Munjong of Goryeo

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This article is about King Munjong, the 11th Korean monarch during the Goryeo Dynasty (r. 1046-1083). For the 5th Korean monarch during the Joseon Dynasty (r. 1450-1452), see Munjong of Joseon.
Munjong of Goryeo
Hangul
Hanja
Revised Romanization Munjong
McCune–Reischauer Munjong
Birth name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised Romanization Hwi
McCune–Reischauer Hwi
Courtesy name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised Romanization Chogyu
McCune–Reischauer Ch'ogyu
Monarchs of Korea
Goryeo
  1. Taejo 918–943
  2. Hyejong 943–945
  3. Jeongjong 945–949
  4. Gwangjong 949–975
  5. Gyeongjong 975–981
  6. Seongjong 981–997
  7. Mokjong 997–1009
  8. Hyeonjong 1009–1031
  9. Deokjong 1031–1034
  10. Jeongjong II 1034–1046
  11. Munjong 1046–1083
  12. Sunjong 1083
  13. Seonjong 1083–1094
  14. Heonjong 1094–1095
  15. Sukjong 1095–1105
  16. Yejong 1105–1122
  17. Injong 1122–1146
  18. Uijong 1146–1170
  19. Myeongjong 1170–1197
  20. Sinjong 1197–1204
  21. Huijong 1204–1211
  22. Gangjong 1211–1213
  23. Gojong 1213–1259
  24. Wonjong 1259–1269
  25. Yeongjong1269
  26. Wonjong 1269–1274
  27. Chungnyeol 1274–1308
  28. Chungseon 1308–1313
  29. Chungsuk 1313–1330
    1332–1339
  30. Chunghye 1330–1332
    1339–1344
  31. Chungmok 1344–1348
  32. Chungjeong 1348–1351
  33. Gongmin 1351–1374
  34. U 1374–1388
  35. Chang 1388–1389
  36. Gongyang 1389–1392

Munjong (29 December 1019 - 2 September 1083) was the 11th monarch of the Goryeo Dynasty, who ruled Korea from 1046 to 1083.

King Munjong was born in 1019, and reigned from 1046 until his death in 1083.[1] During his reign, the central government of Goryeo gained complete authority and power over local lords. Munjong, and later Kings, emphasized the importance of civilian leadership over the military. Munjong expanded Korea's borders northward to the Yalu and Tumen Rivers [2].

Munjong's fourth son, Uicheon (born 1055 [3]), became a Buddhist priest who founded the Cheontae as an independent school of Buddhism.

Family[edit]

  • Father : King Hyeonjong of Goryeo (1 August 992 – 17 June 1031) (고려 현종)
  • Mother : Queen Wonhye of the Ansan Kim clan (? - 30 June 1022) (원혜태후 김씨)
    • Grandfather : Kim Eun-Bu (? - 1017) (김은부)
    • Grandmother : Grand Lady Ansan of the Lee clan (안산군대부인 이씨)

Consorts :

  1. Queen Inpyeong of the Ansan Kim clan (인평왕후 김씨)
  2. Queen Inye of the Incheon Lee clan (1031 - 1092) (인예왕후 이씨)
    1. King Sunjong of Goryeo (28 December 1047 – 5 December 1083) (고려 순종)
    2. King Seonjong of Goryeo (9 October 1049 – 17 June 1094) (고려 선종)
    3. King Sukjong of Goryeo (2 September 1054 – 10 November 1105) (고려 숙종)
    4. Uicheon (28 September 1055 – 5 October 1101) (의천)
    5. Wang Su, Prince Sangan (? - 6 March 1095) (왕수 상안공)
    6. Dosaeng (? - 1112) (도생승통)
    7. Wang Bi, Prince Geumgwan (? - 14 April 1092) (왕비 금관후)
    8. Wang Eum, Prince Byeonhan (? - 12 September 1086) (왕음 변한후)
    9. Wang Chim, Prince Nakrang (? - 20 April 1083) (왕침 낙랑후)
    10. Prince Chonghye (총혜수좌)
    11. Princess Jeokgyeong (? - 1113) (적경궁주)
    12. Princess Boryeong (? - 1113) (보령궁주)
  3. Royal Consort Ingyeong Hyeon-Bi of the Incheon Lee clan (인경현비 이씨)
    1. Prince Yangheon (? - 1099) (양헌왕)
    2. Prince Buyeo (? - 10 October 1112)(부여공)
    3. Prince Jinhan (? - 4 November 1099) (진한공)
  4. Royal Consort Injeol Hyeon-Bi of the Incheon Lee clan (? - 29 July 1082) (인절현비 이씨)
  5. Royal Consort Inmok Deok-Bi of the Gyeongju Kim clan (? - 16 June 1094) (인목덕비 김씨)


References[edit]

  • Eckert, Lee, Lew, Robinson and Wagner, Korea Old and New: A History, Harvard University Press, 1990. ISBN 0-9627713-0-9
Munjong of Goryeo
Born: 29 December 1019 Died: 2 September 1083
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Jeongjong II
King of Goryeo
1046–1083
Succeeded by
Sunjong