Munising Formation

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Munising Formation
Stratigraphic range: Cambrian
Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore sandstone.JPG
Light-colored Musining Formation overlying the red Jacobsville Formation in Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore

The Munising Group or Formation is a 1,700 feet (520 m) thick, white to light grey[1] Cambrian sedimentary unit that crops out in Michigan and (to a lesser extent) Ontario. At one end of its extent, it comprises a basal comglomerate overlain by the Chapel Rock Member and the Miners Castle Member; elsewhere, it comprises the Eau Claire, Galesville (=Dresbach), and Franconia formations. Anhydritic evaporite deposits are present in places.[2] The conglomerate was deposited by rivers in flood, with the Chapel Rock member, which contains deltaic deposits, representing transgression as the conglomerate cones became submerged; the Miners Castle member was deposited further from the shoreline, representing shelf deposits.[3] Its uppermost strata may be Early Ordovician in age, and contain conodonts, trilobites and phosphatic moulds of brachiopods, ostrocoderm fish and gastropods.[4]

The Munising lies unconformably above the Jacobsville Formation.[1]


  1. ^ a b "Pictured Rocks: Geologic Formations". US National Park Service. Retrieved August 5, 2011. 
  2. ^ Paul A. Catacosinos (1973). "Cambrian Lithostratigraphy of Michigan Basin". The American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin. 57 (12): 2404–2418. doi:10.1306/83d9132b-16c7-11d7-8645000102c1865d. 
  3. ^ Charles a. Haddox, R. H. D. (1990). "Cambrian Shoreline Deposits in Northern Michigan". SEPM Journal of Sedimentary Research. doi:10.1306/212F9250-2B24-11D7-8648000102C1865D. 
  4. ^ Miller, J. F.; Ethington, R. L.; Rose, R. (2006). "Stratigraphic Implications of Lower Ordovician Conodonts from the Munising and Au Train Formations at Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore, Upper Peninsula of Michigan". PALAIOS. 21 (3): 227–237. doi:10.2110/palo.2004.p04-50.