Murder of Kriss Donald

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Coordinates: 55°50′32″N 4°11′57″W / 55.842099°N 4.199232°W / 55.842099; -4.199232

Kriss Donald
Born(1988-07-02)2 July 1988
Died15 March 2004(2004-03-15) (aged 15)
near to Lilybank, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
Cause of deathStab Wounds [1]
Resting placeLinn Cemetery, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
55°47′55″N 4°15′31″W / 55.798583°N 4.258634°W / 55.798583; -4.258634
ResidencePollokshields, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
NationalityScottish
OccupationPupil
Known forVictim of racist murder
Height5 ft 7 in (170 cm)
Weight8 st 7 lb (119 lb; 54 kg)[2]
Parent(s)Angela Donald
Websitewww.gonetoosoon.org/memorials/kriss-donald

Kriss Donald (2 July 1988 – 15 March 2004) was a 15-year-old white Scottish boy who was kidnapped and murdered in Glasgow in 2004 by a gang of men of Pakistani origin,[1] some of whom fled to Pakistan after the crime.[3][4][5][6] Daanish Zahid, Imran Shahid, Zeeshan Shahid and Mohammed Faisal Mustaq were later found guilty of racially motivated murder and sentenced to life imprisonment.[3][4]

The case, which featured the first-ever conviction for racially motivated murder in Scotland, is cited in two newspaper articles as an example of the lack of attention the media and society give to white sufferers of racist attacks compared to that given to ethnic minorities.[7][8] It is also suggested the crime demonstrates how society has been forced to redefine racism so as to no longer exclude white victims.[9]

Kidnapping and murder[edit]

On 15 March 2004, Donald was abducted from Kenmure Street by five men associated with a local British Pakistani gang led by Imran Shahid. The kidnapping was ostensibly revenge for an attack on Shahid at a nightclub in Glasgow city centre the night before by a local white gang, and Donald was chosen as an example of a "white boy from the McCulloch Street area" despite having no involvement in the nightclub attack or in any gang activity.[1][10][11][12][13]

Donald was taken on a 200-mile journey to Dundee and back while his kidnappers made phone calls looking for a house to take him to. Having no success at this, they returned to Glasgow and took him to the Clyde Walkway, near Celtic Football Club's training ground.[1][11] There, they held his arms (ascertained due to an absence of defensive wounds) and stabbed him multiple times. He sustained internal injuries to three arteries, one of his lungs, his liver and a kidney. He was doused in petrol and set on fire as he bled to death.[1][10][14]

The issue of the killing quickly became politicised because of the racial element. After the murder there were reportedly racial tensions in the area sufficient to lead to police intervention.[4]

Arrests and first trials[edit]

Initially, two men were arrested in connection with the crime. One man, Daanish Zahid, was found guilty of Kriss Donald's murder on 18 November 2004 and was the first person to be convicted of racially motivated murder in Scotland.[15] Another man, Zahid Mohammed, admitted involvement in the abduction of Donald and lying to police during their investigation and was jailed for five years. He was released after serving half of his sentence and returned to court to give evidence against three subsequent defendants.[13][16]

Daanish Zahid
Born (1984-01-29) 29 January 1984 (age 35)[17]
Criminal statusIn prison
MotiveRacism
Conviction(s)Racially motivated murder
Criminal chargeRacially motivated murder, abduction, attempting to defeat the ends of justice
PenaltyLife imprisonment (minimum 17 years)
Imran Shahid
Born1976 or 1977
Other namesBaldy[19]
Criminal statusIn prison
MotiveRacism
Conviction(s)Racially motivated murder, abduction
Criminal chargeRacially motivated murder, abduction
PenaltyLife imprisonment (minimum 25 years)
Zeeshan Shahid
Born1977 or 1978
Criminal statusIn prison
MotiveRacism
Conviction(s)Racially motivated murder, abduction
Criminal chargeRacially motivated murder, abduction,
PenaltyLife imprisonment (minimum 23 years)
Mohammed Faisal Mushtaq
Born1978 or 1979
Criminal statusIn prison
MotiveRacism
Conviction(s)Racially motivated murder, abduction
Criminal chargeRacially motivated murder, abduction
PenaltyLife imprisonment (minimum 22 years)
Zahid Mohammed
Born (1984-01-01) 1 January 1984 (age 35)[17]
Other namesYusef Harris[16]
Criminal statusReleased from prison
MotiveRacism
Conviction(s)Abduction
Criminal chargeAbduction
Penalty5 years' imprisonment

Special extradition and later trial[edit]

Three suspects were arrested in Pakistan in July 2005 and extradited to the UK in October 2005, following the intervention of Mohammed Sarwar, the MP for Glasgow Central.[11][10]

The Pakistani police had to engage in a "long struggle" to capture two of the escapees. There is no extradition treaty between Pakistan and Britain, but the Pakistani authorities agreed to extradite the suspects.[10][11] There were numerous diplomatic complications around the case, including apparent divergences between government activities and those of ambassadorial officials; government figures were at times alleged to be reluctant to pursue the case for diplomatic reasons.[20]

The three extradited suspects, Imran Shahid, Zeeshan Shahid, and Mohammed Faisal Mushtaq, all in their late twenties, arrived in Scotland on 5 October 2005.[21] They were charged with Donald's murder the following day.[22] Their trial opened on 2 October 2006 in Scotland.[23]

On 8 November 2006, the three men were found guilty of the racially motivated murder of Kriss Donald. All three had denied the charge, but a jury at the High Court in Edinburgh convicted them of abduction and murder.[18] Each of the killers received sentences of life imprisonment, with Imran Shahid given a 25-year minimum term, Zeeshan Shahid a 23-year minimum and Mushtaq receiving a recommended minimum of 22 years.[4][10][11]

Controversies surrounding the case[edit]

Lack of media coverage[edit]

The BBC has been criticised by some viewers because the case featured on national news only three times and the first trial was later largely confined to regional Scottish bulletins including the verdict itself. Although admitting that the BBC had "got it wrong", the organisation's Head of Newsgathering, Fran Unsworth, largely rejected the suggestion that Donald's race played a part in the lack of reportage, instead claiming it was mostly a product of "Scottish blindness". In preference to reporting the verdict the organisation found the time to report the opening of a new arts centre in Gateshead in its running order.[24] The BBC again faced criticisms for its failure to cover the second trial in its main bulletins, waiting until day 18 to mention the issue and Peter Horrocks of the BBC apologised for the organisation's further failings.[25]

Peter Fahy, spokesman of race issues for the Association of Chief Police Officers, noted that the media as a whole tended to under-report the racist murders of white people, stating "it was a fact that it was harder to get the media interested where murder victims were young white men".[26]

The British National Party was accused by Scotland's First Minister and Labour Party MSP Jack McConnell among others of seeking to exploit the case for political advantage, and an open letter signed by MSPs, trades unionists, and community leaders, condemned the BNP's plans to stage a visit to Pollokshields. The group did hold a rally in the area, leading to accusations that it was fuelling racial tension.[27]

Police response[edit]

A March 2004 article in The Scotsman newspaper alleged a lack of response by authorities to concerns of rising racial tensions and that Strathclyde Police had felt pressured to abandon Operation Gather, an investigation into Asian gangs in the area, for fear of offending ethnic minorities.[28] In a January 2005 interview with a Scottish newspaper, prominent Pakistani Glaswegian Bashir Maan claimed that "fear and intimidation" had allowed problems with Asian gangs in some parts of the city to go unchecked. The article also quoted a former senior Strathclyde police officer who criticised "a culture of political correctness" which had allowed gang crime to "grow unfettered".[29]

A BBC report suggests that another reason for inaction was lack of evidence, as locals were more prepared to make complaints than to give evidence in court.[10] Some commentators have argued the murder was somewhat mischaracterised in the media, as well as expressing a doubt that significant ethnic tensions exist in Pollokshields, suggesting that "gangland revenge" may have played a part.[30]

Tributes[edit]

Glasgow band Glasvegas wrote the song "Flowers And Football Tops" having been inspired by the tragedy and the likely effect it would have on the victim's parents. The band dedicated their 2008 Philip Hall Radar NME award win to Donald's memory.[31][32][33]

A memorial plaque was installed on a bench beside the River Clyde, near to where he was killed, in memory of Donald.[1] In addition, a memorial plaque was placed on a public fence in Pollokshields close to the spot where he was kidnapped; in July 2018, friends and family gathered at the spot to remember him on what would have been his 30th birthday.[34]

Legacy[edit]

The murder led some people to examine their views of racism and its victims. Mark Easton cited the racist murders of Donald and also Ross Parker as demonstrating how society has been forced to redefine racism and discard the erroneous definition of "prejudice plus power"—a definition which only allowed ethnic minorities to be victims of hate crime.[9] Yasmin Alibhai-Brown also cited the Donald case when highlighting the lack of concern for white victims of racist murders. She drew comparisons with high-profile ethnic minority victims, asking whether Donald's murderers were "less evil than those who killed Stephen Lawrence". Alibhai-Brown came to the conclusion that treating "some victims as more worthy of condemnation than others is unforgivable—and a betrayal of anti-racism itself".[7]

Conduct of accused[edit]

Following their convictions, the killers – particularly Imran Shahid, due to his reputation and distinctive appearance – continued to draw attention for events inside the prison system. From the time of their remand in 2005, it was known to the authorities that other prisoners had particular intent to attack the Kriss Donald accused,[35] and an incident at HMP Barlinnie prompted Imran Shahid to be placed in solitary confinement, a practice which continued regularly until 2010 due the continual threat of violence against him and the aggressive behaviour he showed when he did come into contact with others.[35] He appealed against this measure as a breach of his human rights, which was rejected in 2011[36][35] and in 2014[37][38] but upheld in October 2015 by the UK Supreme Court, to the extent that prison rules had not been correctly adhered to in the application for/extension of some periods totalling 14 months of his 56 months of detention, but that overall the reasons for keeping him in solitary for his own safety were valid, and he was not offered any financial compensation as he had requested.[39][40]

In the interim, the concerns over violent reprisals had proven correct as Shahid was attacked twice[41] (the second incident, in which a fellow murderer struck him with a barbell weight in the gym at HMP Kilmarnock in 2013, caused serious injury)[42][43] and also attacked another prisoner with the bar of a barbell, for which he was sentenced to additional jail time in March 2016;[44] he had received a concurrent sentence for violence in 2009 after being racially abused by another prisoner.[45] Shahid also received media attention for cases he brought against the prison service governors in 2017 for unlawful removal of his possessions[46] (a 'penis pump' for erectile dysfunction which was deemed to have negligible medical benefit, and an XBox games console which it was believed could have been adjusted to access the internet), which were dismissed.[47]

Zahid Mohammed, who later changed his name to avoid connection to the murder, was convicted and imprisoned in 2017 for another separate incident involving weapons, threats and driving his vehicle at police.[16]

In 2009, the younger siblings of the Shahid brothers and Faisal Mushtaq were convicted and imprisoned for their own involvement in violent gang-related disorder in Pollokshields.[48][49]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Now tranquil, the place where horror visited". The Scotsman. 13 November 2006. Retrieved 6 July 2018.
  2. ^ Kriss may have been held while knife was plunged into him – The Scotsman
  3. ^ a b "Sikhs blame British policy of 'Asian' tag". The Times Of India. 17 November 2006.
  4. ^ a b c d Mcdougall, Dan (24 July 2004). "Justice for Kriss Donald held hostage by the law". The Scotsman. Edinburgh, UK.
  5. ^ The Middle East, abstracts and index – Library Information and Research Service, google.com; accessed 21 September 2017.
  6. ^ "Life for Pakistani men for killing white teenager". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 10 November 2006.
  7. ^ a b Alibhai Brown, Yasmin (26 October 2006). "When the victim is white, does anyone care?". London Evening Standard. London, UK. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
  8. ^ Robertson, Denise (31 October 2006). "Skin colour is irrelevant". The Journal. Newcastle, UK. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
  9. ^ a b Easton, Mark (8 November 2006). "Racism and race crime redefined". BBC News. Retrieved 29 July 2011.
  10. ^ a b c d e f "Gangsters, murder and extradition", BBC News; accessed 21 September 2017.
  11. ^ a b c d e Three jailed for life for race murder of schoolboy. The Guardian 9 November 2006
  12. ^ Murderers ruled violent Asian gang, Metro, 8 November 2006
  13. ^ a b Kriss attacked 'for being white', BBC News, 5 October 2006
  14. ^ "Kriss trial told boy was set on fire as he bled to death". Evening Times. 27 October 2006. Archived from the original on 2 November 2006. Retrieved 10 August 2018.
  15. ^ Calum Macdonald, "Two others convicted THE FIRST TRIAL", The Herald, 9 November 2006.
  16. ^ a b c "Man convicted of Kriss Donald abduction changes name". The Herald. 9 February 2017.
  17. ^ a b Robertson, Alex (19 November 2004). "Gang 'nobodies' will pay price for their roles". Evening Times.
  18. ^ a b "Trio jailed for Kriss race murder". BBC News. 8 November 2006.
  19. ^ The evil empire, Scotsman.com; accessed 21 September 2017.
  20. ^ "Ministers block extradition of Kriss Donald murder suspects", The Scotsman, 23 July 2004.
  21. ^ "Glasgow murder suspects fly to UK", BBC News, 5 October 2005.
  22. ^ "Murder suspects appear in court", BBC News, 6 October 2005.
  23. ^ "Schoolboy murder trial under way", BBC News, 2 October 2006.
  24. ^ Presenter: Raymond Snoddy, Interviewee: Fran Unsworth (11 December 2005). "NewsWatch". NewsWatch. London, England. BBC. BBC 1, BBC News Channel.
  25. ^ Presenter: Raymond Snoddy, Interviewee: Peter Horrocks (30 October 2006). "NewsWatch (TV series)". NewsWatch. London, England. BBC. BBC 1, BBC News Channel.
  26. ^ Barnett, Antony (22 October 2006). "Racial murders: nearly half the victims are white". The Guardian. London.
  27. ^ sundayherald.com Archived 4 February 2005 at the Wayback Machine
  28. ^ Dan McDougall, "Murder hunt police drop ‘politically incorrect’ gang crackdown", The Scotsman, 19 March 2004.
  29. ^ ""Row over policing Asian gangs"". Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 8 November 2006.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) by Imaad Azim in the iWitness
  30. ^ "spiked-online.com". Retrieved 24 June 2007.
  31. ^ "Edinburgh's Hogmanay: First footers' stomp", Scotland on Sunday.
  32. ^ "T in the Park preview: Glasvegas", The Scotsman, 4 June 2008.
  33. ^ "The extended NME interview". New Musical Express. London: IPC Media. 21 June 2008.
  34. ^ "Kriss Donald: Poignant tributes left on what would have been his 30th birthday". Evening Times. 3 July 2018. Retrieved 6 July 2018.
  35. ^ a b c Imran Shahid v Scottish Ministers (Opinion of Lord Malcolm), Scottish Courts and Tribunals Service, 18 November 2011
  36. ^ Kriss Donald killer Imran Shahid loses human rights bid, BBC News, 18 November 2011
  37. ^ Judges refuse Kriss Donald killer Imran Shahid's compensation bid, BBC News, 31 January 2014
  38. ^ Imran Shahid v The Scottish Ministers (Opinion of the Court), Scottish Courts and Tribunals Service, 31 January 2014
  39. ^ Donald killer Imran Shahid wins human rights appeal, BBC News, 14 October 2015
  40. ^ Segregation of prisoner was 'unlawful' and breached his human rights, UK Supreme Court rules, Scottish Legal News, 14 October 2015
  41. ^ Kriss Donald's killer Imran Shahid attacked in prison, BBC News, 11 October 2011]
  42. ^ William Crawford admits jail attack on Imran Shahid, BBC News, 17 September 2013
  43. ^ Murderer who targeted racist killer 'is no hero', Clydebank Post, 27 September 2013
  44. ^ Kriss Donald killer Imran Shahid sentenced for jail attack, BBC News, 16 March 2016
  45. ^ Kriss killer admits prison attack, BBC News, 7 January 2009
  46. ^ Member of gang who murdered Kriss Donald takes prison governor to court, The Herald, 14 October 2017
  47. ^ Months after failed penis pump plea, race hate killer Imran Shahid suffers another legal blow, The Courier, 23 February 2018
  48. ^ Brothers of Kriss Donald race killers jailed for gun feud with rival gang, The Scotsman, 26 March 2009
  49. ^ Brother of race hate killer Imran 'Baldy' Shahid jailed for five years for callous con, Daily Record, 22 July 2017

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