Murchison (crater)

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Murchison crater 4102 h1.jpg
Coordinates 5°06′N 0°06′W / 5.1°N 0.1°W / 5.1; -0.1Coordinates: 5°06′N 0°06′W / 5.1°N 0.1°W / 5.1; -0.1
Diameter 58 km
Depth 1.8 km
Colongitude 0° at sunrise
Eponym Roderick I. Murchison
Oblique view from Lunar Orbiter 3

Murchison is a lunar crater on the north edge of the Sinus Medii, named in honour of the geologist Sir Roderick Murchison. It shares a section of rim with the crater Pallas. The Lunar prime meridian (or Zenith line) is some kilometers east of the center. To the southeast on the mare is the circular crater Chladni, and to the northeast is Ukert. Farther to the east is the prominent Triesnecker.

From that location the Earth would appear in the lunar sky at around 5 degrees from the top. Also the sun rises during the third quarter of Earthshine and the sun sets during its first quarter.

The wall of Murchison is heavily worn and has completely disappeared in a wide gap to the southeast. The rim is most intact along the northeast part of the crater, but even there it is indented and irregular. Only a ridge remains of the rim shared by Pallas and Murchison, with gaps to the north and south. A low ridge from the east wall runs south to join the rim of Chladni. The crater floor has been flooded with lava, and joins the Sinus Medii through the wide gap in the southeast wall.

Satellite craters[edit]

Murchison crater and its satellite craters taken from Earth in 2012 at the University of Hertfordshire's Bayfordbury Observatory with the telescopes Meade LX200 14" and Lumenera Skynyx 2-1

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Murchison.

Murchison Latitude Longitude Diameter
T 4.4° N 0.1° E 3 km


External links[edit]

Related article[edit]

  • Wood, Chuck (November 2, 2006). "Move Over Orbiter". Lunar Photo of the Day. Archived from the original on August 28, 2017. 
  • Wood, Chuck (April 8, 2010). "Textured Ejecta". Lunar Photo of the Day.  - Rima Bode, also includes Murchison Crater