Murdoch McKenzie Wood

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Major Sir Murdoch McKenzie Wood OBE, DL (1881 – 11 October 1949) was a Scottish Liberal politician.

Background[edit]

He was the second son of James Wood of Cullen, Banffshire. He was educated at Edinburgh University. He was awarded the OBE in 1919. In 1924 he married Muriel Davis. He was a Deputy Lieutenant for Banffshire and was knighted in 1932.[1]

Professional career[edit]

He received a call to the bar by Gray's Inn in 1910. He was on the editorial staff of the Daily Mail. In World War I he served with the Gordon Highlanders and was severely wounded. He later served with the administrative staff of the Royal Air Force.[2]

Political career[edit]

He was the unsuccessful Liberal Party parliamentary candidate for the Unionist seat of Ayr Burghs in 1918 where the intervention of a Labour Party candidate prevented what would otherwise have been a rare gain for the Liberals;

General Election 1918: Ayr Burghs[3] Electorate 31,379
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Sir George Younger 9,565 49.1
Liberal Maj. Murdoch McKenzie Wood 5,410 27.7
Labour Campbell Stephen 4,534 23.2 n/a
Turnout 62.2
Majority 4,155 21.4
Unionist hold Swing

He entered Parliament as Liberal MP for Aberdeenshire Central at a by-election in April 1919. This was a notable gain for the opposition Liberals against a Unionist candidate supported by the Coalition Government;

Aberdeenshire and Kincardineshire Central by-election, 1919[4] Electorate 26,315
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Murdoch McKenzie Wood 4,950 37.5 −9.9
Unionist Leybourne Francis Watson Davidson 4,764 36.1 -16.5
Labour Joseph Forbes Duncan 3,482 26.4 +26.4
Majority 186 1.4 6.6
Turnout 50.1
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing +3.3

He was comfortably re-elected at the following general election;

General Election 1922: Aberdeenshire and Kincardineshire Central[5] Electorate 28,573
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Murdoch McKenzie Wood 9,779 60.1 +22.6
Unionist Robert Workman Smith 6,481 39.9 +3.8
Majority 3,298 20.2 +13.6
Turnout 16,260 56.9
Liberal hold Swing +6.8

Following re-union between Asquith and Lloyd George, he was comfortably re-elected at the next election;

General Election 1923: Aberdeenshire and Kincardineshire Central[6] Electorate 28,329
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Murdoch McKenzie Wood 9,818 53.6
Unionist Robert Workman Smith 8,507 46.4
Majority 1,311 7.2
Turnout 64.7
Liberal hold Swing

He served as the Scottish Liberal Whip from 1923–1924.[7] At the following general election, a Labour candidate intervened and split the anti-Unionist vote, which cost him his seat;

General Election 1924: Aberdeenshire and Kincardineshire Central[8] Electorate 28,658
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Sir Robert Workman Smith 9,130 44.4 -2.0
Liberal Murdoch McKenzie Wood 7,639 37.2
Labour J. Newman 3,791 18.4
Majority 1,491 7.2
Turnout 71.7 +7.0
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing

He switched to contest Banffshire for the United Kingdom general election, 1929. He comfortably re-gained a seat the Liberals had lost in 1924;

General Election 1929: Banffshire[9] Electorate 32,868
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Murdoch McKenzie Wood 9,278 44.3
Unionist William Paterson Templeton 6,720 32.0
Labour Alasdair Alpin MacGregor 4,982 23.7
Turnout 63.8
Majority 2,558 12.3
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing

In 1931, following the formation of the National Government, he was returned unopposed at the general election as a supporter of the new administration. He was an unpaid Assistant Government Whip from 1931–1932. When the Liberal party left the National Government he continued in the role of Scottish Liberal Whip from 1932–1934. In 1935 he was defeated at Banffshire;

General Election 1935: Banffshire[10] Electorate 32,518
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Sir John Edmund Ritchie Findlay 11,771 51.3 n/a
Liberal Sir Murdoch McKenzie Wood 11,168 48.7 n/a
Turnout 70.5 n/a
Majority 603 2.6 n/a
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing n/a

He did not stand for parliament again.[11]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 'WOOD, Major Sir Murdoch McKenzie', Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2007; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2012 ; online edn, Oct 2012 accessed 22 April 2014
  2. ^ 'WOOD, Major Sir Murdoch McKenzie', Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2007; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2012 ; online edn, Oct 2012 accessed 22 April 2014
  3. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1920
  4. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918–1949, Craig, F.W.S.
  5. ^ The Times, 17 November 1922
  6. ^ The Times, 8 December 1923
  7. ^ The Times House of Commons, 1929
  8. ^ Oliver and Boyd's Edinburgh Almanack, 1927
  9. ^ The Times, 1 June 1929
  10. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1939
  11. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918–1949, Craig, F.W.S.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Alexander Theodore Gordon
Member of Parliament for Aberdeenshire Central
19191924
Succeeded by
Robert Workman Smith
Preceded by
William Paterson Templeton
Member of Parliament for Banffshire
19291935
Succeeded by
John Edmund Ritchie Findlay