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Municipio (Spanish: [muniˈθipjo/muniˈsipjo]) and município (Portuguese: [muniˈsipiu]) are country subdivisions in several Hispanophone and Lusophone nations, respectively. They are often translated as "municipality". In the English language, a municipality often is defined as relating to a single city or town; however, in Spanish, the term "municipio" may not mean a single city or town, but rather a jurisdiction housing several towns and cities, like a township, county, borough or civil parish. The Italian term "municipalità" refers either to a single city or a group of cities and towns in a township, and "municipio" is used for city subdivisions, but Portuguese usage of the term is almost entirely restricted to a cluster of cities or towns like in a county, township and so forth. However, in Brazil, a Municipio is an independent city & a public corporporation with status of Federated Entity.
|Country||Term||Detailed article||Administered by||Comment|
|Angola||Município is used||Municipalities of Angola|
|Argentina||Municipio is used||Municipalities of Argentina||According to laws of the provinces|
|Bolivia||Municipio is used||Municipalities of Bolivia||Below the provinces|
|Brazil||Município is used||Municipalities of Brazil||Município with elected (Prefeito) (mayor) and Vereador (plural: Vereadores) (councilors).They are part of the federation De facto et De jure|
|Chile||Comuna is used||Communes of Chile||Municipalidad with elected alcalde (mayor) and councilors|
|Colombia||Municipio is used||Municipalities of Colombia||Below departments|
|Costa Rica||Municipalidad is used||Municipalities of Costa Rica||Coterminous with the Cantones|
|Cuba||Municipio is used||Municipalities of Cuba|
|Dominican Republic||Municipio is used||Municipalities of the Dominican Republic||ayuntamiento (elected municipal council) and síndico (mayor)|
|Ecuador||Cantón is used||Cantons of Ecuador||Municipio or Municipalidad with elected alcalde (mayor) and concejales (councilors)||Below provinces. Further subdivided into urban and rural parishes.|
|El Salvador||Municipio is used||Municipalities of El Salvador||Alcalde||Below departments|
|Guatemala||Municipio is used||Municipalities of Guatemala||Municipalidad||Below departments|
|Honduras||Municipalidad is used||Municipalities of Honduras||Alcalde||Below departments|
|Italy||Comune is used; in some parts of Italy the municipio is the building housing the administration of the comune; elsewhere it is simply called comune. A municipalità may be a subdivision of comune[a]||Municipalities of Italy||Consiglio comunale, headed by a sindaco|
|Mexico||Municipio is used||Municipalities of Mexico||Ayuntamiento, headed by a municipal president||Below states|
|Nicaragua||Municipio is used||Municipalities of Nicaragua||Alcalde||Below departments|
|Paraguay||Municipalidad is used||Municipalities of Paraguay|
|Peru||Municipalidad is used||Municipalities of Peru|
|Philippines||Municipalidad and Município (Spanish), Munisipalidad, or Munisipyo (Tagalog and Cebuano)||Municipalities of the Philippines||alkalde (informal expression for mayor) and councilors (konsehal, a Spanish loanword alcalde and consejal in local languages)||Below provinces|
|Portugal||Município is used (also called concelho)||Municipalities of Portugal||Câmara Municipal (executive) and Assembleia Municipal (legislative)|
|Puerto Rico||Municipio is used||Municipalities of Puerto Rico||Alcalde and municipal legislature|
|Spain||Municipio is used[b]||Municipalities of Spain||Ayuntamiento (municipal corporation) or Concejo abierto, headed by an alcalde|
|Uruguay||Municipio is used||Municipalities of Uruguay||Alcaldía (municipal council), headed by an alcalde|
|Venezuela||Municipio is used||Municipalities of Venezuela||Consejo Municipal (municipal council) with separately elected alcalde and independent comptroller||Below state|
- Municipalità refers only to administration, whereas comune refers to both administration and territory; it is also an administrative sub-division of a large city, such as Rome.
- In Catalan municipi (IPA: [muniˈsipi]), Galician municipio (IPA: [muniˈθipjʊ]) or bisbarra (IPA: [bizˈβarɐ]) and Basque udalerria (IPA: [udaleria]).
- "Municipality". Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com, LLC. Retrieved 23 June 2015.
- "municipio". Word Reference. Word Reference. Retrieved 23 June 2015.
English: township - borough - county - township line
- "Município". Word Reference. Word Reference. Retrieved 23 June 2015.
- "Creación de municipios en Uruguay a partir de 2010". data.com.uy. 2009. Archived from the original on 14 August 2011. Retrieved 23 May 2011.