Murchison Promontory

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Location map, Murchison Promontory on northern part of the Boothia Peninsula
Aerial map, Murchison Promontory south of Somerset Island

Murchison Promontory is a peninsula in northern Canada that is the northernmost point on mainland Canada and on the mainland of North America;[1][2] it is also one of the Extreme points of Earth.

The distance to the North Pole is 1,087 nautical miles (1,251 mi; 2,013 km), or 64 km (40 mi) closer than the distance from Point Barrow, Alaska (the northernmost point in the United States) to the Pole.

Geography[edit]

Murchison Promontory is situated in Nunavut on the northern part of the Boothia Peninsula in the northern Canadian Arctic. The northernmost point on the promontory is Zenith Point[3] with coordinates 72°00′00″N 94°38′59″W / 72.00000°N 94.64972°W / 72.00000; -94.64972 (Zenith Point (Murchison Promontory)).[4]

The cape is located on the south side of the 48 by 3 km (29.8 by 1.9 mi), Bellot Strait which separates it from Somerset Island and about 250 km (160 mi) north of the hamlet of Taloyoak.

Murchison Promontory is part of the Kitikmeot Region (Qitirmiut).

History[edit]

The area was first explored in April 1852 by Canadian Captain William Kennedy and French explorer Joseph René Bellot while searching for traces of John Franklin's lost Arctic expedition.[5][6] The strait was then named after Bellot.

Irish born Francis Leopold McClintock also wintered in the area with his ship Fox in the winter of 1858 - 1859 in his search for the Franklin expedition.[7]

In 1937 Scot E. J. "Scotty" Gall passed the promontory on his ship "Aklavik" on the first crossing of the Bellot Strait[8] travelling from the western shore to the eastern for the Hudson's Bay Company.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Querying Geographical Names of Canada Archived 2011-06-08 at the Wayback Machine at Natural Resources Canada
  2. ^ Murchison Promontory Archived 2012-09-27 at the Wayback Machine at the Atlas of Canada
  3. ^ "Somerset Island". Archived from the original on December 23, 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-25.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) at Oceandots
  4. ^ Zenith Point Archived 2012-10-02 at the Wayback Machine at the Atlas of Canada
  5. ^ Francis Leopold McClintock at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography
  6. ^ The Columbia Gazetteer of North America 2000 Archived 2007-03-11 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Bellot Strait at The Canadian Encyclopedia
  8. ^ University of Calgary, Scotty Gall

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 71°58′N 094°57′W / 71.967°N 94.950°W / 71.967; -94.950 (Murchison Promontory)