Murad Bakhsh

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Murad Bakhsh
Shahzada of the Mughal Empire
Murád Baxsh.jpg

Sakina Banu Begum
a daughter of Nawab Amir Khan

Sarasvathi Bai
Issue Muhammad Yar
Izzad Bakhsh
Dostdar Banu Begum
Asaish Banu Begum
Hamraz Banu Begum
(Two sons and four daughters)
Full name
Muhammad Murad Bakhsh
Dynasty Timurid
Father Shah Jahan
Mother Mumtaz Mahal
Born 9 October 1624
Rohtasgarh Fort, Bihar, India
Died 14 December 1661 (aged 37)
Gwalior Fort, Madhya Pradesh, India
Burial Traitor's Cemetery (Gwalior)
Religion Islam

Muhammad Murad Bakhsh (9 October 1624 - 14 December 1661[1]) was a Mughal prince as the youngest son of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and his Empress consort Mumtaz Mahal.[2] He was the Subedar of Balkh until he was replaced by his brother Aurangzeb in the year 1647.

Early life[edit]

Muhammad Murad Bakhsh was born on 9 October 1624, at the Rohtasgarh Fort in Bihar, as the youngest son of Emperor Shah Jahan and his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. Murad's siblings included his two politically powerful sisters, the princesses: Jahanara Begum and Roshanara Begum as well as the heir-apparent to his father, his eldest brother, Crown Prince Dara Shikoh and the future Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.

In 1638, Murad Bakhsh, at the age of fourteen years married the Safavid princess, Sakina Banu Begum, a daughter of Shah Nawaz Khan Safavi. She was the younger sister of his elder sister-in-law, Dilras Banu Begum, who was Aurangzeb's wife.[3]

He was appointed to Subadar of Multan (1642), of Balkh (16 February 1646 to 9 August 1646), of Kashmir (20 August 1647 to July 1648), of Deccan (25 July 1648 to 14 September 1649), and Kabul (23 January 1650 to 1654), of Gujarat (March 1654), and Malwa.

War of Succession[edit]

Murad Baksh, younger brother of Aurangzeb

30 November 1657, he proclaimed himself emperor at Ahmadabad, after reports that his father' ill, during the same year he received the Ottoman ambassador Manzada Husain Agha, who arrived in the port of Surat and was on his way to meet Shah Jahan in Agra. Manzada Husain Agha mentions his disappointed regarding the wars between Shah Jahans sons.[4]

Murad Bakhsh joined hands with Aurangzeb to defeat Dara Shikhoh, the eldest son of Shah Jahan. In fact it was the ferocious charge led by Murad Bakhsh and his Sowars that eventually turned the outcome of the battle in favor of Aurangzeb during the Battle of Samugarh.

7 July 1658, while he was in a tent with his brother Aurangzeb, he was intoxicated and was secretly sent to the prison and transferred to Gwalior Fort from January 1659.

He faced a trial that sentenced him to death for having murdered former Diwan clerk named Ali Naqi, in 1661. Aurangzeb then replaced Murad Bakhsh as the Subedar of Gujarat and placed Inayat Khan as the new Mughal commander of Surat.


In 14 December 1661, after 3 years in prison, he was executed at Gwalior Fort.[5][6] With the last of his brothers now dead, Aurangzeb soon became the undisputed emperor of the Mughal Empire.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ DELHI (Mughal Empire)
  2. ^ The Indian Empire - Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 2, p. 402.
  3. ^ Waldemar, Hansen (1986). The Peacock Throne: The Drama of Mogul India. Motilal Banarsidass. p. 124. 
  4. ^
  5. ^ The Rediscovery of India: A New Subcontinent - Ansar Hussain Khan
  6. ^ Sháh-Jahán-námas - The History of India