Munro (film)

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Noveltoon series
Directed by Gene Deitch
Produced by William L. Snyder
Story by Jules Feiffer
Voices by Howard Morris
Seth Deitch
Marie Deitch
Jules Feiffer
Music by Štěpán Koníček
Studio Film Representations
Distributed by Paramount Pictures (United States)
Release date(s) September 1960 (Czechoslovakia)
October 5, 1961 (United States)
Running time 8 minutes 20 seconds
Preceded by Turning the Fables
Followed by Fine Feathered Friend

Munro is a 1960 animated short film. It was directed by Gene Deitch, written by Jules Feiffer, and produced by William L. Snyder. Munro won an Academy Award for Animated Short Film in 1961.[1] It was the first short composed outside of the United States to be so honored. The Academy Film Archive preserved Munro in 2004.[2]

The title character is a rebellious little boy who is accidentally drafted into the United States Army. No matter which adult he tells "I'm only four", they all fail to notice his age.

Screenwriter Feiffer, who adapted his own story from his book Passionella and Other Stories, and provided the storyboards, said the tale was a reaction to his time serving in the U.S. Army:

"I came up with the story of Munro because I understood that if you're really in a rage and really want to attack someone in cartoon form, the least effective way is to jump up and down and scream and yell and to be polemical—something a lot of cartoonists have never learned. The best way is to go in the other direction and feign innocence, and bring the reader along in a quiet way. And so Munro tells this savage story but tells it entertainingly and sweetly and builds it up and gets the reader stressed, and as you read it, and particularly when you see the film, you feel your stomach knot up because of the obvious abuse and ignorance of authority. And people connected to their own situations with authority in or out of the Army when no one listens, no one believes you. They know, you don't, and they may even start to convince you, as they do Munro, that they're right and you're wrong."[3]


  • Executive Producers: František Vystrčil, William L. Snyder
  • Screenplay: Jules Feiffer (also storyboards)
  • Voice actors: Howard Morris, Seth Deitch, Marie Deitch, Jules Feiffer
  • Animation & post-production studio: Bratři v triku, Prague
  • Assistant Producer: Karel Zeman
  • Assistant Production Managers: Zdenka Navrátilová, Zdenka Hajdová
  • Production Coordinator: Lou Debney
  • Production Assistant: McLaren Stewart
  • Educational Consultant: Charles Vidor
  • Recording Engineer: Karel Jakeš
  • Sound effects: Gene Deitch, Tony Schwartz
  • Sound mixer: František Černý
  • Creative Consultants: Jiří Brdečka, Jiří Trnka
  • Sound Director: C. O. Slyfield
  • Sound Recording: Harold J. Steck, Robert O. Cook
  • Film Editor: Donald Halliday
  • Music Editor: Al Teeter
  • Special Photographic Effects: Eduard Hofman
  • Music composer and conductor: Štěpán Koníček
  • Additional music by: Karel Vlach
  • Character Design: William Henning, Milt Banta
  • Model Design: Jean Effel
  • Story Supervisors: Seymour Kneitel, Dave Tendlar
  • Storyboard Artists: Jindřích Bárta, Adolf Hamrlík, Kristina Vodičková, Jan Werich, Jan Kohout, Jan Stallich, Julius Kalaš, Martin Frič
  • Supervising Director: Harvey Patterson
  • Sequence Directors: Ivan Masník, Vladislav Hofman
  • Animation Direction: Ota Kudrnáč
  • Animation Layout: Jack Hannah, Thelma Witmer, Volus Jones, George Kreisl, Mary Blair
  • Animators: Josef Kábrt, Karel Štrébl, Božena Možíšová, Jaroslav Doubrava, Vladimír Lehký, Břetislav Dvořák, František Vystrčil, Bohumil Šejda, Ladislav Vána, Jiří Vokoun, Miloslav Krejčí, Karel Mann
  • Inbetween Checkers: Jack Dunham, John Hench, Jack Mercer, Pat Matthews
  • Inbetweeners: Blaine Gibson, Milt Kahl, Ken O'Brien, Kay Wright, Gene Hazelton, Paul Murry, Seymour Kneitel
  • Effects Directors: Andy Engman, Jack Boyd
  • Effects Animation: Bill Tytla, Stan Quackenbush
  • Additional Effects Animation: George Rowley, Blaine Gibson
  • Background Supervisor: Zdeněk Smetana
  • Background Designers: Jack Kinney, Clyde Geronimi, James Algar, Zdenka Skřípková
  • Background Painters: T. Hee, Bill Justice, Xavier Atencio, Jan Müller, Jiří Krejčí
  • Background Coordinator: Kamil Lhoták
  • Background Assistant: Eduard Hofman
  • Animation Checking: Seymour Kneitel, Stan Quackenbush, Myron Waldman, Bohumil Vích, Bohuslav Martinů
  • Xerox: Blanka Radová, Jana Šebestíková, Vojen Masník, Jan Klement
  • Background and Color Styling: John Hench
  • Ink and Paint Artists: Rae McSpadden, Retta Davidson, June Patterson, Marjorie Ralston, Jeanne Lee Keil, Jan Rychlík, Jean Wiener, Josef Lada, Zdeněk Miler, Zdeněk Seydl, Václav Renč
  • Paint Checking: Jan Hejl, Jiří Šebestík
  • Final Checking: Václav Bedřich
  • Camera: Zdenka Hajdová, Josef Střecha
  • Shipping Coordinator: Ivan Urban
  • Director: Gene Deitch[4]
  • Producer: William L. Snyder


  1. ^ "1960 (33rd)". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  2. ^ "Preserved Projects". Academy Film Archive. 
  3. ^ Transcript of March 24, 2010, Feiffer interview at the Museum of Comic and Cartoon Art, published as "Backing into Jules Feiffer: An Exclusive Q&A", p.2,, April 18, 2010
  4. ^ "Anatomy of an Oscar" Occasional Deitch 2007, page 3, retrieved [2007-11-04]

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