Murder (Romanian law)

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According to the Romanian penal code, a person can face a penalty ranging from 10 to 25 years or life imprisonment for murder. There are also mandatory restrictions of some constitutional rights for all types of intentional murder.[1]

Degrees of murder[edit]

  • Murder (3rd degree — 10 to 20 years). Killing a person when no aggravating circumstances apply.
  • Qualified murder (2nd degree — 15 to 25 years). Aggravating circumstances:
a) with premeditation
b) concerning a material interest
c) against spouse or close relative
d) taking advantage of victim's impossibility of self-defense
e) when putting in danger the lives of multiple persons
f) concerning job attributions of the victim
g) for facilitating or hiding another crime
h) in public
  • Extremely grave murder (1st degree — 15 to 25 years or life imprisonment). Aggravating circumstances:
a) committed in a cruel way
b) against two or more persons
c) by a person who had already committed a murder
d) in order to hide a robbery
e) against a pregnant woman
f) by or against a policeman, gendarme, magistrate or soldier (in connection with their public duties)
  • Negligent or accidental murder (1 to 5 years in simple form). Aggravating circumstances:
a) Caused by a professional in connection with his job for not respecting the legal dispositions (2 to 7 years)
b) By a vehicle driver with blood alcohol concentration (BAC) above legal limits or in a drunk state (5 to 15 years)
c) By a professional in a drunk state - in connection with his job duties (5 to 15 years)
d) When causing the death of two or more persons (5 to 15 years)


  1. ^ "Criminal Code of Romania, art. 174-176". Retrieved December 14, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Criminal Code of Romania, art. 177". Retrieved December 14, 2012.