Municipalities of Kosovo

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Map of Kosovo's Municipalities

A municipality (Albanian: komunë, Serbian: општина/ opština) is the basic administrative division in Kosovo.[a] There are 38 municipalities in Kosovo; 27 of which have Albanian majority, 10–Serb and 1–Turkish (Mamusha). After the 2013 Brussels Agreement between the governments of Kosovo and Serbia, Serbia recognised the municipalities and the Republic's governance of the territory, and agreed to create an association of Serb-majority municipalities, which will operate within the Kosovo legal framework.[1]

List of municipalities[edit]

Name used on Wikipedia
(most common version in English)
Official name (Albanian) Official name (Serbian) Population (2011)[b] Area (km2) Density (km2) Settlements
Deçan Deçan Dečani 38,984 180 216.6 37
Dragaš Dragash Dragaš 33,997 435 78.2 35
Elez Han Hani i Elezit Elez Han 9,389 83 113.1 11
Ferizaj Ferizaj Uroševac 108,690 345 315 45
Gjakova Gjakova Đakovica 94,557 587 161.1 91
Gjilan Gjilan Gnjilane 90,015 385 233.8 54
Glogovac Gllogoc/Drenas Glogovac 58,531 290 201.8 37
Gračanica Gracanicë Gračanica 10,675 131 81.5 16
Istok Istog/Burim Istok 39,289 454 86.5 50
Junik Junik Junik 6,078 86 70.7 10
Kaçanik Kaçanik Kačanik 33,454 221 151.4 31
Kamenica Kamenicë/Dardanë Kosovska Kamenica 35,600 423 84.2 58
Klina Klinë Klina 38,496 308 125 54
Klokot Kllokot Klokot 2,556 24 106.5 4
Kosovo Polje Fushë Kosovë Kosovo Polje 34,827 83 419.6 15
Leposavić Leposaviq Leposavić 18,600 539 34.5 42
Lipljan Lipjan Lipljan 57,605 422 136.5 70
Mališevo Malishevë Mališevo 59,722 361 165.4 43
Mamuša Mamushë Mamuša 5,507 11 500.6
Mitrovica Mitrovicë Kosovska Mitrovica 71,909 350 205.5 45
North Mitrovica Mitrovica Veriore Severna Kosovska Mitrovica 29,460 11 2,678.2
Novo Brdo Novobërdë/Artanë Novo Brdo 6,729 204 33 24
Obilić Obiliq/Kastriot Obilić 21,549 105 205.2 19
Orahovac Rahovec Orahovac 55,053 276 199.5 32
Parteš Partesh Parteš 1,787 18 99.3 3
Peć Pejë Peć 96,450 603 160 14
Pristina Prishtinë Priština 198,897 572 347.7 41
Prizren Prizren Prizren 177,781 284 626 74
Podujevo Besianë Podujevo 90,499 663 133.5 76
Ranilug Ranillug Ranilug 3,866 78 49.6 18
Skenderaj Skënderaj Srbica 50,858 378 134.5 49
Štrpce Shtërpcë Štrpce 6,949 247 28.1 16
Štimlje Shtime Štimlje 27,324 134 203.9 23
Suva Reka Suharekë/Therandë Suva Reka 54,613 306 178.5 42
Vitina Viti Vitina 46,959 278 168.9 39
Vučitrn Vushtrri Vučitrn 69,870 344 203.1 67
Zubin Potok Zubin Potoku Zubin Potok 14,900 333 44.7 29
Zvečan Zveçan Zvečan 16,650 122 136.5 35
Kosovo
1,816,675 10,908 170 1,339

Powers of municipalities[edit]

The planned Community of Serb Municipalities in Kosovo

All municipalities have the following competences, as regulated by Law Nr. 03/L-040 of the Constitution of Kosovo:[2]

  1. Local economic development.
  2. Urban and rural planning.
  3. Land use and development.
  4. Implementation of building regulations and building control standards.
  5. Local environmental protection.
  6. Provision and maintenance of public services and utilities, including water supply, sewers and drains, sewage treatment, waste management, local roads, local transport and local heating schemes.
  7. Local emergency response.
  8. Provision of public pre-primary, primary and secondary education, including registration and licensing of educational institutions, recruitment, payment of salaries and training of education instructors and administrators.
  9. Provision of public primary health care.
  10. Provision of family and other social welfare services, such as care for the vulnerable, foster care, child care, elderly care, including registration and licensing of these care centers, recruitment, payment of salaries and training of social welfare professionals.
  11. Public housing.
  12. Public health.
  13. Licensing of local services and facilities, including those related to entertainment, cultural and leisure activities, food, lodging, markets, street vendors, local public transportation and taxis.
  14. Naming of roads, streets and other public places.
  15. Provision and maintenance of public parks and spaces.
  16. Tourism.
  17. Cultural and leisure activities.
  18. Any matter which is not explicitly excluded from their competence nor assigned to other authorities.

In addition, all municipalities with Serb majorities have additional powers over the appointment of local police commanders, religious and cultural heritage sites within their boundaries; some of them have competences over universities and secondary health which in non-Serb-majority municipalities are a matter for central government (and, through the right of association of municipalities, even those Serb-majority municipalities which are not specifically given these powers may exercise them in association with those that do).

The Community of Serbian municipalities [3] (Serbian: Заједница српских општина / Zajednica Srpskih Opština; Albanian: Asociacioni i komunave serbe) is an association of municipalities with significant Serbian population, which was expected to be created in 2015 but has been indefinitely postponed over conflicts about extent of powers. The association came as a result of the 2013 Brussels Agreement signed by the Government of Kosovo and the Government of Serbia.

Former municipalities[edit]

Between 1990 and 2000 in the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija there were the following additional municipalities:

In 2000 both were merged into the new municipality of Dragash. The number of municipalities remained 30 until 2005, because at the same time the new municipality of Malishevë was formed by taking territories from the municipalities of Rahovec (District of Gjakova), Suharekë (District of Prizren), Klinë (District of Pejë) and Gllogovc (District of Prishtinë).

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes:

a. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has received formal recognition as an independent state from 111 out of 193 United Nations member states.
b.   ^ Due to the boycott by most municipalities in the north in the 2011 Kosovo census, the exact number of the population of Leposavić, North Mitrovica, Zubin Potok and Zvečan is unknown. Estimates are taken according to a 2014 OSCE report.[4][5][6][7]

References:

External links[edit]