Murchison Promontory

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Location map, Murchison Promontory on northern part of the Boothia Peninsula
Aerial map, Murchison Promontory south of Somerset Island

Murchison Promontory is a peninsula in northern Canada that is the northernmost point on mainland Canada and on the mainland of North America;[1][2] it is also one of the Extreme points of Earth.

The distance to the North Pole is 1,087 nautical miles (1,251 mi; 2,013 km), or 64 km (40 mi) closer than the distance from Point Barrow, Alaska (the northernmost point in the United States) to the Pole.


Murchison Promontory is situated in Nunavut on the northern part of the Boothia Peninsula in the northern Canadian Arctic. The northernmost point on the promontory is Zenith Point[3] with coordinates 72°00′00″N 94°38′59″W / 72.00000°N 94.64972°W / 72.00000; -94.64972 (Zenith Point (Murchison Promontory)).[4]

The cape is located on the south side of the, 48 by 3 km (29.8 by 1.9 mi), Bellot Strait which separates it from Somerset Island and roughly about 250 km (160 mi) north of the hamlet of Taloyoak.

Murchison Promontory is part of the Kitikmeot Region (Qitirmiut).


The area was first explored in April 1852 by Canadian Captain William Kennedy and French explorer Joseph René Bellot while searching for traces of John Franklin's lost Arctic expedition.[5][6] The strait was then named after Bellot.

Irish born Francis Leopold McClintock also wintered in the area with his ship Fox in the winter of 1858 - 1859 in his search for the Franklin expedition.[7]

In 1937 Scot E. J. "Scotty" Gall passed the promontory on his ship "Aklavik" on the first crossing of the Bellot Strait[8] travelling from the western shore to the eastern for the Hudson's Bay Company.


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Coordinates: 71°58′N 094°57′W / 71.967°N 94.950°W / 71.967; -94.950 (Murchison Promontory)