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Murder of Tori Stafford

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Tori Stafford
Victoria Elizabeth Marie Stafford[1]

(2000-07-15)July 15, 2000[1]
DisappearedApril 8, 2009
DiedApril 8, 2009(2009-04-08) (aged 8)
Cause of deathMurder by blunt trauma
Body discoveredJuly 19, 2009
Mount Forest, Ontario

Victoria Elizabeth Marie "Tori" Stafford (July 15, 2000 – April 8, 2009) was a Canadian girl who was abducted, raped, and murdered by Michael Rafferty and Terri-Lynne McClintic. Her body was found three months later in a wooded area in rural Ontario. The subsequent investigation and search were the subject of massive media coverage across Canada.[2]

The police response to the situation as it developed, as well as their failure to announce an AMBER alert was criticized by the public, and has been the focus of a review of the AMBER alert system in Canada. The circumstances of her death were unknown to the public until a publication ban was lifted in December 2010.

Abduction, murder, and investigation[edit]

At about 3:30 p.m. on April 8, 2009, Stafford left Oliver Stephens Public School to go home,[3] and was captured on security camera at 3:32 p.m. being led down Fyfe Avenue, Woodstock, by a woman.[4] When she failed to return home, she was reported missing by her mother at 6:04 p.m.[5]

Suspicion initially rested on Stafford's mother, Tara McDonald, as she had waited two hours to report her daughter missing, even though her walk home from school was only a few blocks. She had been trying to look for her daughter at friends houses and relatives houses but did not find her. At around 6:00pm, Tara went to police for help and filed Tori as being a missing person. McDonald was suspected of being the woman in the security footage, which McClintic later confessed to.[5] In an interrogation, McClintic told investigators she lured Stafford to a vehicle with promises of showing her a puppy.

Five days after Stafford's disappearance, police called off the ground search, and her classmates returned to school the next day.[6] The case was featured in the April 25, 2009, episode of America's Most Wanted.[7] The initial investigation was led by the local police, and was later turned into a joint investigation with the Ontario Provincial Police, switching from a missing person investigation to an abduction case.[6]

On May 20, 2009, police charged Michael Thomas Christopher Stephen Rafferty, 28, with first-degree murder and Terri-Lynne McClintic, 18, with being an accessory to murder (in addition to lesser charges) in the abduction and suspected murder of Stafford.[8] Ontario Provincial Police indicated that Stafford's mother was familiar with McClintic.[9] McClintic assisted the police search for the remains of Stafford after her arrest, and her lawyer stated that her client, "wants Tori's family to know she is trying hard to find her body".[10]

On May 28, 2009, McClintic's charges were altered to a first-degree murder charge and an unlawful confinement charge, and it was announced that the accused would be tried separately.[11]

On July 21, 2009, police confirmed that remains found near Mount Forest two days earlier by Detective-Sergeant Jim Smyth[12] were those of Stafford.[13] Stafford's body was naked from the waist down, wearing only a Hannah Montana T-shirt and a pair of butterfly earrings that she had borrowed from her mother; it was subsequently confirmed that she had both of those on at the time of her disappearance. Her lower half was significantly decomposed.[14] During an autopsy, it was determined that she had suffered a beating which caused lacerations to her liver and 16 broken ribs, and her eventual death was the result of repeated blows to the head with a claw hammer.[15]


McClintic was scheduled to make an appearance in court on April 30, 2010, but a publication ban was imposed by the judge on the events of the day.[16] The publication ban was lifted on December 9, 2010, revealing that McClintic had pleaded guilty to first-degree murder.[17] McClintic was sentenced to life in prison with no chance of parole for 25 years and was held at the Grand Valley Institution for Women in Kitchener, Ontario.[18]

On March 5, 2012, Rafferty's trial for the kidnapping, sexual assault, and first-degree murder of Stafford commenced. On May 11, 2012, at 9:18 p.m. ET, the jury found Rafferty guilty on all charges. Four days later, he too was sentenced to life in prison with no chance of parole for 25 years.[19]

Claiming that the "judge's instructions to the jury were flawed", Rafferty appealed his conviction to the Court of Appeal for Ontario on July 26, 2012. The 30-day deadline to appeal had passed by the time the papers were received, but this was attributed to his "inability to use the telephone to contact legal counsel,"[20][21][22] and an extension was requested. Rafferty's appeal papers appear to have been filed from Kingston Penitentiary.[22] An extension to his appeal was granted.

On June 10, 2013, Rafferty appeared by video in a bid for his appeal. He was turned down for Legal Aid for his appeal process. On August 12, Rafferty had his court date postponed until September 10, 2013. The appeal was set in motion in December 2013, but as of January 20, 2016, no materials had been filed.[23] On October 24, 2016, Rafferty appeared at his appeal hearing at Osgoode Hall in Toronto. The appeal was quickly dismissed the same day.[24]


In October 2018,[25] McClintic was controversially moved to the Okimaw Ohci Healing Lodge in Saskatchewan, run by the Correctional Service of Canada. She was granted the move because she self-identified as an Indigenous person, but whether she is actually Indigenous has not been confirmed and has been disputed by a family member.[26] The lodge, a minimum/medium-security prison, is unfenced but monitored 24 hours a day with video cameras.

The Conservative MP Candice Bergen introduced a motion in Parliament to condemn and overturn the decision. The motion generated a day's acrimonious debate and was defeated 200–82, with all Liberal MPs voting against it. Under increasing public pressure, Minister of Public Safety Ralph Goodale issued an order for Correctional Service Canada to review the decision and the general policy.[25] On November 7, Goodale announced that McClintic would be returned to a federal prison, and regulations for transferring long-term prisoners to healing lodges would be made stricter.[27] She was transferred to the multi-level Edmonton Institution for Women.[28]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Victoria Elizabeth Marie Stafford – ObitTree". Retrieved 2016-07-26.
  2. ^ Murphy, Rex (May 21, 2009). "Canada Mourns Tori". The National. Archived from the original (WMV) on 2009-05-28. Retrieved 2016-07-26.
  3. ^ "'I believe Victoria was targeted': Stafford's father". May 26, 2009. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
  4. ^ "Police release composite sketch of woman sought in Stafford abduction". canada.com. April 22, 2009. Archived from the original on April 24, 2009. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
  5. ^ a b Nguyen, Linda (May 10, 2012). "Victoria Stafford trial: Michael Rafferty was not the first to raise police suspicions". Ottawa Citizen. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Postmedia Network. Archived from the original on October 4, 2018. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
  6. ^ a b "Timeline: Victoria 'Tori' Stafford murder - Toronto". Global News. Dec 2, 2013. Retrieved Nov 17, 2019.
  7. ^ "Victoria Stafford Disappearance Featured On America's Most Wanted". CityNews. 2009-04-25. Retrieved 2016-07-26.
  8. ^ Susan Clairmont (2009-05-21). "A murder, two accused, but no body". Hamilton Spectator. Archived from the original on January 16, 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-17.
  9. ^ "Tori Stafford's mother knew 1 of 2 suspects arrested in her killing". CBC. May 20, 2009.
  10. ^ "Mother of Tori Stafford doesn't think suspect can help police". CBC. May 22, 2009. Archived from the original on May 27, 2009. Retrieved December 26, 2020.
  11. ^ "1st-degree murder charge laid against McClintic in Victoria Stafford killing Accused to be tried separately; Rafferty's lawyer hints at deal for McClintic". CBC News. 2009-05-28. Retrieved 2009-05-28.
  12. ^ Blatchford, Christie (2012-03-30). "Christie Blatchford: A sketch and a hunch led Jim Smyth to find Tori Stafford's body". National Post. Retrieved 2021-10-30.
  13. ^ "OPP confirm they have found Victoria Stafford". 21 July 2009. Retrieved 2016-07-26.
  14. ^ Aulakh, Raveena (April 3, 2012). "Tori Stafford's body too badly decomposed to determine 'sexual interference' (updated)". London Community News. London, Ontario. Retrieved 2016-08-09.
  15. ^ Appleby, Timothy; Morrow, Adrian (March 13, 2012). "Court in tears as McClintic says she inflicted fatal blows to Tori Stafford". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved January 3, 2021.
  16. ^ Daubs, Katie (May 1, 2010). "NDP justice critic slams publication ban on Tori Stafford case". Toronto Star. Retrieved 2010-05-17.
  17. ^ "Top court allows media to reveal Stafford case plea". CTV News. December 9, 2010. Archived from the original on June 18, 2012. Retrieved January 3, 2021.
  18. ^ Flanagan, Ryan (2017-09-26). "Life in prison: Behind the barbed wire at Grand Valley Institution". CTV News. Retrieved 2018-09-21.
  19. ^ Connolly, Amanda (Dec 10, 2018). "Michael Rafferty, co-killer in Tori Stafford murder, moved from maximum to medium security facility". Global News. Retrieved January 3, 2021.
  20. ^ "Michael Rafferty appealing conviction in Tori Stafford murder case". National Post. 2012-08-02. Archived from the original on August 3, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-02.
  21. ^ Aulakh, Raveena (August 2, 2012). "Michael Rafferty appeals conviction in Tori Stafford murder". Toronto Star. Retrieved January 3, 2021.
  22. ^ a b "Michael Rafferty appeals Tori Stafford murder conviction". CBC News. 2012-08-02. Retrieved 2012-08-02.
  23. ^ Richmond, Randy (January 20, 2016). "Child killer Michael Rafferty's slow-mo appeal raises eyebrows". The London Free Press.
  24. ^ Richmond, Randy (October 24, 2016). "Parents of slain Woodstock girl relieved after appeal by killer dismissed". The London Free Press.
  25. ^ a b Harris, Kathleen (2018-10-03). "After heated debate, hurled insults, Tory motion to overturn child-killer's transfer to healing lodge defeated". CBC News. Archived from the original on 2018-10-04. Retrieved 2018-10-04.
  26. ^ Connolly, Amanda (2018-09-27). "Corrections official stands by decision to transfer McClintic to healing lodge". Global News. Archived from the original on 2018-09-28. Retrieved 2018-09-28.
  27. ^ Richmond, Randy (2018-11-08). "After public outcry, Liberals to return child killer McClintic to prison and toughen transfer rules". National Post. Retrieved 2018-11-08.
  28. ^ Harris, Kathleen (2018-11-08). "Child killer Terri-Lynne McClintic transferred from healing lodge to Edmonton prison". CBC News. Retrieved 2018-11-08.

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