Homicide in Israeli law

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Israel had 173 murders in 2004, compared to 147 murders in 2000.[1]

There are five types of homicide defined by Israeli law:

Type Definition
Murder The premeditated killing of a person, or the intentional killing of a person whilst committing, preparing for, or escaping from any crime, is murder. The mandatory punishment for this crime is life imprisonment. Life is usually commuted (clemency from the President) to 30 years from which a third can be deducted by the parole board for good behaviour. Terrorists are not usually granted pardons or parole other than as part of deals struck with Terrorist organisations or foreign governments, and in exchange for captured Israelis or their corpses. This has been the case a number of times since the establishment of the State.
Genocide Genocide, under Israeli law, is defined as "the deliberate and systematic destruction, in whole or in part, of an ethnic, racial, religious, or national group". Israel is not a member of the International Criminal Court, and prosecutes cases of genocides under its own jurisdiction with the use of Military tribunals. This is due to the fact that Israeli law calls for the death penalty in cases of genocides. The mandatory punishment for genocide is the death penalty. Thus, under Israeli law, genocide is one of the few crimes subject to the death penalty if the offense is committed in war time.
Manslaughter The deliberate killing of a person without premeditation (or the other circumstances of murder) is manslaughter for which the maximum sentence is 20 years. The sentence depends on the particular circumstances of the crime and its perpetrator.
Negligent killing or vehicular killing Maximum sentence is 3 years (minimum of 11 months for the driver). The perpetrator in this situation can expect to receive some jail time of about 6 – 12 months.
Infanticide The killing of a baby less than 12 months old by its mother where she can show that she was suffering from the effects of the birth or breast-feeding. Maximum sentence is 5 years.

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