Murder of Robert McCartney
The murder of Robert McCartney (1971 – 31 January 2005) occurred in Belfast, Northern Ireland, allegedly carried out by members of the Provisional Irish Republican Army. McCartney was the father of two children and was engaged to be married in June 2005 to his longtime girlfriend, Bridgeen Hagans. He was a Roman Catholic and lived in the predominantly nationalist Short Strand area of east Belfast, and was said by his family to be a supporter of Sinn Féin.
Robert McCartney was involved in an altercation in "Magennis' Bar" on May Street in Belfast's city centre on the night of 30 January 2005. He was found unconscious with stab wounds on Cromac Street by a police patrol car and died at the hospital the following morning. McCartney was 33 years old.
The fight arose when his friend, Brendan Devine, was accused of making an insulting gesture or comment to a woman in the Co social club. When Devine refused to accept this or apologise, a brawl began. McCartney, who was attempting to defend Devine, was attacked with a broken bottle and then dragged into Verner Street, beaten with metal bars and stabbed. Devine also suffered a knife attack, but survived. The throats of both men had been cut and McCartney's wounds included the loss of an eye and a large blade wound running from his chest to his stomach. Devine was hospitalised under armed protection.
On 27 June 2008, Terence Davison was found not guilty of committing the murder; two other men who had been charged with affray were also cleared.
Forensic cover-up and investigation
When Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI) officers arrived at the scene, their efforts to investigate the pub and surrounding area were met with an impromptu riot. Rioting by youths, specifically attacking the police, forced them to pull back from the area, which delayed initial investigation. Police with riot gear arrived later in the evening, and were also attacked. Alex Maskey of Sinn Féin claimed, "It appears the PSNI is using last night's tragic stabbing incident as an excuse to disrupt life within this community, and the scale and approach of their operation is completely unacceptable and unjustifiable." There have been suggestions that the rioting was organised by those involved in the murder, so that a cleanup operation could take place in and around where the murder took place. Clothes worn by McCartney's attackers were burned, CCTV tapes were removed from the bar and destroyed and bar staff were threatened. No ambulance was called. McCartney and Devine were noticed by a police car on routine patrol, who called an ambulance to the scene.
When the police launched the murder investigation they were met with a "wall of silence"; none of the estimated seventy or so witnesses to the altercation came forward with information. In conversations with family members, seventy-one potential witnesses claimed to have been in the pub's toilets at the time of the attacks. As the toilet measures just four feet by three feet, this led to the toilets being dubbed the TARDIS, after the time machine in the television series Doctor Who, which is much bigger on the inside than on the outside.
Sinn Féin suspended twelve members of the party and the IRA expelled three members some weeks later.
Gerry Adams, then president of Sinn Féin, urged witnesses to come forward to "the family, a solicitor, or any other authoritative or reputable person or body". Adams continued, "I want to make it absolutely clear that no one involved acted as a republican or on behalf of republicans". He suspended twelve members of Sinn Féin. Adams stopped short of asking witnesses to contact the police directly. The usefulness of making witness statements to the victim's family or to a solicitor was derided by the McCartneys and by a prominent lawyer and SDLP politician, Alban Maginness, soon afterwards.
On 16 February 2005, the IRA issued a statement denying involvement in the murder and calling on the perpetrators to "take responsibility".
On 8 March 2005, the IRA issued an unprecedented statement saying that four people were directly involved in the murder, that the IRA knew their identity, that two were IRA volunteers, and that the IRA had made an offer to McCartney's family to shoot the people directly involved in the murder.
In May 2005, Sinn Féin lost its council seat in the Pottinger area, which covers the Short Strand, with the McCartney family attributing the loss to events surrounding the murder.
Since this time, the sisters of Robert McCartney have maintained an increasingly public campaign for justice, which saw Sinn Féin chief negotiator Martin McGuinness make a public statement that the sisters should be careful that they were not being manipulated for political ends.
The McCartney family travelled to the United States during the 2005 St Patrick's Day celebrations where they were met by US Senators (including Hillary Clinton and John McCain) and U.S. President George W. Bush who expressed support in their campaign for justice.
Support for Sinn Féin by some American politicians was diminished. Gerry Adams was not invited to the White House in 2005 and Senator Edward Kennedy backed out of a meeting that had been previously scheduled. The McCartney family, previously Sinn Féin supporters, pledged to never support Sinn Féin again, and a cousin of the sisters who raised funds for the political party in the United States has said that she would not be doing so in the future.
In December, the McCartney sisters met with UK Prime Minister Tony Blair, and told him they believed the murder had been ordered by a senior IRA member, and that Sinn Féin was still not doing all it could to help them.
In November 2005, the McCartney sisters and Bridgeen Hagans, the former partner of Robert McCartney, refused to accept the Outstanding Achievement award at The Women of the Year Awards, because it would have meant their sharing a platform with Margaret Thatcher, a hated figure in the Irish republican community.
On 31 January 2007, two years after the murder, and in line with the party's new policy of supporting civil policing, Sinn Féin president Gerry Adams said that anyone with information about the murder should go to the police.
On 5 May 2015, an IRA man believed[by whom?] to have been involved in the death of McCartney, Gerard 'Jock' Davison, was shot dead. Early in the investigation the police ruled out either a sectarian attack or the involvement of dissident republicans.
On 5 May 2005, Terence Davison and James McCormick were remanded in custody, charged with murdering McCartney and attempting to murder Devine respectively. McCormick is originally from England. They were held in the Republican wing of Maghaberry prison.
The trial of Terrence Davidson started on 22 May in Belfast Crown Court. Davidson was charged with murder, and with affray along with James McCormick and Joseph Gerard Emmanuel Fitzpatrick. Davidson was found not guilty by Mr Justice Gillen on 27 June 2008.
The McCartney family had lived in the Short Strand area of Belfast for five generations. However some local people in the Short Strand area, which is a largely Nationalist area, did not welcome their dispute with the IRA. A campaign of intimidation by Republicans drove members of the family and Robert's former fiancée, to relocate and has also caused one member to close her business in the city centre. Intimidation was continuing as of 2008[update]. The last McCartney sister to leave the area (Paula) departed Short Strand on 26 October 2005.
- Internal Security Unit
- List of unsolved murders in the United Kingdom
- Murder of Thomas Oliver
- Murder of Andrew Kearney
- Murder of Paul Quinn
- Murder of Joseph Rafferty
- Breen, Suzanne (13 February 2005). "'I voted Sinn Féin but I'd vote DUP before I'd support Sinn Féin again'". Sunday Tribune. Retrieved 5 October 2008.[dead link]
- "Arrest after stabbing victim dies". BBC News. 31 January 2005. Retrieved 13 January 2008.
- Staff (5 May 2015). "Belfast murder: Who was ex-IRA man 'Jock' Davison?". BBC News. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
- Burns, John; Clarke, Liam (28 June 2008). "Robert McCartney judge alarm at IRA role: He tells of concern over terrorist group's visits to witnesses". London: The Times. Retrieved 5 October 2008.(subscription required)
- Sharrock, David (9 March 2005). "New arrest in Robert McCartney murder case". London: The Times. Retrieved 5 October 2008.
- "President Bush Meets with the McCartney Sisters, Shuns Sinn Fein". PBS NewsHour. 17 March 2005. Retrieved 5 October 2008.
- Mick Fealty (9 July 2008). "Justice undone: Why is Northern Ireland's human rights lobby so indifferent to the collapse of the Robert McCartney murder trial?". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 12 April 2015.
- James Button (11 March 2005). "IRA still intimidating witnesses, family says". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 5 October 2008.
- McMahon, Victoria (29 June 2008). "71 People Said They Where [Sic] in this Toilet When Robert Was Stabbed". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 5 October 2008.
- Chrisafis, Angelique (28 February 2005). "How pub brawl turned into republican crisis". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 13 January 2008.
- Fatogun, Bimpe (27 January 2006). "'We can't let it go – not what happened to Robert'". Reprint from The Irish News. Nuzhound. Retrieved 5 October 2008.
- "Northern Ireland | Adams in appeal to catch killers". BBC News. 14 February 2005. Retrieved 5 May 2009.
- Maginness Agrees With Mccartney Family After Us Consul Meeting[dead link]
- "Irish Republican Army (IRA) statement about the killing of Robert McCartney". Conflict Archive on the Internet. 16 February 2005. Retrieved 5 May 2009.
- "Full text of IRA statement | Guardian Unlimited". The Guardian. London. 8 March 2005. Retrieved 12 April 2015.
- "Murder 'lost' seat for Sinn Fein". BBC News. 10 May 2005. Retrieved 17 July 2009.
- "Party politics warning to sisters". BBC News. 14 March 2005. Retrieved 12 April 2015.
- "Northern Ireland | Family encouraged by Bush talks". BBC News. 17 March 2005. Retrieved 5 May 2009.
- McDonald, Henry (13 February 2005). "Grieving sisters square up to IRA". The Observer. London. Retrieved 5 October 2008.
- "Northern Ireland | McCartney 'killer plans US move'". BBC News. 22 December 2005. Retrieved 5 May 2009.
- Chrisifis, Angelique (4 November 2005). "McCartney sisters refuse award because of Thatcher". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
- "Northern Ireland | Adams backs PSNI McCartney probe". BBC News. 31 January 2007. Retrieved 5 May 2009.
- Belfast shooting: Ex-IRA man Gerard 'Jock' Davison shot dead
- "Northern Ireland | Two remanded in McCartney killing". BBC News. 4 June 2005. Retrieved 5 May 2009.
- Cullen, Kevin (25 August 2005). "For 6 Belfast women, IRA battle isn't over". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 5 May 2009.
- "Northern Ireland | McCartney accused freed on bail". BBC News. 2 September 2005. Retrieved 5 May 2009.
- "Northern Ireland | Attempted murder charge dropped". BBC News. 30 June 2006. Retrieved 12 April 2015.
- "Accused 'seen killing McCartney". BBC News. 22 May 2008. Retrieved 12 April 2015.
- Colm Heatley; Harry McGee (15 September 2005). "McCartney family call for an end to intimidation". Irish Examiner. Retrieved 5 October 2008.[permanent dead link]
- Kevin Sullivan (15 September 2005). "For IRA Critics, No Peace in Belfast: Family, Friends of Slain Catholic Face Campaign of Intimidation". The Washington Post. Retrieved 5 October 2008.
- Peterkin, Tom (30 January 2008). "Robert McCartney's family still suffering". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 5 October 2008.
- Chrisifis, Angelique (15 September 2005). "Pickets at McCartney home after police report". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
- BBC News reports
- "Arrest after stabbing victim dies". 31 January 2005.
- "Murder probe police are attacked". 1 February 2005.
- "Adams in appeal to catch killers". 14 February 2005.
- "Appeal to Sinn Fein over killers". 16 February 2005.
- "Family welcomes IRA death stance". 17 February 2005.
- "Sister moves house after killing". 21 October 2005.
- Other reports
- Angelique Chrisafis (9 February 2005). "Brutal killing turns republicans against IRA". The Guardian.
- "Grieving sisters square up\ to IRA". The Observer. 12 February 2005.
- The Blanket: Article by a Republican on the reaction to the murder
- Eamonn McCann: Article by a socialist on the reaction to the murder