Muong people

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người Mường
Total population
(1.268.963 (2009)[1])
Regions with significant populations
Animism, Buddhism
Muong Settlement with traditional houses near Hòa Bình
Smoking and drinking banana wine, Muong customs.
A musical instrument of Muong people

The Mường (Vietnamese: người Mường) is the third largest of Vietnam's 53 minority groups, with an estimated population of 1.3 million (based on the 2009 census and five years of population growth). The Muong people inhabit the mountainous region of northern Vietnam, concentrated in Hòa Bình Province and the mountainous districts of Thanh Hóa Province. They are most closely related to the ethnic Vietnamese.

While the Muong are believed to be related to the Vietnamese, some ethnologists theorize the Muong remained in the mountains and developed independently while the Vietnamese moved to the low country and became influenced by Chinese culture resulting from the 111 BC invasion by Chinese Han Emperor Wu Ti. The Muong and the Tai have had a mutual influence on each other's culture, so today the Muong are ethnically and linguistically close to the Vietnamese, but culturally and socially similar to the Tai.


The Mường speak the Muong language, a close relative of Vietnamese.


Muong have many valuable epics (Muong language: mo), such as Te tac te dac (meaning: Giving birth to the Earth and the Water).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "The 2009 Vietnam Population and Housing Census: Completed Results". General Statistics Office of Vietnam: Central Population and Housing Census Steering Committee. June 2010. p. 134. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 

External links[edit]