Mureș (river)

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Mureș/Maros
MuresRiver.750pix.jpg
The Mureș in Arad
Countries Romania, Hungary
Tributaries
 - left Târnava, Sebeș
 - right Arieș
Cities Arad, Târgu Mureș, Szeged
Source Carpathian Mountains
 - location Izvorul Mureșului, Harghita County, Romania
 - elevation 850 m (2,789 ft)
 - coordinates 46°36′55″N 25°37′2″E / 46.61528°N 25.61722°E / 46.61528; 25.61722
Mouth Tisza
 - location Szeged, Csongrád County, Hungary
 - elevation 75 m (246 ft)
 - coordinates 46°15′6″N 20°11′39″E / 46.25167°N 20.19417°E / 46.25167; 20.19417Coordinates: 46°15′6″N 20°11′39″E / 46.25167°N 20.19417°E / 46.25167; 20.19417
Length 789 km (490 mi)
Basin 30,332 km2 (11,711 sq mi)
Discharge for Makó
 - average 184 m3/s (6,498 cu ft/s)
Progression TiszaDanubeBlack Sea
Map of the Mureș basin
[1][2]

The Mureș (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈmureʃ]; Hungarian: Maros, Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈmɒroʃ]; Latin: Marisus; Serbian: Moriš; Serbian Cyrillic: Мориш; German: Mieresch, Marosch or Muresch; Turkish: Maroş or Muriş) is a 789-kilometre-long (490 mi) river in Eastern Europe. Its drainage basin covers an area of 30,332 km2 (11,711 sq mi).[2]:22 It originates in the Hășmașu Mare Range in the Eastern Carpathian Mountains, Romania, rising close to the headwaters of the Olt River, and joins the Tisza at Szeged in southeastern Hungary.

The Mureș River flows through the Romanian counties Harghita, Mureș, Alba, Hunedoara, Arad and Timiș, and the Hungarian county Csongrád. The largest cities on the Mureș/Maros are Târgu Mureș, Alba Iulia, Deva and Arad in Romania, and Szeged in Hungary.

The Mureș was known as the river Marisus in antiquity. It was also known in German as the Mieresch and Marosch owing to Transylvanian Saxon settlements and prior Austrian Habsburg rule. Salt used to be traded in medieval times on the river on large rafts.

The Hungarian reaches of the Mureș/Maros are 73 km (45 mi) long as the state border). Some 28.5 km² on the northern side of the river are protected as part of the Körös-Maros National Park. The Maros Floodplain Protected Area consists of gallery forests, floodplain meadows and 0.6 km² of forest reserve near Szeged.

Name[edit]

The river is known to be first mentioned by Herodotus in 484 BC bearing the name Maris.

It is also mentioned in 948 AD, in a document of the Byzantine Emperor Constantine, under the name Muresis (Mureios)[3]

Towns and villages[edit]

The following towns are situated along the river Mureș, from source to mouth: Toplița, Reghin, Târgu Mureș, Luduș, Ocna Mureș, Aiud, Teiuș, Alba Iulia, Geoagiu, Orăștie, Simeria, Deva, Lipova, Arad, Nădlac (all in Romania), Makó, Szeged (both in Hungary).

The Mureș flows through the following communes (grouped by counties, from source to mouth):

Tributaries[edit]

The following rivers are tributaries to the river Mureș:

Left: Cărbunele Negru, Senetea, Fierăstrăul, Șumuleul Mare, Borzontul Mare, Borzontul Mic, Bacta, Limbuș, Pârâul Pietrei, Eseniu, Martonca, Gălăuțaș, Măgheruș, Gudea, Sălard, Peșcoasa Mare, Iod, Borzia, Sebeș, Idicel, Deleni, Gurghiu, Beica, Habic, Petrilaca, Terebici, Pocloș, Niraj, Sărata, Șeulia, Ațântiș, Fărău, Ciunga, Șesul Băgăului, Rât, Târnava, Hăpria, Sebeș, Pianu, Cioara, Cugir, Vaidei, Romos, Orăștie, Turdaș, Strei, Tâmpa, Cerna, Herepeia, Căoi, Vulcez, Leșnic, Săcămaș, Plaiu, Dobra, Abucea, Ohaba, Sălciva, Peștiș, Somonița, Izvor, Suliniș, Pârâul Mare, Șiștarovăț, Sinicoț

Right: Voșlăbeni, Strâmba, Belcina, Lăzarea, Ditrău, Faier, Mogoș, Jolotca, Filipea, Sărmaș, Ciucic, Toplița, Călimănel, Mermezeu, Zebracu, Neagra, Ilva, Răstolița, Gălăoaia, Bistra, Râpa, Luț, Șar, Voiniceni, Cuieșd, Lechința, Pârâul de Câmpie, Arieș, Unirea, Ciugud, Ormeniș, Mirăslău, Lopadea, Aiud, Gârbova, Geoagiu, Galda, Ampoi, Pâclișa, Vinț, Blandiana, Băcăinți, Homorod, Geoagiu, Boiu, Bobâlna, Lazu, Vărmaga, Certej, Boholt, Căian, Boz, Sârbi, Băcișoara, Gurasada, Zam, Almaș, Petriș, Troaș, Vinești, Stejar, Julița, Grosul, Monoroștia, Bârzava, Nadăș, Conop, Cornic, Milova, Șoimoș, Radna, Cladova, Száraz-ér

Images[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Administrația Națională Apelor Române - Cadastrul Apelor - București
  • Institutul de Meteorologie și Hidrologie - Rîurile României - București 1971
  • Trasee turistice - județul Mureș [1]