Murder of Rebecca Wight

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The murder of Rebecca Wight (October 17, 1959 – May 13, 1988) occurred on May 13, 1988, in Pennsylvania's Michaux State Forest, when Stephen Roy Carr fired on Wight and her partner, Claudia Brenner (born June 26, 1956).

Background[edit]

Rebecca Wight was a student, of Iranian-Puerto Rican heritage, who was working on her Master's Degree in business administration and Claudia Brenner was a Jewish, Manhattan-born architecture student; they had been partners for two years after having met over breakfast while both were students at Virginia Tech.[1]

In May 1988, Wight and Brenner were hiking the Appalachian Trail in Pennsylvania.[2] They parked their car at Dead Woman Hollow,[3] and hiked into Michaux State Forest where they set up camp.[4]

The murder[edit]

Wight first encountered Stephen Roy Carr in a public restroom near their campground. Carr, 22, sometimes lived in a cave and carried a .22 caliber rifle.[5] He asked Wight for a cigarette. She said she didn't have one, and hurried back to the campsite, where she told Brenner that someone else was there. The couple dressed, and decided to find a more private campsite.

The couple encountered Carr again later that day, when they stopped to look at their map. Brenner and Wight eventually set up camp in a new location. They ate dinner, and began to have sex. Unseen by the couple, Carr watched them from 82 feet away.[6] He fired eight bullets at the women: Brenner was hit five times in the arm, face, head and neck;[7] Wight was shot twice in the head and back. The last shot shattered Wight's liver.[8] The eighth bullet missed.

Wight was unable to stand, so Brenner hiked three miles to the road, where she was able to get a ride to the Shippensburg police station.[9][10] At the station, Brenner gave the police all the details of their ordeal except one - she did not tell police that they were lesbians. When the police returned to the scene, they found that Wight had died from her wounds. Brenner received word of Wight's death while in the hospital.

Carr thought both women were dead. He left 25 rounds of ammunition at the scene, along with the knit cap he'd worn; police found them at the scene. For ten days after the shooting, Carr hid in a Mennonite community.[11] Since members of the community did not read the news or watch television, they did not know Carr was a suspect in a shooting until one member, who had secretly watched television, recognized Carr from the composite drawing on the news and called police.

Police arrested Carr on a warrant from Florida for grand larceny.[12] Carr waived his right to a jury trial in exchange for an agreement by the prosecution not to seek the death penalty.[13] At trial, Carr claimed he had been enraged by the sight of the two women having sex, that the two women had taunted him by having sex in front of him. His public defender said he'd been raped in a Florida prison, and sexually abused as a child. The attorney claimed that the couple's lesbianism was provocation that caused her client "inexplicable rage."[14]

The judge refused to allow evidence of Carr's psychosexual history, ruling it irrelevant.[15] He also disallowed the introduction of Brenner's and Wight's relationship in court, thus forcing the defense to cut a deal and accept a sentence of life without parole.[16] On March 8, 1991, Carr's appeal, based on the court's decision to disallow introduction of his psychosexual history in court, was denied by the Superior Court of Pennsylvania.[17]

Aftermath[edit]

Brenner moved to Ithaca, New York and went on to write a book about the shooting, Wight's death, and her ordeal, Eight Bullets: One Woman's Story of Surviving Anti-Gay Violence, and to become an active speaker against anti-gay violence.[18][19][20] In 1999, H. L. Pohlman also wrote a book about the murder, titled, The Whole Truth.

In 2015 a short documentary about the ordeal, called In the Hollow, was released. Brenner appeared in the documentary, and she also told her story on the British radio program, BBC Outlook.

In autumn 2015, Carr's lawyer, Michael George, ran unsuccessfully for a seat on the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania as a Republican. During the campaign, George's aggressive defense of Carr became an issue. Roy Keefer, the District Attorney who prosecuted the case, described George's conduct as "a ruse in order to slander the victims" but defended his actions in retrospect, noting that he had a duty to use every tactic he thought could benefit his client. Brenner said of George that he "added a lot of pain to a very traumatic and painful time in my life."[21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pohlman 1999, p. 14
  2. ^ Garvey, Stephen P. (2005). "Passion's Puzzle". Iowa Law Review. 90: 1679–.
  3. ^ Out, Volume 4, Issues 1-5. 1995. p. 78.
  4. ^ Dragon, Al (2012-03-01). Avalanche and Gorilla Jim: Appalachian Trail Adventures and Other Tales. Morgan James Publishing. pp. 259–. ISBN 9781614481713. Retrieved 19 September 2012.
  5. ^ Pohlman 1999, p. 11
  6. ^ Pohlman 1999, p. 176
  7. ^ "Brenner Talks About Her Ordeal". The Ithaca Journal. 1989-11-01. Archived from the original on 2006-08-28. Retrieved 2007-08-04.
  8. ^ Brownworth, Victoria A. (2012-09-01). "Acts of violence: the recent shooting of two lesbians in Texas is a grim indicator of intolerance". Curve Magazine. Archived from the original on 2016-03-10. Retrieved 2012-09-19.
  9. ^ Beidel, Tim (April 30, 1990). "Gays Rally in Support of Bill Albany Protest Draws 1,000". Albany Times Union. Archived from the original on January 25, 2013. Retrieved 2012-09-19.
  10. ^ Richardson, Laurel; Taylor, Verta A.; Whittier, Nancy (1997). Feminist frontiers IV. McGraw-Hill. p. 423. ISBN 9780070523791. Retrieved 2012-09-19.
  11. ^ Bellow, Gary; Minow, Martha (1998-07-01). Law Stories. University of Michigan Press. pp. 157–. ISBN 9780472085194. Retrieved 2012-09-19.
  12. ^ Valdes, Alisa (1995-11-16). "Killed over a kiss". Boston Globe. p. 65. Retrieved 2012-09-19.
  13. ^ "Killer Convicted in Anti-Lesbian Shooting". Out in the Mountains. 1989-11-01. Archived from the original on 2006-08-28. Retrieved 2007-08-04.
  14. ^ Anderson-Minshall, Diana (2010-05-01). "Hate crimes across the globe". Curve Magazine. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2012-09-19.
  15. ^ Lee, Cynthia (2003-07-01). Murder and the Reasonable Man: Passion and Fear in the Criminal Courtroom. New York University Press. pp. 82–3. ISBN 9780814751152. Retrieved 2012-09-19.
  16. ^ Swisher, Kara; Brooke A. Masters (1989-09-17). "Police, Gay Activists See Rise In Assaults on Homosexuals;Better Statistics on `Hate Crimes' Sought". Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2017-07-29. Retrieved 2012-09-19.
  17. ^ Smith, Abbe. The Complex Uses of Sexual Orientation in Criminal Court. American University Journal of Gender Social Policy and Law 11 1 (2002): 111-112.
  18. ^ Garvey, Megan (1995-06-17). "The Target That Shot Back; Victim Takes Aim at Anti-Gay Violence". Washington Post. p. C1. Retrieved 2012-09-19.
  19. ^ Graff, E. J. (1995-08-01). "Eight Bullets: One Woman's Story of Surviving Anti-Gay Violence (review)". The Progressive. Archived from the original on 2016-02-22. Retrieved 2012-09-19.
  20. ^ Conway, Mary T. (2002). "Oral Sex With A Capital 'O': Sex, Violence And The Limits Of Representation". Parallax. 8 (4): 71–75. doi:10.1080/1353464022000027975. ISSN 1353-4645.
  21. ^ Bender, Willian. "Pa. Supreme Court candidate's 'gay-panic' defense". Philadelphia Daily News. Retrieved 2016-01-17.

Sources[edit]