Muoná (Northern Sami)
|Muonion kunta (Finnish)|
Muonio kommun (Swedish)
|• Municipal manager||Laura Enbuska-Mäki|
|• Total||2,039.97 km2 (787.64 sq mi)|
|• Land||1,904.24 km2 (735.23 sq mi)|
|• Water||133.91 km2 (51.70 sq mi)|
|• Rank||31st largest in Finland|
|• Rank||245th largest in Finland|
|• Density||1.22/km2 (3.2/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|• Finnish||97.1% (official)|
|Population by age|
|• 0 to 14||14.9%|
|• 15 to 64||56.7%|
|• 65 or older||28.3%|
|Time zone||UTC+02:00 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+03:00 (EEST)|
|Municipal tax rate||21.5%|
Muonio (previously called Muonionniska, Northern Sami: Muoná) is a municipality of Finland. The town is located in far northern Finland above the Arctic Circle on the country's western border, within the area of the former Lappi (Lapland) province. The municipality has a population of 2,321 (31 December 2021) and covers an area of 2,039.97 square kilometres (787.64 sq mi) of which 133.91 km2 (51.70 sq mi) is water. The population density is 1.22 inhabitants per square kilometre (3.2/sq mi).
The next closest Finnish municipalities are Enontekiö, Kittilä, and Kolari; and to the west is Sweden's Pajala. On the south side of town, a road bridge crosses the Muonio River, linking Muonio to northern Norrbotten County, Sweden. Muonio is good base for exploring the many things to do in the area, and is on the E8 highway which goes north to Kilpisjärvi. The municipality is unilingually Finnish, unlike many towns on the Finland–Sweden border.
Muonio is known as the municipality with the longest snow season in Finland. For that reason its vocational college has a top ski class that attracts aspiring cross-country ski champions from all over Finland. The "midnight sun" is above the horizon from 27 May to 17 July (52 days), and the period with continuous daylight lasts a bit longer, polar night from 10 December to 2 January (24 days).
The villages in Muonio include:
Results of the 2011 Finnish parliamentary election in Muonio:
- Centre Party 27.5%
- National Coalition Party 23.2%
- True Finns 16.4%
- Social Democratic Party 15.9%
- Left Alliance 9.8%
- Green League 3.0%
- Christian Democrats 2.4%
- Swedish People's Party 1.5%
- Other parties 0.3%
- "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M12*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 February 2022.
- "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003–2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
- "New regional administration model abolishes provinces in 2010". Helsingin Sanomat International Edition. Sanoma Corporation. 31 December 2009. Archived from the original on 13 December 2011. Retrieved 1 January 2010.
- Muonio Travel Guide
- Kilpisjärvi Travel Guide
Media related to Muonio at Wikimedia Commons
- Municipality of Muonio – Official website
- Information on Muonio's ski resorts and the Lapland super pass