Murder of Margaret Ann Pahl
On May 11, 2006, retired Roman Catholic priest Gerald Robinson (April 14, 1938 – July 4, 2014) was convicted of the murder of Sister Margaret Ann Pahl (1909-1980), a Sister of Mercy, a Catholic religious order of women on Holy Saturday, April 5, 1980. Robinson repeatedly appealed, but without success as of April 2013[update]. On July 4, 2014, Robinson died in prison.
Murder, investigation, and trial
In 1980 Robinson was the chaplain at Toledo Mercy Hospital, Toledo, Ohio, United States, where he ministered to the sick and terminally ill. Sister Pahl was the caretaker of the chapel.
Robinson was convicted of strangling and stabbing Pahl, who was 71 at the time, in the sacristy of a chapel of the hospital where they worked together. The priest presided at her funeral Mass four days after her death. Pahl was stabbed 31 times, including nine times in the shape of an inverted cross. Prosecutors considered this shape was deliberate and intended to humiliate Pahl in death. Pahl was found covered in an altar cloth, her clothes and body arranged to suggest she had been sexually assaulted, although it was not clear she had been.
Robinson was questioned about the crime in 1980, but was not charged. Dean Mandros, the chief of the criminal division in the Lucas County prosecutor's office said as the priest was being questioned by detectives two weeks after the killing, Deputy Police Chief Ray Vetter, who later testified he was a practicing Catholic, interrupted the interview (which is not normal procedure) and allowed a monsignor to escort Father Robinson out of Police Headquarters, which "upset the detectives to no end". Mandros also said Vetter asked detectives to give him their reports on the case, and some of those reports were never seen again. A cover-up was alleged.
The case remained unsolved, with no new leads, until 2003 when police received a letter from a woman who claimed that Robinson had sexually abused her when she was a child in a series of Satanic ritual abuse that also involved human sacrifice. The woman, using the name "Survivor Doe", also filed a civil lawsuit against Robinson seeking financial damages for having been a victim of ritual abuse by Robinson and other adults dressed as nuns. The case was dismissed in 2011 due to having been filed too late.
The accusations were sent to the prosecutor's cold case unit. Forensic tests indicated a sword-shaped letter opener that had been found in Robinson's apartment and stored without detailed examination was consistent with the weapon that inflicted the wounds; in the words of the prosecutor's expert, it could "not be ruled out". The tip of the opener fitted a wound in the jaw of the nun's exhumed body "like a key in a lock" according to prosecutors.
Using new forensic techniques, imprints on the altar cloth were found closely matching the letter opener, Mandros said. Prosecutors also found three witnesses who said they had seen the priest near the chapel around the time of the killing.
The case against Robinson went to trial on April 24, 2006. Robinson was found guilty on all counts on May 11, 2006. This was the second conviction for homicide of a Catholic priest in the United States; Hans Schmidt, executed in 1916, was the first.
On July 11, 2008, Ohio's Sixth District Court of Appeals reaffirmed his conviction, and in December 2008 the Ohio Supreme Court declined to hear his appeal. In April 2012 he again applied for his conviction to be quashed, but in February 2013 the Ohio 6th District Court of Appeals confirmed the denial of Robinson’s petition for post-conviction relief. Robinson's attorney said the decision would shortly be appealed to the Ohio Supreme Court, and once state appeals were exhausted, the case could move to U.S. District Court. On July 4, 2014, Robinson died in prison, after a judge refused a request for him to be released to Toledo to die.
The case is described in the book Sin, Shame, And Secrets: The Murder of a Nun, the Conviction of a Priest, and Cover-up in the Catholic Church by Toledo journalist David Yonke.
The case was also re-examined in the A&E television show Dead Again where the original verdict was found to be consistent with the findings although one investigator did conclude there appeared to be enough uncertainty to not validate a verdict.
Robinson died on July 4, 2014, at the Columbus, Ohio, hospice unit of Franklin Medical Center, a prison operated by the Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Corrections, after a heart attack in May.
- Erb, Robin (May 2, 2004). "Slain nun's piety obscured in details of bizarre death". Toledo Blade. Retrieved 2014-06-24.
- "Priest convicted of killing nun dies in prison". Porterville Recorder. 4 July 2014. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
- "Priest Found Guilty of Nun's 1980 Murder", New York Times, 12 May 2006.
- Sin, Shame, And Secrets: The Murder of a Nun, the Conviction of a Priest, and Cover-up in the Catholic Church by David Yonke, published by Continuum, 2006, 240pp, ISBN 978-0826417558 Google books excerpt
- Fast Facts: Timeline of Sister Margaret Ann Pahl's Killing
- Priest convicted of slaying nun
- Supreme Court Rejects Woman's Lawsuit Claiming Satanic Abuse by Toledo Priest, David Yonke, Columbus Dispatch, 7 April 2011
- msnbc: Prosecutor: Priest’s blade fits nun’s wounds, 21 April 206
- The Toledo Blade on the reaffirmation of the conviction
- Priest again appeals murder conviction - Withholding of key documents alleged , BY DAVID YONKE, Toledo Blade, 24 April 2012
- Toledo Blade: Priest's conviction in '80 murder upheld – Robinson's defense says it will continue appeals, 21 February 2013