Municipalities and cities of Serbia

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Municipalities and cities of Serbia
Општине и градови Србије
Opštine i gradovi Srbije
Also known as:
Opštine i gradovi
Municipalities of Serbia.png
Municipalities and cities of Serbia
Category Unitary state
Location Republic of Serbia
Created by Decree of 29 January 1992
Created 29 January 1992 (1992-01-29)
Number 147 municipalities + 27 cities
119 municipalities + 26 cities (de facto, excluding Kosovo[a]) (as of 2017)
Populations 1,663 (Crna Trava) – 1,659,440 (Belgrade)
Areas 20 sq mi (51 km2) (Sremski Karlovci) – 1,245 sq mi (3,225 km2) (Belgrade)
Government Municipal/City Assembly
Subdivisions Settlements
Coat of arms of Serbia small.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Serbia

The municipalities and cities (Serbian: општине и градови/opštine i gradovi) are the second level administrative subdivisions of Serbia. The country is divided into 147 municipalities (40 in Southern and Eastern Serbia, 42 in Šumadija and Western Serbia, 37 in Vojvodina and 28 in Kosovo and Metohija) and 27 cities (7 in Southern and Eastern Serbia, 10 in Šumadija and Western Serbia, 8 in Vojvodina and 1 in Kosovo and Metohija), forming the basic level of local government.[1][2] Also, the city of Belgrade has a status of separate statistical region.[1]

Municipalities and cities are the administrative units of Serbia, and they form 29 districts in groups.

A city may and may not be divided into city municipalities (Serbian: градске општине/gradske opštine) depending on their size. Currently, there are five cities in Serbia with city municipalities: Belgrade, Novi Sad, Niš, Požarevac and Vranje comprise several city municipalities each, divided into "urban" (in the city proper) and "other" (suburban). There are 30 city municipalities (17 in Belgrade, 5 in Niš, and 2 each in Novi Sad, Požarevac, Užice and Vranje).[3]

Definition[edit]

Municipalities and cities[edit]

Municipalities

Like in many other countries, municipalities are the basic entities of local government in Serbia. The head of the municipality is the President of the municipality, while the executive power is held by the Municipal council, and legislative power by the Municipal assembly. Municipal assembly is elected on local elections (held every 4 years), while the President and the Council are elected by the Assembly. Municipalities have their own property (including public service companies) and budget. Only the cities officially have mayors (gradonačelnici), although the municipal presidents are often informally referred to as such.

The territory of a municipality is composed of a town (seat of the municipality) and surrounding villages (e.g. the territory of the Municipality of Čoka is composed of the town of Čoka, which is the seat of the municipality, and surrounding villages). The municipality bears the name of the seat town. Only one municipality (Municipality of Gora) does not share the name with the seat town, as the seat of that municipality is the town of Dragaš. This municipality is located in Kosovo, and thus exists only on paper. The territory of the municipality was merged with part of the Municipality of Prizren in 2000 by UNMIK to form new Municipality of Dragaš. This move is not recognised by Serbian Government (see Municipalities and cities of Kosovo section).

Advocates of reform of Serbian local self-government system point out that Serbian municipalities (with 50,000 citizens in average) are the largest in Europe, both by territory and number of residents, and as such can be inefficient in handling citizens' needs and distributing the income from the country budget into most relevant projects.[4][5]

Cities and city municipalities

Cities are another type of local self-government. The territory with the city status usually has more than 100,000 inhabitants,[1] but is otherwise very similar to municipality. There are 27 cities (gradovi), each having an assembly and budget of its own. Only the cities have mayors (gradonačelnik), although the presidents of the municipalities are often referred to as "mayors" in everyday usage.

As with a municipality, the territory of a city is composed of a city proper and surrounding villages (e.g. the territory of the City of Subotica is composed of the Subotica town and surrounding villages). Every city (and municipality) is part of a district. The exception is the capital Belgrade, which is not part of any district.[6]

The city may or may not be divided into city municipalities. Six cities: Belgrade, Novi Sad, Niš, Požarevac, Vranje and Užice comprise several city municipalities. Competences of cities and city municipalities are divided. The city municipalities of these six cities also have their assemblies and other prerogatives. The two largest city municipalities by number of residents are the City municipality of Novi Sad (307,760) and New Belgrade (212,104).[7]

Of these six cities, only Novi Sad did not undergo the full transformation, as the newly formed municipality of Petrovaradin exists pretty much only formally;[8] thus, the City municipality of Novi Sad is largely equated to city of Novi Sad. The city of Kragujevac had its own city municipalities from 2002 until 2008. In 2013, the city municipality of Sevojno within the city of Užice was established.[9]

Municipalities and cities of Kosovo[edit]

Serbian law still treats Kosovo as an integral part of Serbia (officially the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija), although Kosovo declared independence in 2008. The Law on Territorial Organization defines 28 municipalities and 1 city on the territory of Kosovo.[1] Kosovo was under official United Nations' administration (UNMIK) from 1999 to 2008. The UNMIK administration changed the territorial organisation on the territory of Kosovo. In 2000 the municipality of Gora was merged with Opolje (part of the Municipality of Prizren) into the new municipality of Dragaš and one new municipality was created: Mališevo. Later, from 2005 to 2008, seven new municipalities were created: Gračanica, Elez Han, Junik, Parteš, Klokot, Ranilug and Mamuša.[10] However, the Government of Serbia does not recognise the territorial re-organisation of Kosovo, although some of these new-formed municipalities have Serb majority, and some Serbs participate in local elections. In three of those municipalities: Gračanica, Klokot-Vrbovac and Ranilug, Serbian parties won a majority in the 2009 elections.[11][12]

In the Brussels Agreement, in 2013, Serbia agreed to disband its parallel municipal institutions in Kosovo, while the authorities of Kosovo agreed on creation of the Community of Serb Municipalities. However, both parties acted slowly to put this agreement in power.[13][14]

List of municipalities[edit]

This is a list of the municipalities in Serbia, as defined by the Law on territorial organisation[1] It does not include municipalities in Kosovo created by UNMIK after 1999. The data on population is taken from the 2011 census.[7]

The census was not conducted in Kosovo, which is under administration of UNMIK, so the population numbers are not given for the municipalities in Kosovo.

[15] Crest Municipality District Area [km²] Population[3]
23
Grb Bora.png
Bor Bor District 856 48,615
63
COA Kladovo.png
Kladovo Bor District 629 20,635
86
Grb Majdanpeka.gif
Majdanpek Bor District 932 18,686
93
COA Negotin.gif
Negotin Bor District 1,089 37,056
29
Grb Velikog Gradišta.gif
Veliko Gradište Braničevo District 344 17,610
41
Golubac-grb.png
Golubac Braničevo District 368 8,331
89
COA Malo Crnice.png
Malo Crniće Braničevo District 271 11,458
50
Žabari (grb).gif
Žabari Braničevo District 264 11,380
105
COA Petrovac.png
Petrovac na Mlavi Braničevo District 655 31,259
77
Veliki grb Kučeva.png
Kučevo Braničevo District 721 15,516
51
COA Žagubica.gif
Žagubica Braničevo District 760 12,737
21
GrbBojnik.jpg
Bojnik Jablanica District 264 11,104
80
Grb Opstine Lebane.gif
Lebane Jablanica District 337 22,000
90
COA Medveđa.png
Medveđa Jablanica District 524 7,438
33
COA Vlasotince.png
Vlasotince Jablanica District 308 29,893
145
Crna-trava-grb.png
Crna Trava Jablanica District 312 1,663
102
COA Osecina.gif
Osečina Kolubara District 319 12,536
143
COA Ub.png
Ub Kolubara District 456 29,101
78
COA Lajkovac.png
Lajkovac Kolubara District 186 15,475
92
COA Mionica.png
Mionica Kolubara District 329 14,335
84
COA Ljig (middle).png
Ljig Kolubara District 279 12,754
20
COA Bogatic.gif
Bogatić Mačva District 384 28,883
31
COA Vladimirci.gif
Vladimirci Mačva District 338 17,462
73
COA Koceljeva (middle).png
Koceljeva Mačva District 257 13,129
87
COA Mali Zvornik.gif
Mali Zvornik Mačva District 184 12,482
74
COA Krupanj.png
Krupanj Mačva District 342 17,295
85
COA Ljubovija.gif
Ljubovija Mačva District 356 14,469
43
Grb-GornjMilanovac.jpg
Gornji Milanovac Moravica District 836 44,406
83
COA Lucani.png
Lučani Moravica District 454 20,897
56
COA Ivanjica.png
Ivanjica Moravica District 1,090 31,963
3
Blason Aleksinac.jpg
Aleksinac Nišava District 707 51,863
123
COA Svrljig.png
Svrljig Nišava District 497 14,249
91
COA Merosina.gif
Merošina Nišava District 193 13,968
117
Ražanj (grb).gif
Ražanj Nišava District 289 9,150
47
COA Doljevac.png
Doljevac Nišava District 121 18,463
38
Gadžin Han (grb)
Gadžin Han Nišava District 325 8,389
32
Blason de Vladičin Han.jpg
Vladičin Han Pčinja District 366 20,871
134
MiddleCOAofSurdulica.gif
Surdulica Pčinja District 628 20,319
24
COA Bosilegrad.png
Bosilegrad Pčinja District 571 8,129
138 Trgovište Pčinja District 370 5,091
26
Bujanovac-grb.png
Bujanovac Pčinja District 461 18,0672
112
Presevo-grb.png
Preševo Pčinja District 264 3,0802
15
Blason de Bela Palanka.png
Bela Palanka Pirot District 951 12,126
8
Babusnica-grb.png
Babušnica Pirot District 529 12,307
46
Emblem of Dimitrovgrad (Serbia).svg
Dimitrovgrad Pirot District 483 10,118
127
COA Smederevska Palanka.gif
Smederevska Palanka Podunavlje District 422 50,284
28
COA Velika Plana (small).png
Velika Plana Podunavlje District 345 40,902
142
Blason de Ćuprija.jpg
Ćuprija Pomoravlje District 287 30,645
104
COA Paracin.png
Paraćin Pomoravlje District 542 54,242
122
COA Svilajnac small.png
Svilajnac Pomoravlje District 326 23,551
44
COA Despotovac (small).png
Despotovac Pomoravlje District 623 23,191
120
Rekovac (grb).png
Rekovac Pomoravlje District 366 11,055
27
Varvarin-grb.png
Varvarin Rasina District 249 17,966
139
COA Trstenik.gif
Trstenik Rasina District 448 42,966
141
Grbcicevac.jpg
Ćićevac Rasina District 124 9,476
2
COA Aleksandrovac.png
Aleksandrovac Rasina District 387 26,522
25
Logo brus.jpg
Brus Rasina District 606 16,317
35
Coat of arms of Vrnjačka Banja.png
Vrnjačka Banja Raška District 239 27,527
119
COA Raska.png
Raška Raška District 670 24,678
140
GrbTutina.jpg
Tutin Raška District 742 31,155
6
GrbOpsiteArandjelovac.gif
Aranđelovac Šumadija District 376 46,225
137
COA Topola.gif
Topola Šumadija District 356 22,329
118
COA Rača.png
Rača Šumadija District 216 11,503
10
COA Batocina.png
Batočina Šumadija District 136 11,760
65
Coa.png
Knić Šumadija District 413 14,237
79
Grb-Lapovo mali.gif
Lapovo Šumadija District 55 7,837
116
COA Prokuplje.jpg
Prokuplje Toplica District 759 44,419
19
COA Blace.png
Blace Toplica District 306 11,754
76
Blason de Kuršumlija.jpg
Kuršumlija Toplica District 952 19,213
53
Mali.png
Žitorađa Toplica District 214 16,368
22
COA Boljevac.gif
Boljevac Zaječar District 828 12,994
66
COA Knjaževac.png
Knjaževac Zaječar District 1,202 31,491
128
COA Sokobanja.gif
Sokobanja Zaječar District 525 16,021
9
BB Seal Web.png
Bajina Bašta Zlatibor District 673 26,022
69
Kosjerić (grb).gif
Kosjerić Zlatibor District 358 12,090
111
Grb-Pozega mali.gif
Požega Zlatibor District 426 29,638
146
COA Čajetina.jpg
Čajetina Zlatibor District 647 14,745
7
COA Arilje.gif
Arilje Zlatibor District 349 18,792
94
Nova Varoš (grb).gif
Nova Varoš Zlatibor District 581 16,638
115
Grb-Prijepolje mali.gif
Prijepolje Zlatibor District 827 37,059
126
COA Sjenica.png
Sjenica Zlatibor District 1,059 26,392
113
COA Priboj.gif
Priboj Zlatibor District 553 27,133
96 Novi Bečej Central Banat District 609 23,925
95
Opstina Nova Crnja mali.png
Nova Crnja Central Banat District 273 10,272
52
COA Zitiste.png
Žitište Central Banat District 525 16,841
125 Sečanj Central Banat District 523 13,267
13
Blason de Bačka Topola.gif
Bačka Topola North Bačka District 596 33,321
88
Grb maliidjos.gif
Mali Iđoš North Bačka District 175 12,031
60
COA Kanjiza.gif
Kanjiža North Banat District 399 25,343
124
COA Senta.png
Senta North Banat District 293 23,316
1
Ada-grb.png
Ada North Banat District 229 16,991
147 Čoka North Banat District 321 11,398
97
COA Novi Knezevac.png
Novi Kneževac North Banat District 305 11,269
130
Srbobran Grb.JPG
Srbobran South Bačka District 284 16,317
11 Bač South Bačka District 367 14,405
18
Blason de Bečej.jpg
Bečej South Bačka District 487 37,351
34
Vrbas grb mali.gif
Vrbas South Bačka District 376 42,092
12
Blason de Bačka Palanka.gif
Bačka Palanka South Bačka District 579 55,528
14
Backi-petrovac-grb.png
Bački Petrovac South Bačka District 158 13,418
49
COA Zabalj.png
Žabalj South Bačka District 400 26,134
136
COA Titel.png
Titel South Bačka District 262 15,738
135
COA Temerin.gif
Temerin South Bačka District 170 28,287
17
Grb beocin.gif
Beočin South Bačka District 186 15,726
131
Coat of arms of Sremski Karlovci.jpg
Sremski Karlovci South Bačka District 51 8,750
109
COA Plandiste.png
Plandište South Banat District 383 11,336
100 Opovo South Banat District 203 10,440
67
Kovačica2004.jpg
Kovačica South Banat District 419 25,274
4
Alibunar Stema.jpg
Alibunar South Banat District 602 20,151
16
Blason de Bela Crkva.png
Bela Crkva South Banat District 353 17,367
68 Kovin South Banat District 730 33,722
148
Sidcoa.gif
Šid Srem District 687 34,188
57
Wappen Gemeinde Indjija.jpg
Inđija Srem District 384 47,433
58
Grb Iriga.png
Irig Srem District 230 10,866
121
COA Ruma small.png
Ruma Srem District 582 54,339
132
Stara-pazova-grb.png
Stara Pazova Srem District 351 65,792
107
Wappen Pecinci small.gif
Pećinci Srem District 489 19,720
5
GrbApatin.jpg
Apatin West Bačka District 333 28,929
103
COA Odzaci.png
Odžaci West Bačka District 411 30,154
75
Kula2.gif
Kula West Bačka District 481 43,101
39 Glogovac Kosovo District 290
70 Kosovo Polje Kosovo District 89
82 Lipljan Kosovo District 401
99
Grb Obilica.jpg
Obilić Kosovo District 105
110 Podujevo Kosovo District 625
144 Uroševac Kosovo District 344
149 Štimlje Kosovo District 134
61 Kačanik Kosovo District 294
150
COA Štrpce.png
Štrpce Kosovo District 248
71 Kosovska Kamenica Kosovo-Pomoravlje District 509
98 Novo Brdo Kosovo-Pomoravlje District 81
40 Gnjilane Kosovo-Pomoravlje District 510
30 Vitina Kosovo-Pomoravlje District 289
72 Kosovska Mitrovica Kosovska Mitrovica District 336
81
Grb-leposavic.gif
Leposavić Kosovska Mitrovica District 539
129 Srbica Kosovska Mitrovica District 374
37
Grb-Vucitrn.jpg
Vučitrn Kosovska Mitrovica District 353
55
Grb-zubin-potok.gif
Zubin Potok Kosovska Mitrovica District 328
54
Grb-zvecan.gif
Zvečan Kosovska Mitrovica District 123
106 Peć Peć District 603
59 Istok Peć District 464
64 Klina Peć District 403
48 Đakovica Peć District 587
45 Dečani Peć District 402
101 Orahovac Prizren District 401
133 Suva Reka Prizren District 434
114 Prizren Prizren District 757
42 Gora1 Prizren District 310
1.^ The seat of the municipality is Dragaš
2.^ Incomplete coverage

List of cities and city municipalities[edit]

[15] Crest City District Crest City municipality Area [Km²] Population
1
COA Valjevo.gif
Valjevo Kolubara District none 905 90,301
2
BIgCoAVranje.png
Vranje Pčinja District Vranje 860 82,782
Vranjska Banja
2a
Grb Vrsac.jpg
Vršac South Banat District none 1,324 54,369
3
COA zajecar.png
Zaječar Zaječar District none 1,069 58,547
4
Coat of Arms of Zrenjanin.png
Zrenjanin Central Banat District none 1,324 123,362
5
Jagodina-grb.png
Jagodina Pomoravlje District none 470 71,195
5a
Wappen Kikinda.png
Kikinda North Banat District none 782 59,329
6
COA Kragujevac.png
Kragujevac Šumadija District none 835 179,417
7
Kraljevo-grb.png
Kraljevo Raška District none 1,530 125,488
8
Grb ks.jpg
Kruševac Rasina District none 854 128,752
9
Leskovac-grb.png
Leskovac Jablanica District none 1,025 144,206
10
Coat of arms of Loznica.svg
Loznica Mačva District none 612 78,788
11
Nis COA (small).gif
Niš Nišava District
Grb medijana.jpg
Medijana 16 88,010
File-COA Palilula (Nis).gif
Palilula 117 71,707
COA Pantelej.png
Pantelej 142 52,290
COA Crveni Krst.png
Crveni Krst 182 31,762
Niska Banja Zastava.jpg Niška Banja 145 14,098
12
Novi Pazar (Grb).png
Novi Pazar Raška District none 742 100,410
13
Novi Sad 001.png
Novi Sad South Bačka District Novi Sad.svg Novi Sad 671.8 307,760
Petrovaradingrb.jpg Petrovaradin 27.2 33,865
14
COA Pancevo.png
Pančevo South Banat District none 759 123,414
14a
Emblem of Pirot.png
Pirot Pirot District none 1,232 63,791
15
Grb-Pozarevac.jpg
Požarevac Braničevo District Požarevac 482 74,902
Kostolac (grb).png
Kostolac
16 Priština Kosovo District none 854
17
Smederevo coat of arms.gif
Smederevo Podunavlje District none 484 107,528
18
COA Sombor.png
Sombor West Bačka District none 1,178 87,815
19
Grb sremska mitrovica.svg
Sremska Mitrovica Srem District none 762 85,902
20
Grb subotice.jpg
Subotica North Bačka District none 1,008 141,554
21
Uzice COA small.gif
Užice Zlatibor District none 667 78,018
22
COA Čačak.jpg
Čačak Moravica District none 636 115,337
23
Grb osnovni šabac.jpg
Šabac Mačva District none 795 115,347
special
status
Small Coat of Arms Belgrade.svg
Belgrade none
COA Barajevo.gif
Barajevo 213 24,641
COA Cukarica.png
Čukarica 155 179,031
COA Grocka.png
Grocka 289 83,398
COA Lazarevac.png
Lazarevac 384 58,224
COA Mladenovac (small).png
Mladenovac 339 53,050
COA Novi Beograd.gif
Novi Beograd 41 212,104
COA Obrenovac (small).png
Obrenovac 411 71,419
COA Palilula.gif
Palilula 447 170,593
COA Rakovica.png
Rakovica 29 108,413
COA Savski Venac (small).png
Savski Venac 16 38,660
Sopot (grb).gif
Sopot 271 20,199
COA Stari Grad (small).png
Stari Grad 7 48,061
COA Surcin.png
Surčin 285 42,012
COA Voždovac.gif
Voždovac 150 157,152
COA Vracar (small).png
Vračar 3 55,463
Grb Zemuna.png
Zemun 154 166,292
COA Zvezdara.png
Zvezdara 31 148,014

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has received formal recognition as an independent state from 111 out of 193 United Nations member states.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Закон о територијалној организацији Републике Србије" [Law on the Territorial Organisation of the Republic of Serbia]. Службени гласник Републике Србије (129): 3–41. 2007. ISSN 0353-8389. 
    "Закон о изменама и допунама Закона о територијалној организацији Републике Србије" [Law on the Amendment of the Law on the Territorial Organisation of the Republic of Serbia]. Службени гласник Републике Србије (18): 32–34. 2016. ISSN 0353-8389. 
  2. ^ "Pirot, Kikinda i Vršac dobili status grada" [Pirot, Kikinda and Vršac Awarded City Status]. B92. 29 February 2016. Retrieved 5 March 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. ISSN 0354-3641. Retrieved 21 November 2011. 
  4. ^ Jerinić, Jelena (2006-12-01). "Konkretni oblici učešća građana" (PDF). Lokalna samouprava (in Serbian). Permanent conference of cities and municipalities/Vreme. p. 6. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 10, 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-31. 
  5. ^ "Local Communities in Serbia: How to Become an Effective Voice for Citizens" (pdf). USAID/Serbia Local Government Report Program. 2004-07-01. p. 4. Retrieved 2007-07-31. 
  6. ^ "Уредба о управним окрузима" [Regulation on Administrative Districts]. Службени гласник Републике Србије (15): 3–6. 2006. ISSN 0353-8389. 
  7. ^ a b Comparative overview of the number of population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, pod2.stat.gov.rs; accessed 15 October 2016.
  8. ^ Mijušković, Miroljub (13 August 2012). "Petrovaradin traži pravu opštinu". politika.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 22 March 2017. 
  9. ^ "ОДЛУКА О ИЗМЕНАМА И ДОПУНАМА СТАТУТА ГРАДА УЖИЦА" (PDF). graduzice.org (in Serbian). Службени лист града Ужица. Retrieved 22 March 2017. 
  10. ^ "Municipal profiles". Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. 
  11. ^ "UNMIK: Serb boycott creates new problems". B92. 22 November 2007. Retrieved 4 December 2009. 
  12. ^ "Srbima većina u tri opštine" (in Serbian). B92. 16 November 2009. Retrieved 4 December 2009. 
  13. ^ "Kosovo Accuses Serbia of Delaying Brussels Agreement". Balkan Insight. 24 March 2015. Retrieved 4 May 2015. 
  14. ^ Morina, Die (21 November 2016). "Kosovo Stalls on Serbian Municipal Association". balkaninsight.com. BIRN. Retrieved 19 March 2017. 
  15. ^ a b As given in the Law, in Serbian Cyrillic order

External links[edit]