Muria language

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Muria
Native toIndia
Native speakers
15,864 (2011 census)[1]
Dravidian
Language codes
ISO 639-3Variously:
emu – Eastern Muria
mut – Western Muria
fmu – Far Western Muria (Gaita Koitor)
Glottologeast2340  Eastern[2]
west2408  Western[3]
farw1235  Far Western[4]

Muria is a Dravidian language spoken in India. Three varieties have minimal intelligibility. It is sometimes confused with the Madiya language. It is suspected to be mutually unintelligible with northern Gondi dialects.[5]

Phonology[edit]

Muria has 10 vowels and 21 consonants.[6]

Consonants
Bilabial Dental Alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Glottal
Stop voiceless p ʈ t͡ʃ k
voiced b ɖ d͡ʒ g
Nasal m n ŋ
Tap or Flap ɾ ɽ
Fricative s h
Approximant ʋ l ɭ j
Vowels
Front Central Back
Close short i u
long ī ū
Close-mid short e o
long ē ō
Open short a
long ā

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statement 1: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues - 2011". www.censusindia.gov.in. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Eastern Muria". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Western Muria". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Far Western Muria". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  5. ^ Bhadriraju Krishnamurti (2003). The Dravidian languages. Oxford University Press. p. 25.
  6. ^ Matthew, Thomas; Matthew, Rincy (2013). "Far Western Muria (Gaita Koitor Boli) Phonology Summary" (PDF). sil.org. SIL International.