Murdeira

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Murdeira
A villa house, a dominant feature in all of Murdeira
A villa house, a dominant feature in all of Murdeira
Murdeira is located in Cape Verde
Murdeira
Coordinates: 16°40′55″N 22°56′13″W / 16.682°N 22.937°W / 16.682; -22.937Coordinates: 16°40′55″N 22°56′13″W / 16.682°N 22.937°W / 16.682; -22.937
Country Cape Verde
Island Sal
Municipality Sal
Civil parish Nossa Senhora das Dores
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 248

Murdeira (Cape Verdean Creole: Murdera, common spelling: Murera or Murela) is a village in the island of Sal, Cape Verde. The village is situated on the west coast, roughly midway along the island's major highway linking the island capital Espargos and Santa Maria.

Murdeira was originally a small settlement of mostly farmers and fishermen. Starting in the late 1990s,[2] a major private undertaking led to the building of a seaside tourist village in the region, called "Aldeamento Turístico da Murdeira", which grew a permanent population as the houses were gradually bought, mostly by island locals and some foreigners. The name now primarily refers to this semi-gated community. Its population live in the smaller surrounding settlements such as Madama, Palha Verde and Lomba Branca.

Around 4 km east of the village there is a wind farm that was built in 2010 to generate electricity for much of the island.

As with the rest of the island, the area around the village is dominated by mostly bare soil and some desert sands. Natural vegetation is scarce, but small concentrations of Faidherbia albida trees and small bushes occur in the region, near the coastline. The village sits in the center of a small cove beach inside the much larger Murdeira Bay (Baía de Murdeira), which is known for its rich sealife and a small coral reef. The right wing of the bay forms an elevation whose characteristic profile garnered it the name Monte Leão (Mount Lion). The bay is a marine reserve which forms a part of a reserve that includes Ilhéu Rabo de Junco. Humpback whales visits the bay for its mating season each year.[3]

The village was mentioned as "Mordera" in the 1747 French/Dutch map by Jacques Nicolas Bellin.[4]

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