Murder of Kelso Cochrane
Cochrane was born in Antigua and after a failed marriage in the United States in 1954 had moved to London, where he settled in Notting Hill and worked as a carpenter. He aimed to save sufficient money to study law.
After fracturing his thumb in a work accident, he attended Paddington General Hospital. While walking home, shortly after midnight on 17 May 1959, the 32-year-old Cochrane was set upon by a gang of white youths, who stabbed him with a stiletto knife. Three other men arrived on the scene, and the youths ran off. The three men took Cochrane to hospital, where he died an hour later.
Notting Hill was at the time a stronghold for Oswald Mosley's Union Movement and Colin Jordan's White Defence League. The previous year, race riots had broken out in that area. The detective investigating the cases was initially convinced that the youths' motive was robbery, but Cochrane's lack of money was explained by his fiancée, as Cochrane himself had emptied his wallet that morning. Searchlight magazine claimed in 2006 that the police's public denial of any racist motive "was almost certainly a misguided attempt to ensure calm in the area".
Local Union Movement member Peter Dawson later claimed to the Sunday People that it had been a group member who was responsible for the murder. Mosley himself later held a public meeting on the spot where Cochrane had been murdered. Following the murder, the British Government organised an investigation into race relations, chaired by Amy Ashwood Garvey.
From 1959, activist Claudia Jones organised events to celebrate Caribbean culture "in the face of the hate from the white racists", which are seen as forerunners of the first Notting Hill Carnival in 1964.
A BBC Two television documentary broadcast on 8 April 2006 covered the first visit by Stanley Cochrane to England that year to try to find out more about his brother's death and ask for a police re-investigation. Steve Silver, who was in contact with the BBC researchers and wrote an article in Searchlight coinciding with the programme, later reported that he had been heard from Kelso Cochrane's daughter in the US and was able to put her in touch with her uncle.
Cochrane's murder is believed to have led to a decline in support for Oswald Mosley, who was planning a return to politics in the UK. Mosley polled under 3,000 votes in Kensington North in the general election in October.
On Sunday, 17 May 2009, to mark the 50th anniversary of Cochrane's death, a blue plaque was unveiled at the Golborne Bar & Restaurant, now "West Thirty Six" (36 Golborne Road, London W10), just opposite the place where he was attacked.
- The National Archives (formerly known as the Public Records Office), Kew, UK. CO 1031/2941; The Criminal Investigative Divisions of Antigua’s background check of Kelso Cochrane June 20, 1959 submitted to the “Secretary of State”.
- Raphael Rowe, "Who killed Kelso Cochrane?" BBC News, 7 April 2006.
- The Long View documentary, BBC Radio 4, 17 January 2012. Comparison of the racist murders of Stephen Lawrence and Kelso Cochrane.
- Steve Silver, "The murder of Kelso Cochrane – a postscript", 17 January 2011.
- Steve Silver, "Who killed my brother?", Searchlight, May 2006.
- Mark Olden, "Stephen Lawrence and echoes of the past", Murder in Notting Hill.
- "Black History in Westminster"
- Lloyd Bradley, Bass Culture: When Reggae Was King, Penguin Books, 2001 (ISBN 0-140-23763-1), p. 114.
- Open Plaques.
- "Kelso Cochrane Honoured With A Blue Plaque" Archived 2010-12-27 at the Wayback Machine, itzcaribbean.com.
- Mark Olden, Murder in Notting Hill, Zero Books (rpt 2011)
- Raphael Rowe, "Who killed Kelso Cochrane?", BBC News, 7 April 2006.
- Frances Webber, "Fifty Years on - Remembering Kelso Cochrane", Institute of Race Relations, 21 May 2009.
- Mark Olden's blog on the Cochrane and Lawrence murders
- Murad Qureshi, "The Killing of Kelso Cochrane", The Qureshi Report, 18 May 2009.