Muriel Robertson

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Muriel Robertson
Muriel Robertson.jpg
Born 8 April 1883
Glasgow, Scotland, UK
Died 14 June 1973
Derry, Northern Ireland, UK
Nationality British
Known for Protozoology and bacteriology, Fellow of the Royal Society

Muriel Robertson FRS[1] (8 April 1883 – 14 June 1973)[1][2] was a British protozoologist and bacteriologist at the Lister Institute, London[1] from 1915 to 1961. She made key discoveries of the life cycle of trypanosomes.[3][4][5][6][7]

Early life and education[edit]

Robertson was born in Glasgow, the seventh of twelve children of engineer Robert Andrew Robertson and his wife Elizabeth Ritter.[1] She was educated privately and then attended the University of Glasgow where she obtained a Master of Arts in 1905. She worked for two years in Glasgow after graduating. An early project was a study of Pseudospora volvocis, a protozoan parasite of the alga Volvox.

Career[edit]

In 1907 she was awarded a Carnegie Fellowship and moved to Ceylon to study trypanosome infections in reptiles. She then joined the staff at the Lister Institute in London under Professor Edward Alfred Minchin from 1910 to 1911. She spent time as protozoologist to what was then the Uganda Protectorate from 1911 to 1914 where she researched the lifecycle of Trypanosoma gambiense (which causes African trypanosomiasis or sleeping sickness) in blood and in its insect carrier, the tsetse fly, publishing her ground-breaking results.[3] She is claimed to have bicycled through the forests of Uganda on this work, according to her Obituary.[8] In 1923 she obtained her Doctor of Science from Glasgow for a thesis entitled A study of the life histories of certain trypanosomes.[9]

On the creation of the Tropical Medical Research Committee by the Medical Research Council in 1936,[10] Robertson was amongst the first of those elected to the Committee.

Robertson returned to the Lister Institute shortly before the First World War broke out in 1914. Save for a period at the Institute of Animal Pathology in Cambridge during the Second World War, she worked at the Lister Institute until 1961. Most of her work was as a protozoologist, but she worked on bacteriology during both world wars, and in particular on anaerobic Clostridia infection of war wounds, the cause of gas-gangrene.

She was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1947,[1] in the same year as Dorothy Hodgkin, and only two years after the first women, Marjory Stephenson and Kathleen Lonsdale, were elected. The following year, she became an Honorary Doctor of Law (LLD) at the University of Glasgow. She was also a fellow of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and of the Institute of Biology, and a member of the Pathological Society, the Society for Experimental Biology and the Medical Research Club. She was a founder of the Society of General Microbiology and served on its council from 1945 to 1948.

After officially retiring in 1948, Robertson continued to work, sponsored by the Agricultural Research Council, teaching her skills to research workers at the Lister Institute until 1961.[11] She suffered from acute glaucoma in the 1950s and one eye was removed.[3] She continued work in Cambridge for a short period before finally retiring to the family estate in Limavady, County Londonderry in Northern Ireland. After a period of illness, she died at Altnagelvin Area Hospital in Derry.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Bishop, A.; Miles, A. (1974). "Muriel Robertson". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 20: 316–347. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1974.0014. JSTOR 769644. PMID 11615759. 
  2. ^ ROBERTSON, Muriel, Who Was Who A & C Black, 1920–2008; online edn, Oxford University Press, December 2007, accessed 9 Jan 2012
  3. ^ a b c University of Glasgow Biography – accessed 9 January 2012
  4. ^ Howie, J. (1987). "Portraits from memory. 16—Muriel Robertson, FRS (1883–1973)". British Medical Journal (Clinical research ed.). 295 (6589): 41. doi:10.1136/bmj.295.6589.41. PMC 1246912Freely accessible. PMID 3113608. 
  5. ^ Anon (1973). "Dr Muriel Robertson". Nature. 244 (5417): 529–530. doi:10.1038/244529c0. PMID 4583123. 
  6. ^ Anon (1973). "Muriel Robertson". British Medical Journal. 3 (5871): 112–113. doi:10.1136/bmj.3.5871.112. PMC 1586552Freely accessible. PMID 4577834. 
  7. ^ Anon (1973). "Muriel Robertson". Lancet. 2 (7819): 52. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(73)91998-3. PMID 4123338. 
  8. ^ "Dr Muriel Robertson." Times [London, England] 22 June 1973: 23. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 12 June 2017.
  9. ^ Miles, A. A. (1976). "Muriel Robertson, 1883–1973". Journal of General Microbiology. 95 (1): 1–8. doi:10.1099/00221287-95-1-1. PMID 784900. 
  10. ^ "Medicine in the Tropics." Times [London, England] 4 March 1936: 14. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 12 June 2017.
  11. ^ Dr R. A. Kekwick. "Dr Muriel Robertson." Times [London, England] 18 July 1973: 18. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 12 June 2017.
  12. ^ P. H. Clarke, 'Robertson, Muriel (1883–1973)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 16 Oct 2012; Muriel Robertson (1883–1973): doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/51770