Miqdadiyah (Arabic: المقدادية; Kurdish: Şareban ,شارهبان) also transliterated Al-Miqdadiyah, Miqdadia, Muqdadiyah, and Al-Muqdadiyah), also known as Shareban (شهربان), is a city in the Diyala Governorate of Iraq. The city is located about 80 km northeast of Baghdad and 30 km northeast of Baquba, the capital of Diyala. It has a population of about 298,000 inhabitants.
The alternative name of the town is Shareban or Sharaban, mentioned as such in the works of the classical writers such as Ptolemy and Strabo. Sharaban (from Shahraban, from old Iranian, Shatrapan) transforms into satrap in Greek and means a governor or a governorate. This name is still used locally As of late, however, the term Muqdadiyah has largely replaced the old name.
The local Shias believe that Muqdadiya is named after Miqdad ibn Aswad Al-Kindi (or Al-Bahrani) (Arabic: مقداد بن الاسود الكندي) was one of the Sahabah of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad. There is in fact a shrine of Miqdad al-Saiwari in the western suburbs of the present town. Miqdad is venerated by Shi'a Muslims as one of the Four Companions, early Muslims who were followers of Ali ibn Abi Talib--the first Imam of the Shia and the fourth righteous/Rashidun caliph of the Sunni . Miqdad ibn Aswad is among Shi'as regarded as one of the most respected Sahaba. He is mentioned in one Hadith regarding the perfect Shia, he was one of the Muhajirun. However, they fail to demonstrate exactly how this town is connected Miqdad ibn Aswad in order to be named after him.
Being located on the primary highway (the ancient Silk Road) connecting the Iranian highland and the east to Baghdad and the west, the town's strategic location for pilgrims flooding in constantly from the east to the four Shia holy cities of Iraq--(Najaf, Karbala, Kadhimain and Samarrah), helps Miqdadiyah economically, but also renders it as prime real estate to the international jihadist terrorists bent of harming the Shia pilgrims.
The city has a mixed population, with a majority being Arabs of both Shia and Sunni persuasion. The Shias—Arab, Kurd, and Turkoman—are forming a growing religious majority. Other inhabitants are the Kurds and Turkomans. Before their mass expulsion in the course of the 1960s and 1970s, the Shia Faili Kurds constituted the majority of the town's population, followed by the Shia Turkomans. The Kurdish population is now a small minority. The Shia Arabs are instead growing in their numbers exponentially.
- نسبة المخدومين في محافظة ديالى
- "Di encama şer de 4 kes hatin kuştin" (in Kurdish). Retrieved 22 December 2019.
- "شارهبان... بە هۆی وەرگەڕانی ئۆتۆمبێلێكەوە سێ كەس بوونە قوربانی" (in Kurdish). Retrieved 22 December 2019.
- Malayeri, Mohammadi (1375). فرهنگ ایران در دوران انتقال از عصر ساسانی به عصر اسلامی، جلد دوم. دل ایرانشهر، تهران، انتشارات توس.
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