4 136.45 247.4/km2 (640.8/sq mi) August 8, 1865
Tepetitlán Tepetitlán 10,932 9,940 +10.0% 147.9 57.10 73.9/km2 (191.4/sq mi) September 29, 1871
Tetepango Tetepango 11,624 11,112 +4.6% 44.9 17.34 258.9/km2 (670.5/sq mi) August 8, 1865
Villa de Tezontepec Tezontepec 12,413 11,654 +6.5% 90.7 35.02 136.9/km2 (354.5/sq mi) August 8, 1865
Tezontepec de Aldama Tezontepec de Aldama 53,009 48,025 +10.4% 163.3 63.05 324.6/km2 (840.7/sq mi) May 31, 1865
Tianguistengo Tianguistengo 15,122 14,037 +7.7% 255.5 98.65 59.2/km2 (153.3/sq mi) February 15, 1826
Tizayuca Tizayuca 119,442 97,461 +22.6% 76.7 29.61 1,557.3/km2 (4,033.3/sq mi) February 15, 1826
Tlahuelilpan Tlahuelilpan 19,389 17,153 +13.0% 28.2 10.89 687.9/km2 (1,781.6/sq mi) November 8, 1969
Tlahuiltepa Tlahuiltepa 10,376 9,753 +6.4% 531.6 205.25 19.5/km2 (50.6/sq mi) September 29, 1871
Tlanalapa Tlanalapa 10,342 10,284 +0.6% 82.9 32.01 124.8/km2 (323.1/sq mi) August 8, 1865
Tlanchinol Tlanchinol 39,772 36,382 +9.3% 392.1 151.39 101.4/km2 (262.7/sq mi) February 15, 1826
Tlaxcoapan Tlaxcoapan 28,490 26,758 +6.5% 42.3 16.33 673.5/km2 (1,744.4/sq mi) May 31, 1865
Tolcayuca Tolcayuca 16,733 13,228 +26.5% 117.2 45.25 142.8/km2 (369.8/sq mi) August 8, 1865
Tula de Allende Tula de Allende 109,093 103,919 +5.0% 336.1 129.77 324.6/km2 (840.7/sq mi) August 6, 1824
Tulancingo de Bravo Tulancingo 161,069 151,584 +6.3% 217.4 83.94 740.9/km2 (1,918.9/sq mi) August 6, 1824
Xochiatipan Xochiatipan 19,752 19,067 +3.6% 135.4 52.28 145.9/km2 (377.8/sq mi) March 6, 1827
Xochicoatlán Xochicoatlán 7,706 7,320 +5.3% 187.1 72.24 41.2/km2 (106.7/sq mi) February 15, 1826
Yahualica Yahualica 24,173 23,607 +2.4% 154.4 59.61 156.6/km2 (405.5/sq mi) August 6, 1824
Zacualtipan de Ángeles Zacualtipan 34,720 32,437 +7.0% 272.7 105.29 127.3/km2 (329.8/sq mi) April 8, 1825
Zapotlán de Juárez Zapotlán de Juárez 18,748 18,036 +3.9% 117.0 45.17 160.2/km2 (415.0/sq mi) September 8, 1935
Zempoala Zempoala 45,382 39,143 +15.9% 317.9 122.74 142.8/km2 (369.7/sq mi) August 6, 1824
Zimapán Zimapán 40,201 38,516 +4.4% 824.2 318.23 48.8/km2 (126.3/sq mi) August 6, 1824
Hidalgo 2,858,359 2,665,018 +7.3% 20,813 8,035.94 137.3/km2 (355.7/sq mi)
Mexico[9] 119,938,473 112,336,538 +6.8% 1,972,550 761,606 60.8/km2 (157.5/sq mi)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Número de habitantes". INEGI (National Institute of Statistics and Geography). Retrieved July 15, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c "Unidad de Microrregiones, Cédulas de Información Municipal (SCIM)" (in Spanish). SEDESOL. Retrieved November 18, 2017.
  3. ^ "Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos". Article 115,  of 1917 (in Spanish). Retrieved September 27, 2017.
  4. ^ OECD (November 12, 2004). New Forms of Governance for Economic Development. OECD Publishing. p. 121. ISBN 9264015329.
  5. ^ a b International Business Publications (2009). Mexico Company Laws and Regulations Handbook. p. 42. ISBN 1-4330-7030-8.
  6. ^ a b Estado de Hidalgo. División Territorial de 1810 a 1995 (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico: INEGI. 1996. p. 79. ISBN 970-13-1491-3.
  7. ^ "Tabulados de la Encuesta Intercensal 2015" (xls) (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
  8. ^ "Localidades y su población por municipio según tamaño de localidad" (PDF) (in Spanish). INEGI. February 28, 2011. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
  9. ^ "Población" (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved January 20, 2018.