Municipio

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Municipio (Spanish: [muniˈθipjo], Italian: [muniˈtʃipjo]) and município (Portuguese: [muniˈsipiu]) are country subdivisions in several Hispanophone and Lusophone nations, respectively. They are often translated as "municipality". In the English language, a municipality often is defined as relating to a single city or town;[1] however, in Spanish, the term "municipio" may not mean a single city or town, but rather a jurisdiction housing several towns and cities, like a township, county, borough, or civil parish.[2] The Italian term "municipalità" refers either to a single city or a group of cities and towns in a township,[3] but the Portuguese use is almost entirely restricted to group of cities or towns like in a county, township, and so forth.[4]

Overview[edit]

Country Term Detailed article Administered by Comment
 Angola Município is used Municipalities of Angola
 Argentina Municipio is used Municipalities of Argentina According to laws of the provinces
 Bolivia Municipio is used Municipalities of Bolivia Below the provinces
 Brazil Município is used Municipalities of Brazil Município with elected Prefeito (mayor) and Vereador (plural: Vereadores) (councilors)
 Chile Comuna is used Communes of Chile Municipalidad with elected alcalde (mayor) and councilors
 Colombia Municipio is used Municipalities of Colombia Below departments
 Costa Rica Municipalidad is used Municipalities of Costa Rica Coterminous with the Cantones
 Cuba Municipio is used Municipalities of Cuba
 Dominican Republic Municipio is used Municipalities of the Dominican Republic ayuntamiento (elected municipal council) and síndico (mayor)
 Ecuador Municipalidad is used Municipalities of Ecuador
 El Salvador Municipio is used Municipalities of El Salvador Alcalde Below departments
 Guatemala Municipio is used Municipalities of Guatemala Municipalidad Below departments
 Honduras Municipalidad is used Municipalities of Honduras Alcalde Below departments
 Italy Municipalità (municipio is the comune hall, the building housing the government.)
Municipio is also a station on the Naples Metro.
Municipalities of Italy Sometimes a subdivision of comune[5]
 Mexico Municipio is used Municipalities of Mexico Ayuntamiento, headed by a municipal president Below states
 Nicaragua Municipio is used Municipalities of Nicaragua Alcalde Below departments
 Paraguay Municipalidad is used Municipalities of Paraguay
 Peru Municipalidad is used Municipalities of Peru
 Philippines Municipalidad (Spanish), Munisipalidad, or Munisipyo (Tagalog and Cebuano) Municipalities of the Philippines alkalde (informal expression for mayor) and councilors (konsehal, a Spanish loanword in local languages) Below provinces
 Portugal Município is used (also called concelho) Municipalities of Portugal Câmara Municipal (executive) and Assembleia Municipal (legislative)
 Puerto Rico Municipio is used Municipalities of Puerto Rico Alcalde and municipal legislature
 Spain Municipio is used[6] Municipalities of Spain Ayuntamiento, headed by an alcalde or Presidente de la Corporación
 Uruguay Municipio is used[7] Municipalities of Uruguay Alcaldía (municipal council), headed by an alcalde
 Venezuela Municipio is used Municipalities of Venezuela Consejo Municipal (municipal council) with separately elected alcalde and independent comptroller Below state

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com, LLC. Retrieved 23 June 2015. 
  2. ^ "municipio". Word Reference. Word Reference. Retrieved 23 June 2015. English: township - borough - county - township line 
  3. ^ "municipalità". Word Reference. Word Reference. Retrieved 23 June 2015. 
  4. ^ "Município". Word Reference. Word Reference. Retrieved 23 June 2015. 
  5. ^ Municipalità refers only to administration, whereas comune refers to both administration and territory; it is also an administrative sub-division of a large city, such as Rome
  6. ^ In Catalan/Valencian municipi (IPA: [muniˈsipi]), Galician municipio (IPA: [muniˈθipjo]) or bisbarra (IPA: [bizˈβara]) and Basque udalerria (IPA: [udaleria]).
  7. ^ "Creación de municipios en Uruguay a partir de 2010". data.com.uy. 2009. Retrieved 23 May 2011.