Munjong of Goryeo

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Munjong of Goryeo
Hangul
Hanja
Revised Romanization Munjong
McCune–Reischauer Munjong
Birth name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised Romanization Hwi
McCune–Reischauer Hwi
Courtesy name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised Romanization Chogyu
McCune–Reischauer Ch'ogyu

Munjong (29 December 1019 – 2 September 1083) was the 11th monarch of the Goryeo Dynasty, who ruled Korea from 1046 to 1083.

King Munjong was born in 1019, and reigned from 1046 until his death in 1083. During his reign, the central government of Goryeo gained complete authority and power over local lords. Munjong, and later Kings, emphasized the importance of civilian leadership over the military. Munjong expanded Korea's borders northward to the Yalu and Tumen Rivers.

Munjong's fourth son, Uicheon (born 1055), became a Buddhist priest who founded the Cheontae as an independent school of Buddhism.

Family[edit]

  • Father: King Hyeonjong of Goryeo (1 August 992 – 17 June 1031) (고려 현종)
  • Mother: Queen Wonhye of the Ansan Kim clan (? – 30 June 1022) (원혜태후 김씨)
    • Grandfather: Kim Eun-Bu (? – 1017) (김은부)
    • Grandmother: Grand Lady Ansan of the Lee clan (안산군대부인 이씨)

Consorts:

  1. Queen Inpyeong of the Ansan Kim clan (인평왕후 김씨)
  2. Queen Inye of the Incheon Lee clan (1031 – 1092) (인예왕후 이씨)
    1. King Sunjong of Goryeo (28 December 1047 – 5 December 1083) (고려 순종)
    2. King Seonjong of Goryeo (9 October 1049 – 17 June 1094) (고려 선종)
    3. King Sukjong of Goryeo (2 September 1054 – 10 November 1105) (고려 숙종)
    4. Uicheon (28 September 1055 – 5 October 1101) (의천)
    5. Wang Su, Prince Sangan (? – 6 March 1095) (왕수 상안공)
    6. Dosaeng (? - 1112) (도생승통)
    7. Wang Bi, Prince Geumgwan (? – 14 April 1092) (왕비 금관후)
    8. Wang Eum, Prince Byeonhan (? – 12 September 1086) (왕음 변한후)
    9. Wang Chim, Prince Nakrang (? – 20 April 1083) (왕침 낙랑후)
    10. Prince Chonghye (총혜수좌)
    11. Princess Jeokgyeong (? – 1113) (적경궁주)
    12. Princess Boryeong (? – 1113) (보령궁주)
  3. Royal Consort Ingyeong Hyeon-Bi of the Incheon Lee clan (인경현비 이씨)
    1. Prince Yangheon (? - 1099) (양헌왕)
    2. Prince Buyeo (? – 10 October 1112)(부여공)
    3. Prince Jinhan (? – 4 November 1099) (진한공)
  4. Royal Consort Injeol Hyeon-Bi of the Incheon Lee clan (? – 29 July 1082) (인절현비 이씨)
  5. Royal Consort Inmok Deok-Bi of the Gyeongju Kim clan (? – 16 June 1094) (인목덕비 김씨)

References[edit]

  • Eckert, Lee, Lew, Robinson and Wagner, Korea Old and New: A History, Harvard University Press, 1990. ISBN 0-9627713-0-9
Munjong of Goryeo
Born: 29 December 1019 Died: 2 September 1083
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Jeongjong II
King of Goryeo
1046–1083
Succeeded by
Sunjong