Murghob

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Murghob
Murghab east entry.jpg
Murghob is located in Tajikistan
Murghob
Murghob
Location in Tajikistan
Coordinates: 38°10′08″N 73°57′54″E / 38.16889°N 73.96500°E / 38.16889; 73.96500Coordinates: 38°10′08″N 73°57′54″E / 38.16889°N 73.96500°E / 38.16889; 73.96500
CountryFlag of Tajikistan.svg Tajikistan
RegionGorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region
DistrictMurghob District
Elevation
3,618 m (11,869 ft)
Population
 (2015)
 • Total7,468
Time zoneUTC+5
Children group, Murghab, Tajikistan.JPG

Murghob (Tajik: Мурғоб; Russian: Мургаб Murgab, from the Persian word margh-ab meaning "prairie river"), formerly Pamirski Post is the capital of Murghob District in the Pamir Mountains of Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region, Tajikistan. With a population of 4,000, Murghab is about the only significant town in the eastern half of Gorno-Badakhshan. It is the highest town in Tajikistan (and of the former Soviet Union) at 3,650 m above sea level. It located at the point where the Pamir Highway crosses the river Murghab. Murghob is the main village of the jamoat Murghob, population 7,468 (2015).[1]

The Pamir Highway goes north to Sary-Tash and on to Osh in Kyrgyzstan and southwest to the region's capital Khorugh. Another road goes east over the Kulma Pass to the Karakoram Highway in China connecting to Tashkurgan to the south and Kashgar in the north.

Pamirsky Post[edit]

Russian Officials in 1915 with Pamirski Post in the background

The place was founded by the Russians as Pamirsky Post in 1893, as their most advanced military outpost into Central Asia.[2]

The modern town was constructed during the period of Soviet rule of Tajikistan as a rest stop along the Pamir Highway.

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Murghab has an alpine tundra climate (ET) in the Köppen climate classification. The average annual temperature is −3.9 °C (25.0 °F). The warmest month is July with an average temperature of 8.7 °C (47.7 °F) and the coolest month is January with an average temperature of −18.7 °C (−1.7 °F). The average annual precipitation is 347.7 mm (13.69 in) and has an average of 87.1 days with precipitation. The wettest month is May with an average of 45.1 mm (1.78 in) of precipitation and the driest month is September with an average of 10.9 mm (0.43 in) of precipitation.[3]

Climate data for Murghab
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −18.7
(−1.7)
−16.8
(1.8)
−9.9
(14.2)
−2.7
(27.1)
0.8
(33.4)
5.1
(41.2)
8.7
(47.7)
8.5
(47.3)
4
(39)
−2.2
(28.0)
−9
(16)
−14.7
(5.5)
−3.9
(25.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 27.6
(1.09)
29.4
(1.16)
40.2
(1.58)
38.4
(1.51)
45.1
(1.78)
28.4
(1.12)
22.0
(0.87)
19.9
(0.78)
10.9
(0.43)
22.8
(0.90)
29.4
(1.16)
33.6
(1.32)
347.7
(13.69)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 6.6 7.7 8.7 9.0 11.0 9.0 8.4 6.5 5.0 4.9 4.6 5.7 87.1
Average relative humidity (%) 59.5 60.2 56.0 52.0 50.1 43.1 43.4 44.8 43.5 45.9 49.7 56.3 50.4
Source: "The Climate of Murghab". Weatherbase. Retrieved 1 August 2014.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jamoat-level basic indicators, United Nations Development Programme in Tajikistan, accessed 5 October 2020
  2. ^ "Murghab Travel Guide | Caravanistan". Caravanistan. Retrieved 2018-09-11.
  3. ^ "Weatherbase". weatherbase.com. Retrieved 1 August 2014.