Murcia (Spanish Congress electoral district)

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Murcia
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(Murcia).png
Location of Murcia within Spain
Province Murcia
Autonomous community Region of Murcia
Population 1,467,288 (2016)
Electorate 1,034,075 (2016)
Major settlements Murcia, Cartagena, Lorca, Molina de Segura
Current constituency
Created 1977
Seats 8 (1977–1989)
9 (1989–2008)
10 (2008–)

Murcia is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies—the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales—. The constituency elects 10 deputies. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3%.

Overview[edit]

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the provinces of Spain to be established as multi-member districts for the Congress of Deputies,[1] with this regulation being maintained under Article 68.2 of the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Additionally, Article 141.1 of the Constitution would require for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the Cortes Generales.[2]

The Spanish electoral system is regulated under the General Electoral System Organic Law 5/1985. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen and in the full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote—the only exception being in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in the full enjoyment of all political and civil rights—. A 2011 amendment to the electoral law required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "requested" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado). Provinces are entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with additional seats awarded in proportion to population. The number of seats allocated to Murcia is currently set at 10. Deputies are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3% of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution.[2][3][4]

Registered parties and federations of parties are allowed to field candidates, as well as party alliances formed within 10 days from the Cortes' dissolution. Additionally, groups of electors—a legal figure in Spain referring to temporary associations of citizens grouped for the sole purpose of contesting a particular election—are required to obtain the signatures of at least 1% of registered voters in the district in order to be able to field candidates. Since 2011, parties, federations of parties and coalitions left out from the Congress in the previous election are also required to obtain the signatures of at least 0.1% of registered voters in the districts they intend to contest. No party, federation, coalition or group of electors may field more than one list of candidates per district for the same election, and member parties of a contesting federation or alliance are barred from fielding their own lists. From 2002—and in compliance with the Political Parties Organic Law 6/2002—fielded candidates are also forbidden from continuing or succeeding the activities of judicially illegalized, dissolved, or suspended political parties.[3]

Deputies[edit]

Deputies for Murcia 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
4 4
1st 1979
4 4
2nd 1982
5 3
3rd 1986
5 3
4th 1989
5 1 3
5th 1993
1 4 4
6th 1996
1 3 5
7th 2000
3 6
8th 2004
3 6
9th 2008
3 7
10th 2011
2 8
11th 2015
1 2 2 5
12th 2016
1 2 2 5

Elections[edit]

2016 general election[edit]

MurciaMunicipalMapCongress2016.png
Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in Murcia
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 333,109 46.68 +6.28 5 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 144,937 20.31 –0.01 2 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 111,961 15.69 –1.98 2 ±0
United We Can (PodemosIUeQuo)1 103,522 14.51 –3.82 1 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 8,209 1.15 +0.24 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,713 0.52 –0.10
Total 713,592 100.00 10 ±0
Valid votes 713,592 99.17 +0.04
Invalid votes 5,944 0.83 –0.04
Votes cast / turnout 719,536 69.58 –1.56
Abstentions 314,539 30.42 +1.56
Registered voters 1,034,075
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2015 general election[edit]

MurciaMunicipalMapCongress2015.png
Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Murcia
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 293,943 40.40 –23.82 5 –3
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 147,883 20.32 –0.67 2 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 128,570 17.67 New 2 +2
We Can (Podemos) 110,601 15.20 New 1 +1
Popular Unity in CommonUnited Left/Greens (UPeC–IU) 22,767 3.13 –2.57 0 ±0
Blank ballots 4,511 0.62 –0.29
Total 727,615 100.00 10 ±0
Valid votes 727,615 99.13 +0.06
Invalid votes 6,382 0.87 –0.06
Votes cast / turnout 733,997 71.14 –2.97
Abstentions 297,736 28.86 +2.97
Registered voters 1,031,733
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2011 general election[edit]

MurciaMunicipalMapCongress2011.png
Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Murcia
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 471,851 64.22 +2.98 8 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 154,225 20.99 –11.86 2 –1
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 45,984 6.26 +5.32 0 ±0
United LeftGreens of the Region of Murcia: Plural Left (IU–V–RM) 41,896 5.70 +2.76 0 ±0
Blank ballots 6,688 0.91 +0.17
Total 734,686 100.00 10 ±0
Valid votes 734,686 99.07 –0.23
Invalid votes 6,868 0.93 +0.23
Votes cast / turnout 741,554 74.11 –5.47
Abstentions 259,070 25.89 +5.47
Registered voters 1,000,624
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2008 general election[edit]

MurciaMunicipalMapCongress2008.png
Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Murcia
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 469,380 61.24 +3.82 7 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 251,822 32.85 –2.15 3 ±0
United Left of the Region of Murcia–Alternative (IURM) 22,512 2.94 –1.33 0 ±0
Blank ballots 5,649 0.74 –0.69
Total 766,510 100.00 10 +1
Valid votes 766,510 99.30 –0.08
Invalid votes 5,402 0.70 +0.08
Votes cast / turnout 771,912 79.58 +2.52
Abstentions 198,034 20.42 –2.52
Registered voters 969,946
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2004 general election[edit]

MurciaMunicipalMapCongress2004.png
Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Murcia
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 413,902 57.42 –0.66 6 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 252,246 35.00 +2.62 3 ±0
United Left (IU) 30,787 4.27 –1.97 0 ±0
Blank ballots 10,331 1.43 +0.36
Total 720,775 100.00 9 ±0
Valid votes 720,775 99.38 –0.05
Invalid votes 4,491 0.62 +0.05
Votes cast / turnout 725,266 77.06 +3.52
Abstentions 215,879 22.94 –3.52
Registered voters 941,145
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2000 general election[edit]

MurciaMunicipalMapCongress2000.png
Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Murcia
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 389,564 58.08 +8.19 6 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' PartyProgressives (PSOE–p) 217,179 32.38 –5.61 3 ±0
United Left (IU) 41,842 6.24 –4.29 0 –1
Blank ballots 7,185 1.07 +0.28
Total 670,684 100.00 9 ±0
Valid votes 670,684 99.43 –0.11
Invalid votes 3,832 0.57 +0.11
Votes cast / turnout 674,516 73.54 –8.46
Abstentions 242,701 26.46 +8.46
Registered voters 917,217
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1996 general election[edit]

MurciaMunicipalMapCongress1996.png
Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Murcia
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 350,337 49.89 +2.60 5 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 266,738 37.99 –0.60 3 –1
United Left–The Greens Region of Murcia (IU–LV) 73,961 10.53 +0.82 1 ±0
Blank ballots 5,516 0.79 +0.27
Total 702,192 100.00 9 ±0
Valid votes 702,192 99.54 +0.06
Invalid votes 3,251 0.46 –0.06
Votes cast / turnout 705,443 82.00 +0.44
Abstentions 154,862 18.00 –0.44
Registered voters 860,305
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1993 general election[edit]

MurciaMunicipalMapCongress1993.png
Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in Murcia
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 310,507 47.29 +17.31 4 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 253,324 38.59 –7.47 4 –1
United Left (IU) 63,717 9.71 +0.52 1 +1
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 14,442 2.20 –8.16 0 –1
Blank ballots 3,433 0.52 +0.05
Total 656,534 100.00 9 ±0
Valid votes 656,534 99.48 +0.15
Invalid votes 3,418 0.52 –0.15
Votes cast / turnout 659,952 81.56 +7.31
Abstentions 149,234 18.44 –7.31
Registered voters 809,186
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1989 general election[edit]

MurciaMunicipalMapCongress1989.png
Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in Murcia
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 256,107 46.06 –2.79 5 ±0
People's Party (PP)1 166,712 29.98 –4.35 3 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 57,634 10.36 +2.02 1 +1
United Left (IU) 51,105 9.19 +4.67 0 ±0
Ruiz-Mateos Group (Ruiz-Mateos) 6,253 1.12 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,640 0.47 –0.02
Total 556,083 100.00 9 +1
Valid votes 556,083 99.33 +0.82
Invalid votes 3,741 0.67 –0.82
Votes cast / turnout 559,824 74.25 –0.41
Abstentions 194,156 25.75 +0.41
Registered voters 753,980
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1986 general election[edit]

MurciaMunicipalMapCongress1986.png
Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in Murcia
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 261,922 48.85 –1.91 5 ±0
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)1 184,109 34.33 –1.25 3 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 44,724 8.34 +6.42 0 ±0
United Left (IU)2 24,222 4.52 +0.76 0 ±0
Democratic Reformist Party (PRD) 7,067 1.32 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,624 0.49 +0.14
Total 536,218 100.00 8 ±0
Valid votes 536,218 98.51 +0.02
Invalid votes 8,105 1.49 –0.02
Votes cast / turnout 544,323 74.66 –7.83
Abstentions 184,718 25.34 +7.83
Registered voters 729,041
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1982 general election[edit]

MurciaMunicipalMapCongress1982.png
Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in Murcia
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 270,552 50.76 +11.61 5 +1
People's Alliance–People's Democratic Party (APPDP)1 189,642 35.58 +29.90 3 +3
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 34,354 6.45 –32.62 0 –4
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 20,065 3.76 –4.15 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 10,211 1.92 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,854 0.35 –0.11
Total 532,961 100.00 8 ±0
Valid votes 532,961 98.49 –0.26
Invalid votes 8,197 1.51 +0.26
Votes cast / turnout 541,158 82.49 +9.78
Abstentions 114,894 17.51 –9.78
Registered voters 656,052
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1979 general election[edit]

MurciaMunicipalMapCongress1979.png
Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Murcia
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)1 178,621 39.15 –0.85 4 ±0
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 178,229 39.07 –1.63 4 ±0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 36,090 7.91 +1.22 0 ±0
Democratic Coalition (CD)2 25,903 5.68 –1.08 0 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (historical) (PSOEh)3 7,784 1.71 +0.39 0 ±0
National Union (UN)4 6,925 1.52 +1.00 0 ±0
Cantonal Party (PCAN) 6,290 1.38 New 0 ±0
Workers' Revolutionary Organization (ORT)5 4,715 1.03 +0.45 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,082 0.46 +0.31
Total 456,209 100.00 8 ±0
Valid votes 456,209 98.75 –0.26
Invalid votes 5,762 1.25 +0.26
Votes cast / turnout 461,971 72.71 –9.09
Abstentions 173,405 27.29 +9.09
Registered voters 635,376
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1977 general election[edit]

MurciaMunicipalMapCongress1977.png
Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Murcia
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 181,633 40.70 4
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 155,871 34.93 4
People's Alliance (AP) 30,167 6.76 0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 29,840 6.69 0
People's Socialist PartySocialist Unity (PSP–US) 22,627 5.07 0
Christian Democracy FederationChristian Democracy Team (FDC–EDC) 9,166 2.05 0
Democratic Socialist Alliance (ASDCI) 5,886 1.32 0
Blank ballots 660 0.15
Total 446,272 100.00 8
Valid votes 446,272 99.01
Invalid votes 4,480 0.99
Votes cast / turnout 450,752 81.80
Abstentions 100,269 18.20
Registered voters 551,021
Source: Ministry of the Interior

References[edit]

  1. ^ Political Reform Act of 1977, Law No. 1 of January 4, 1977 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b Spanish Constitution of 1978, December 29, 1978 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ a b General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of June 19, 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Congress Functions". congreso.es. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 

Coordinates: 38°00′N 1°50′W / 38.000°N 1.833°W / 38.000; -1.833