List of countries by intentional homicide rate

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List of countries by intentional homicide rate per year per 100,000 inhabitants. The reliability of underlying national murder rate data may vary.[1] The legal definition of "intentional homicide" differs among countries. Intentional homicide may or may not include infanticide, assisted suicide or euthanasia.[2]

Intentional homicide demographics are affected by changes in trauma care, leading to changed lethality of violent assaults, so the intentional homicide rate may not necessarily indicate the overall level of societal violence.[2] They may also be under-reported for political reasons.[3][4] Another problem for the comparability of the following figures is that some data may include attempts. In general the values in these lists should not include failed attempts except when mentioned otherwise.

A study undertaken by the Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development estimated that there were approximately 490,000 intentional homicides in 2004. The study estimated that the global rate was 7.6 intentional homicides per 100,000 inhabitants for 2004.[5] UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime) reported a global average intentional homicide rate of 6.2 per 100,000 population for 2012 (in their report titled "Global Study on Homicide 2013").[6][7] UNODC calculated a rate of 6.9 in 2010.[8]

Homicide rate per 100,000 inhabitants in 2012.
  0–1   1–2   2–5   5–10   10–20   >20

UNODC's global study[edit]

Note: Please update the UNODC tables only with UNODC data.

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has a site called Global Study on Homicide. All data in this section comes from reports on that site.[6] Latest year for each country is indicated in the table below. Rates are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants.

Intentional homicide, as defined by UNODC, is "unlawful death purposefully inflicted on a person by another person".[6]

By region[edit]

UNODC murder rates, most recent year[6]
Region Rate Count
  Americas 16.3 157,000
  Africa 12.5 135,000
  World 6.2 437,000
  Europe 3.0 22,000
  Oceania 3.0 1,100
  Asia 2.9 122,000

The UNODC report has bar charts and timeline graphs of homicide rates for subregions. But the report does not list exact rate numbers. Subregion counts are not found in the report, but may be calculated by manually totaling the counts for each country in a subregion.[6]

By country[edit]

Note. Please do not add data from other sources. Only data from the UNODC source is used for this main table.[6] And do not add references within the table itself. This breaks row alignment between the column of row numbers on the left, and the rest of the table. See Help:Sorting for info on row numbering.

There is a total count of homicides for each country, and the rate per 100,000 population per year.

Click on the sorting cell below the rate column in order to sort countries by homicide rate. The row number column on the left is static and its order does not change. It is useful for ranking countries by homicide rate.

Click on the sorting cell below the country column to sort alphabetically.

The initial order of the countries is alphabetical within subregion. Subregions are initially in alphabetical order within regions. Reload the page to return to that initial subregion order. Click sorting buttons to sort alphabetically or numerically. Can sort in ascending or descending order. Since the source is a UNODC report the regions are based on the United Nations geoscheme. See the map to the right.

For the full table with more info and multiple years see the UNODC source.

This chart does not use the very latest data due to differences in how intentional homicide is defined and calculated for each country. In order to have more consistent, continuous, and reliable oversight only the latest UNODC sourcing is used for this section on countries.

Note: x (in the count column, mainly in the Oceania section) – From UNODC source:[6] "due to small population size the estimated count is less than 2".
"Notes" column links to notes section just below the chart. It has additional info about wars, mass murders, etc..




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UNODC murder rates. Most recent year
Country (or dependent territory,
subnational area, etc.)
Rate Count Region Subregion Year
listed
Notes

Burundi 4.0 436 Africa Eastern Africa 2014
Comoros 8.0 57 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
Djibouti 7.0 60 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
Eritrea 7.8 474 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
Ethiopia 8.1 7,334 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
Kenya 5.9 2,649 Africa Eastern Africa 2014
Madagascar 0.6 130 Africa Eastern Africa 2010
Malawi 1.8 279 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
Mauritius 2.7 34 Africa Eastern Africa 2011
Mayotte (France) 6.0 12 Africa Eastern Africa 2009
Mozambique 3.7 875 Africa Eastern Africa 2010
Réunion (France) 1.8 15 Africa Eastern Africa 2009
Rwanda 4.6 500 Africa Eastern Africa 2010
Seychelles 2.2 2 Africa Eastern Africa 2010
Somalia 5.6 560 Africa Eastern Africa 2012 notes
South Sudan 14.4 1,504 Africa Eastern Africa 2012 notes
Uganda 11.8 4,473 Africa Eastern Africa 2014
Tanzania 8.2 3,831 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
Zambia 6.2 814 Africa Eastern Africa 2010
Zimbabwe 7.5 981 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
Angola 10.8 2,232 Africa Middle Africa 2012
Cameroon 2.8 595 Africa Middle Africa 2012
Central African Republic 13.6 610 Africa Middle Africa 2012 notes
Chad 9.4 1,168 Africa Middle Africa 2012
Congo 10.5 450 Africa Middle Africa 2012
Democratic Republic of the Congo 13.5 8,755 Africa Middle Africa 2012
Equatorial Guinea 3.6 26 Africa Middle Africa 2012
Gabon 9.4 152 Africa Middle Africa 2012
Sao Tome and Principe 3.3 6 Africa Middle Africa 2011
Algeria 1.5 577 Africa Northern Africa 2014
Egypt 3.4 2,703 Africa Northern Africa 2011
Libya 2.5 157 Africa Northern Africa 2012 notes
Morocco 1.0 355 Africa Northern Africa 2013
Sudan 6.5 2,435 Africa Northern Africa 2012 notes
Tunisia 3.1 332 Africa Northern Africa 2012
Botswana 15.4 303 Africa Southern Africa 2010
Lesotho 38.0 764 Africa Southern Africa 2010
Namibia 17.2 388 Africa Southern Africa 2012
South Africa 33.0 17,805 Africa Southern Africa 2014
Swaziland 17.4 208 Africa Southern Africa 2010
Benin 6.3 633 Africa Western Africa 2012
Burkina Faso 0.7 117 Africa Western Africa 2012
Cape Verde 10.6 54 Africa Western Africa 2013
Ivory Coast 12.4 2,412 Africa Western Africa 2012
Gambia 9.6 169 Africa Western Africa 2012
Ghana 1.7 423 Africa Western Africa 2011
Guinea 9.0 1,008 Africa Western Africa 2012
Guinea-Bissau 10.3 169 Africa Western Africa 2012
Liberia 3.3 135 Africa Western Africa 2012
Mali 11.2 1,640 Africa Western Africa 2012
Mauritania 11.4 430 Africa Western Africa 2012
Niger 4.7 788 Africa Western Africa 2012
Nigeria 10.3 17,059 Africa Western Africa 2012
Senegal 8.1 1,087 Africa Western Africa 2012
Sierra Leone 1.8 113 Africa Western Africa 2012
Togo 9.4 618 Africa Western Africa 2012
Anguilla (UK) 7.5 1 Americas Caribbean 2012
Antigua and Barbuda 11.2 10 Americas Caribbean 2012
Aruba (Netherlands) 3.9 4 Americas Caribbean 2010
Bahamas 29.8 111 Americas Caribbean 2012
Barbados 8.8 25 Americas Caribbean 2014
British Virgin Islands (UK) 8.4 2 Americas Caribbean 2006
Cayman Islands (UK) 14.7 8 Americas Caribbean 2009
Cuba 4.2 477 Americas Caribbean 2012
Dominica 21.1 15 Americas Caribbean 2010
Dominican Republic 17.4 1,810 Americas Caribbean 2014
Grenada 7.5 8 Americas Caribbean 2014
Guadeloupe (France) 7.9 36 Americas Caribbean 2009
Haiti 10.2 1,033 Americas Caribbean 2012
Jamaica 36.1 1,005 Americas Caribbean 2012
Martinique (France) 2.7 11 Americas Caribbean 2009
Montserrat (UK) 20.4 1 Americas Caribbean 2008
Puerto Rico (US) 18.5 681 Americas Caribbean 2014
Saint Kitts and Nevis 33.6 18 Americas Caribbean 2012
Saint Lucia 21.6 39 Americas Caribbean 2012
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 25.6 28 Americas Caribbean 2012
Trinidad and Tobago 25.9 351 Americas Caribbean 2012
Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) 6.6 2 Americas Caribbean 2009
United States Virgin Islands (US) 52.6 56 Americas Caribbean 2010
Belize 34.4 121 Americas Central America 2014
Costa Rica 10.0 477 Americas Central America 2014
El Salvador 64.2 3,921 Americas Central America 2014
Guatemala 31.2 4,998 Americas Central America 2014
Honduras 84.6 5,936 Americas Central America 2014
Mexico 15.7 19,669 Americas Central America 2013 notes
Nicaragua 11.3 675 Americas Central America 2012
Panama 17.2 663 Americas Central America 2013
Bermuda (UK) 7.7 5 Americas Northern America 2012
Canada 1.4 505 Americas Northern America 2013
Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) 16.5 1 Americas Northern America 2009
United States 3.9 12,253 Americas Northern America 2013
Argentina 7.6 3,269 Americas South America 2014
Bolivia 12.1 1,270 Americas South America 2012
Brazil 24.6 50,674 Americas South America 2014
Chile 3.6 638 Americas South America 2014
Colombia 27.9 13,343 Americas South America 2014 notes
Ecuador 8.2 1,309 Americas South America 2014
French Guiana (France) 13.3 30 Americas South America 2009
Guyana 17.0 135 Americas South America 2012
Paraguay 8.8 578 Americas South America 2014
Peru 6.7 2,076 Americas South America 2014
Suriname 6.1 33 Americas South America 2012
Uruguay 7.8 267 Americas South America 2014
Venezuela 62.0 19,030 Americas South America 2014
Kazakhstan 7.8 1,263 Asia Central Asia 2012
Kyrgyzstan 3.71 216 Asia Central Asia 2014
Tajikistan 1.6 126 Asia Central Asia 2011
Turkmenistan 12.8 660 Asia Central Asia 2012
Uzbekistan 3.7 1,060 Asia Central Asia 2012
China 0.8 11,286 Asia Eastern Asia 2012 notes
Hong Kong 0.9 62 Asia Eastern Asia 2013
Macao 1.0 6 Asia Eastern Asia 2014
North Korea 5.2 1,293 Asia Eastern Asia 2012
Japan 0.3 395 Asia Eastern Asia 2011
Mongolia 7.5 218 Asia Eastern Asia 2014
South Korea 0.7 392 Asia Eastern Asia 2014
Taiwan 3.0 686 Asia Eastern Asia 2011
Brunei 2.0 8 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2012
Cambodia 6.5 964 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2012
Indonesia 0.5 1,277 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2014
Laos 5.9 392 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2012
Malaysia 2.3 652 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2012
Myanmar 15.2 8,044 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2012
Philippines 9.9 9,797 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2014
Singapore 0.3 14 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2014
Thailand 3.9 2,649 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2014
Timor-Leste 3.6 39 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2010
Vietnam 3.3 3,037 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2012
Afghanistan 6.5 1,948 Asia Southern Asia 2012 notes
Bangladesh 2.8 4,514 Asia Southern Asia 2014
Bhutan 2.7 21 Asia Southern Asia 2014
India 3.2 41,623 Asia Southern Asia 2014
Iran 3.9 3,126 Asia Southern Asia 2012
Maldives 3.9 13 Asia Southern Asia 2012
Nepal 2.9 786 Asia Southern Asia 2011
Pakistan 7.7 13,846 Asia Southern Asia 2012 notes
Sri Lanka 3.4 707 Asia Southern Asia 2011
Armenia 1.8 54 Asia Western Asia 2012
Azerbaijan 2.5 236 Asia Western Asia 2014
Bahrain 0.5 7 Asia Western Asia 2011
Cyprus 1.1 11 Asia Western Asia 2014
Georgia 2.7 108 Asia Western Asia 2014
Iraq 8.0 2,628 Asia Western Asia 2012 notes
Israel 1.7 134 Asia Western Asia 2012 notes
Jordan 2.0 133 Asia Western Asia 2011
Kuwait 0.4 12 Asia Western Asia 2012
Lebanon 4.3 240 Asia Western Asia 2010
Palestine 7.4 312 Asia Western Asia 2012 notes
Oman 1.1 34 Asia Western Asia 2011
Qatar 1.1 23 Asia Western Asia 2012
Saudi Arabia 0.8 234 Asia Western Asia 2012
Syria 2.2 463 Asia Western Asia 2010 notes
Turkey 4.3 3,216 Asia Western Asia 2012
United Arab Emirates 0.7 61 Asia Western Asia 2014
Yemen 4.8 1,099 Asia Western Asia 2010
Belarus 3.6 340 Europe Eastern Europe 2014
Bulgaria 1.6 116 Europe Eastern Europe 2014
Czech Republic 0.7 69 Europe Eastern Europe 2014
Hungary 1.5 146 Europe Eastern Europe 2014
Poland 0.7 283 Europe Eastern Europe 2014
Moldova 3.2 130 Europe Eastern Europe 2014
Romania 1.5 298 Europe Eastern Europe 2014
Russia 9.5 13,681 Europe Eastern Europe 2013
Slovakia 1.1 58 Europe Eastern Europe 2014
Ukraine 4.3 1,988 Europe Eastern Europe 2010
Denmark 1.0 58 Europe Northern Europe 2014
Estonia 3.1 41 Europe Northern Europe 2014
Finland 1.6 89 Europe Northern Europe 2014
Greenland (Denmark) 1.8 1 Americas Northern America 2011
Iceland 0.3 1 Europe Northern Europe 2013
Ireland, Republic of 1.1 52 Europe Northern Europe 2014
Latvia 3.9 77 Europe Northern Europe 2014
Lithuania 5.5 159 Europe Northern Europe 2014
Norway 0.6 29 Europe Northern Europe 2014
Sweden 0.9 87 Europe Northern Europe 2014
United Kingdom 0.9 602 Europe Northern Europe 2013
Albania 4.0 117 Europe Southern Europe 2014
Andorra 0.0 0 Europe Southern Europe 2014
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.3 50 Europe Southern Europe 2014
Croatia 0.8 36 Europe Southern Europe 2014
Greece 1.1 107 Europe Southern Europe 2014
Italy 0.8 475 Europe Southern Europe 2014
Kosovo 2.2 41 Europe Southern Europe 2013
Malta 1.4 6 Europe Southern Europe 2014
Montenegro 3.2 20 Europe Southern Europe 2014
Portugal 0.9 92 Europe Southern Europe 2014
San Marino 0.0 0 Europe Southern Europe 2011
Serbia 1.3 118 Europe Southern Europe 2014
Slovenia 0.7 15 Europe Southern Europe 2014
Spain 0.7 324 Europe Southern Europe 2014
Macedonia 1.6 33 Europe Southern Europe 2014
Austria 0.5 40 Europe Western Europe 2014
Belgium 1.8 202 Europe Western Europe 2014
France 1.2 792 Europe Western Europe 2014
Germany 0.9 716 Europe Western Europe 2014
Liechtenstein 2.7 1 Europe Western Europe 2014
Luxembourg 0.7 4 Europe Western Europe 2014
Monaco 0.0 0 Europe Western Europe 2008
Netherlands 0.7 125 Europe Western Europe 2013
Switzerland 0.5 41 Europe Western Europe 2014
Australia 1.0 238 Oceania Australasia 2014
New Zealand 0.9 41 Oceania Australasia 2014
Fiji 4.0 35 Oceania Melanesia 2012
New Caledonia (France) 3.3 8 Oceania Melanesia 2009
Papua New Guinea 10.4 713 Oceania Melanesia 2010
Solomon Islands 4.3 24 Oceania Melanesia 2012
Vanuatu 2.9 7 Oceania Melanesia 2012
Guam (US) 2.5 4 Oceania Micronesia 2011
Kiribati 8.2 8 Oceania Micronesia 2011
Micronesia, Federated States of 4.6 5 Oceania Micronesia 2012
Nauru 1.3 x Oceania Micronesia 2012
Palau 3.1 x Oceania Micronesia 2012
Cook Islands 3.1 x Oceania Polynesia 2012
French Polynesia (France) 0.4 1 Oceania Polynesia 2009
Niue 3.6 x Oceania Polynesia 2012
Samoa 3.6 7 Oceania Polynesia 2012
Tonga 1.0 1 Oceania Polynesia 2012
Tuvalu 4.2 x Oceania Polynesia 2012

Notes[edit]

Return to top of main table.

Country subdivisions[edit]

Rates. Click the "show" links next to the country names at the top left of each chart. The references are linked from the sources column.

Australia[edit]

Canada[edit]

Mexico[edit]

United States[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Richards, Patsy (27 May 1999). "Homicide statistics, research paper 99/56" (PDF). London, UK: House of Commons of the United Kingdom library, Social and general statistics section.  See page 7 for section called "Definition of the offence of homicide". See page 29 for table of nations and homicide rates for the years 1994-97. It also has further info on how homicide is defined across countries.
  2. ^ a b Harris, Anthony R.; Stephen H. Thomas; Gene A. Fisher; David J. Hirsch (May 2002). "Murder and medicine: the lethality of criminal assault 1960–1999" (fee required). Homicide studies. 6 (2): 128–166. doi:10.1177/1088767902006002003. 
  3. ^ Fry, Don. Believing the news. ISBN 978-0-935742-11-4. 
  4. ^ Vizzard, William J. Shots in the dark. ISBN 978-0-8476-9560-7. 
  5. ^ Global Burden of Armed Violence Report (PDF) (report). Geneva, Switzerland: Geneva Declaration Secretariat. September 2008. pp. 67ff. ISBN 978-2-8288-0101-4. data from 2004-2007 . The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Global Study on Homicide 2013 (PDF full report). Published in April 2014, by United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). See home page for Global Study on Homicide. It will link to latest version. See 10 April 2014 press release. See full report, and its methodological annex (pages 109ff) and statistical annex (pages 121ff) at the end of it. The statistical annex has detailed charts for homicide counts and rates by country with data from 2000–2012. Use the "rotate view" command in your PDF reader. Map 7.2 on page 112 is a world map showing the latest year available for homicide count for each country or territory. Page 21 states estimated total homicides of 437,000 worldwide. Figures 1.1 and 1.2 (pages 21 and 22) have exact rates and counts by regions. Figure 1.3 on page 23 is a bar chart of homicide rates for the subregions. Figure 1.16 on page 34 shows timeline graphs by subregion. UNODC Statistics Online has updated numbers, with some 2013 and 2014 data. See the homicide submenu of the Crime and Criminal Justice menu. Click on "Homicide counts and rates". Choose region or the whole world. Download the PDF or Excel files. Or run the report in your browser. Check the box to open in a new tab so that the table is created without the intrusive sidebar. It takes awhile to load, and there may be no indicator at first. Save the page to save future loading time. At the bottom of all is this: "Note: data were updated on 18 May 2016 and supersede data published in the Global Study on Homicide 2013".
  7. ^ Intentional homicide count and rate per 100,000 population, by country/territory (2000-2012). Data (in spreadsheet format) for UNODC report titled "Global Study on Homicide 2013". United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). Linked from Global Study on Homicide - Data: UNODC Homicide Statistics 2013
  8. ^ 2011 Global Study on Homicide: Trends, Contexts, Data. "data from 2010 or latest available year". United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). Vienna, Austria.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h Dearden, Jack; Jones, Warwick. Homicide in Australia: 2006-07 National Homicide Monitoring Program annual report (PDF) (Report). Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. p. 113. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h Homicide Statistics: 2011 Australian Government report (Report). Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. Retrieved 2016-02-15. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h Recorded Crime-Victims (PDF) (Report). Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2016-02-15. 
  12. ^ "Canada Summary Tables". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2016-02-15. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af "Mexican Crime Stats 2010" (PDF). RRS y Asociados, S.C. [dead link]
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af "Mexican Crime Stats 2011" (PDF). RRS y Asociados, S.C. [dead link]
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay "State-by-state and National Crime Estimates by Year(s)". Federal Bureau of Investigation. Retrieved 2016-02-15. 
  16. ^ "UNODC Homicide Statistics". Universidad de Puerto Rico. 
  17. ^ "Homicide Trends 2003–2008". UNODC. Retrieved 2016-02-15. 

External links[edit]